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East LoI dated 2009-09-25

Unto Olwyn Laurel, Istvan Wreath, Aryanhwy Pelican, the SCA College of Arms, and all others who do receive this letter, greetings from Kolosvari Arpadne Julia, Blue Tyger Herald.

It is the intent of Easterners to register the following items. Unless otherwise noted, the submitter has no desire for authenticity, allows any changes, and allows a holding name. I've used the "language" checkbox to correspond with the "language/culture" box on the name submission form.

This item was on the 01-2010 LoAR

1: Aldiana della Serra - New Name & New Device

Per pale argent and azure, a vol counterchanged and on a chief triangular sable a crescent argent.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Language (Italian) most important.

Aldiana is found once in Arval Benicoeur: "Feminine Given Names from Thirteenth Century Perugia" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/perugia/perugiaFem.html).

della Serra is the byname of Cardinal Filippo Carafa della Serra (or Filippo Caraffa della Serra) from Naples, c. 1340-1389. He is listed in Salvador Miranda: "The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church" (http://www.fiu.edu/~mirandas/bios1378.htm#Carafa ; main site: http://www.fiu.edu/~mirandas/cardinals.htm). In addition, de Serra is listed in N.F. Faraglia: "1800 Surnames Recorded in 1447" (http://www.abruzzoheritage.com/magazine/2002_06/d.htm).

This device is clear of Astrid Thorvardsdatter: Per pale argent and azure, two wings conjoined in lure counterchanged (09/1998 Atlantia), with one CD for adding the chief, and another for the crescent on the chief.


This item was on the 01-2010 LoAR

2: Alesone Gray of Cranlegh - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2009, via the East

(Fieldless) On the breech of a cannon barrel reversed sable a spool Or.

Her name is on the East's June 2009 LoI, along with a different badge. She has another badge on the East's July LoI. Her device was registered in Dec. 2008 via the East, under the holding name Alesone Gray of Carolingia.

This badge is clear of Wilhelm von Homburg: (Fieldless) A cannon sable (Nov. 07 via the West), with one CD for the fieldless bribe and another for adding the tertiary charge. Kingdom commenters had some trouble recognizing said tertiary, but defer to Wreath and the College on the question.


This item was on the 01-2010 LoAR

3: Allessandra Francesca di Milano - New Name & New Device

Per bend sinister sable and gules, a threaded needle inverted bendwise sinister and in bend sinister three fleurs de lys palewise Or.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Language (Italian 1500s) most important.

Allessandra is based on Academy of St. Gabriel report 3339 (http://www.s-gabriel.org/3339), which mentions Allesandra as a 15th c. variant spelling found in "Selected Letters of Alessandra Strozzi" by Heather Gregory (University of California Press, 1997). The more usual Alessandra spelling is found (among others) in Rhian Lyth of Blackmoor Vale's "Italian Renaissance Women's Names" (http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/italian.html) and in Juliana de Luna's "Names from Sixteenth Century Venice" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/16thcvenice.html).

Francesca is found in Rhian's article (op. cit.) as well as Juliana de Luna's "Names in 15th Century Florence and her Dominions: the Condado" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/condado/), where it's listed as the 6th most common feminine name. This article also has some discussion of spelling variation in period Italian, including doubled versus single consonants, which should help justify Allessandra.

Juliana's 16c. Venetian article (op. cit.) notes that "the woman labeled as <Maria Poselina> may be an example" of a feminine double given name, and that compound and double given names appear occasionally for men.

di Milano is based on the locative da Milano found in Arval Benicoeur and Talan Gwynek: "Fourteenth Century Venetian Personal Names" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/venice14/), and the discussion of locative prepositions in Talan Gwynek: "15th Century Italian Men's Names" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/italian15m.html), which notes at least one example of a possible use of di as a locative preposition rather than patronymic (di Zirondi).


This item was on the 01-2010 LoAR

4: Arabella of Ardtayne - New Name & New Device

Argent, a hazel sprig fructed and leaved proper, on a chief raguly azure three butterflies argent.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Sound (ar-TANE) most important.

Originally submitted as Arabella of Artane, the name was changed at kingdom to Arabella of Ardtayne to better match the available documentation.

Arabella is a (primarily Scottish) feminine name dated to 1255 in Withycombe s.n. Arabel(la) (3rd ed. p. 29). In addition, in OSCAR commentary on another Arabella (June 2009 Meridies LoI), Nicholas de Estleche dictus le Tardif (Edelweiss) said:

I can pull Arabella to the late period:

Arabella Cokayn bap. 19 Nov. 1631, Souldrop, Bedfordshire
Arabella Fysher bap. 24 Oct. 1575, Toddington, Bedfordshire

(IGI Parish Record extracts)

Ardtayne is a placename found in a footnote on p. 217 of State papers: King Henry the Eighth (Great Britain Record Commission, 1834; vol. II part III. Google Books: http://books.google.com/books?id=efwUAAAAQAAJ): "This place is also named Tartayne in the Act of Attainder, elsewhere Ardtayne. It is now called Artane." (Page 217 contains records for the year 1535, and is headed: "The Copie of the Curse geven Thomas Fitzgarald and others, for kyllyng of the Archbusshop of Dublyn".) The Gaelic name of the place (as found in the Annals of Ulster for the year 1534) was Ard-aidhin, and it was apparently generally Anglicized with a 'T' at the beginning. In addition to the aforementioned 1535 Tartayne, the spellings Tartaine and Turtaine are found in a will dated to 1570 according to p. 11 of The Ussher memoirs, or, Genealogical memoirs of the Ussher families in Ireland by Wm. Ball Wright (1889; Google Books: http://books.google.com/books?id=1-NrAAAAMAAJ). The submitter will accept one of these spellings if necessary for registration, but she would prefer one starting with 'A'.


This item was on the 01-2010 LoAR

5: Brunechilde de Ravenel - Resub Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No changes.

Her original name submission of Brunehilde de Ravenel was changed in kingdom to Brunihelt de Ravenel; it was returned in May 2005 for being two steps away from period practice, with over 500 years between name elements, and a mix of Germanic/Frankish and Middle French. This submission uses later-period French literary sources for the given name to hopefully solve these problems.

Brunechilde is found in Gemelles ou Pareilles, recueillies de divers auteurs tant grecs, latins que franscois (published 1584) by Pierre De Sainct Julien (available through http://gallica.bnf.fr, but no direct link possible), p. 322, in a chapter called, "De la mort de Brunechilde Roine" [Of the death of Queen Brunechild] that describes her as "Brunechilde fille d'Athanagilde Roy des Visigots, de croyance Arrienne, & femme de Sigebert Roy de Mets" [Brunechilde, daughter of Athanagilde, King of the Visigoths, who believed in Arianism, and wife of Sigebert, King of Metz]. The name also appears in Recueil des roys de France by Jean Du Tillet, published in 1602 (http://books.google.com/books?id=DzYVAAAAQAAJ); on pages 24 and 25 she's called "la Royne Brunechilde" [Queen Brunechilde]. Kingdom feels that these and other romanticized "histories" featuring Brunhilde should be enough to allow use of the literary name allowance for this name.

de Ravenel is a surname found in "Some Names From Picardy in the 14th c. - From Armorial du dénombrement de la Comté de Clermont en Beauvaisis 1373-1376" by Chrestienne la pescheresse (KWHS Proceedings, Caid, 2007). It is also dated to 1421 in "French Surnames from Paris, 1421, 1423 & 1438" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/paris1423surnames.html), and to 1392 and 1394 in Morlet Picardie (p. 344 s.n. de Ravenel).


This item was on the 01-2010 LoAR

6: Camille des Jardins - New Name & New Device

Vair, on a chief argent three cinquefoils azure.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound most important.

Camille is listed as the name of a saint, a 13th century Cistercian nun, on the French website Nominis (http://tinyurl.com/mrq5sj). The submitter provides a translation of the biographical blurb: "she lived in Carcassonne in the time of the Albigenses....she preferred to jump into a well rather than to be raped. This place became a pilgrimage and the neighboring village changed its name to St. Camelle. She is venerated in Toulouse." Also, Camilla is dated to 1208 in Talan Gwynek's "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" (http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/reaneyAG.html).

des Jardins is dated to 1421 in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "French Surnames from Paris, 1421, 1423 & 1438" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/paris1423surnames.html).


This item was on the 01-2010 LoAR

7: Donal O'Neill - New Name & New Device

Sable, on a pale between two bears combattant Or a pallet gules.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Language (Irish 1300s) most important.

The original name on the submission form was Donnal O'Neill; this was whited out and changed to a handwritten DoNal O'Neill, presumably by the submitter or consulting herald. The capitalization was corrected by kingdom.

Donal is found in a 1457 reference to a clerk named John Donal, quoted in the Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue s.v. clerk, among other headers (found online at the Dictionary of the Scots Language website: http://www.dsl.ac.uk/index.html). The return of the name Donnel Stewart (Apr. 2007, Caid) mentioned this datum and said: "We would give the submitter the benefit of the doubt that this unmarked patronymic is a valid given name and register the name as Donal Stewart"; kingdom hopes this reasoning still applies.

O'Neill is based on Cormack O Neill and others, listed in the Fiants of Elizabeth I in record 6489, dated 1601 (The Seventeenth Report of the Deputy Keeper of the Public Records in Ireland, Appendix p. 174; Dublin, 1885; Google Books: http://books.google.com/books?id=NSwNAAAAYAAJ). The apostrophe is based on other records from the Fiants, for example number 5993 dated 1596, which refers to O Donyll's country and O'Donell's country (in a boundary description).

Kingdom is afraid this name may be presumptuous, as there was a Donal O'Neill (Domhnall Ó Néill, d. 1325) who "seized the kingship of Cenél nEógain" three times in the late 1200s (according to Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O245-ONeillDonal.html). There was also a 10th c. Irish king named Domhnall Ua Neill (or Domhnall mac Muirchertach Ua Neill), according to the Annals of the Four Masters (see e.g. Part 7, M963.7: http://www.ucc.ie/celt/online/T100005B/text007.html). We're deferring to Pelican and the College on the decision whether these men are important enough to protect.


This item was on the 01-2010 LoAR

8: Duncan Kieran - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 1992, via the East

(Fieldless) A rabbit's head erased affronty attired of stag's antlers per pale vert and Or.

His name and device, Quarterly vert and Or, in bend two rabbits rampant guardant, attired of stag's antlers, argent, were registered in 07/1992 via the East.

This badge is clear of Eógan Mac Ailpein (07/1999 Atlantia): (Fieldless) A hare's head cabossed argent, with one CD for fieldlessness, and another for the tincture of the charge.


This item was on the 01-2010 LoAR

9: Eiríkr á Vestrgautlandi - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2007, via the East

Gules, a cock close Or between two pallets argent and three bezants.

His previous device submission, Gules, a rooster close Or between two pallets azure fimbriated argent between three bezants, was returned in March 2007 (via the East) for fimbriating non-central charges. This submission removes the fimbriation to fix this problem.


This item was on the 01-2010 LoAR

10: Jadwiga Zajaczkowa - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in August of 1998, via the East

(Fieldless) On a mortar and pestle Or a sage leaf bendwise sinister vert.

This badge is eventually intended to be transferred to the East Kingdom for its Herbalists and Apothecaries Guild.

There's a possible conflict with Marion del Okes (11/2006 East): (Fieldless) A cup Or charged with in fess three oak leaves bendwise sinister vert. There's one CD for fieldlessness. There may be another clear difference between a cup and a mortar-and-pestle, but there is no precedent on the matter (that we could find). There may also be a CD for the number and type of tertiaries, as oak leaves are fairly distinct from sage, but we're not sure if it's enough of a difference when they're tertiary charges.


This item was on the 01-2010 LoAR

11: Jehanne Urchurdan - New Alternate Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 1984, via the East

Verica filia Urguist

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Client requests authenticity.
Language most important.

Originally submitted as Verica Urguist, the name was changed in kingdom to Verica filia Urguist to better match the available documentation.

All elements are from "A Consideration of Pictish Names" by Heather Rose Jones (http://www.heatherrosejones.com/names/pictish/index.html).

Verica is listed in section III.B.1. as a feminine given name found in Roman-era inscriptions in Britain (in a list reproduced from the author's "The First Thousand Years of British Names").

Urguist is found as part of a patronymic in section II.B.4., the list of "historical" kings in the Pictish Chronicle: Onnist filius Urguist (Colbertine MS, the earliest surviving copy of the Chronicle, from the 14th c.) or Onuis filius Urguist (Irish HB: an 11th c. Irish translation of the Historia Britonum, surviving primarily in the late 14th c. "Book of Ballimote").

The structure of the name is discussed in section III.B.4., which suggests <given name> nepos <uncle's name in the genitive> and <given name> filius <father's name in the genitive> as possible constructions for masculine names, and says: "The Latin feminine forms of the above would use neptis and filia."

Correction (2009-Oct-07 01:10:41): In addition to the checkmarks for authenticity for both language/culture and time period, I just noticed that the specifics line says "10th cent to 11th cent. Scottish". I'm not sure how this applies to the current submission, which is neither Scottish nor 10th-11th century, but there it is.


This item was on the 01-2010 LoAR

12: Kors Damiszoon - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 2008, via the West

Ermine, on a chevron vert three frogs Or, a chief embattled sable.


This item was on the 01-2010 LoAR

13: Lucrezia Spinelli - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Language most important.

Lucrezia is found as a feminine name in Juliana de Luna's "Names from Sixteenth Century Venice" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/16thcvenice.html). It's also discussed in Academy of St. Gabriel report 2675 (http://www.s-gabriel.org/2675), which lists Lucrezia Cssa Landriani 1463 and Lucrezia Crivelli 1497, citing a genealogic website on the "Sforza Family" (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/italy/sforza.html).

Spinelli is a surname found once in Juliana de Luna's "Masculine Names from 13th Century Pisa" (http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/pisa/pisa-bynames-alpha.html). It's also found 293 times in the list of surnames from "Florentine Renaissance Resources: Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532" by David Herlihy, R. Burr Litchfield, and Anthony Molho (http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/tratte/doc/SURNAM1.html).


Bibliography

Morlet, Marie-Therese. Etude d'anthroponymie picarde, les noms de personne en Haute Picardie aux XIIIe, XIVe, XVe siecles. Amiens, Musee de Picardie, 1967.

Withycombe, E.G. The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names. Third edition. Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1979.


OSCAR counts 6 New Names, 1 New Alternate Name, 6 New Devices and 3 New Badges. These 16 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $48 for them. OSCAR counts 1 Resub Name and 1 Resub Device. These 2 items are not chargeable. There are a total of 18 items submitted on this letter.

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