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East LoI dated 2009-06-22

Unto Olwyn Laurel, Istvan Wreath, Aryanhwy Pelican, the SCA College of Arms, and all others who do receive this letter, greetings from Kolosvari Arpadne Julia, Blue Tyger Herald.

It is the intent of Easterners to register the following items. Unless otherwise noted, the submitter has no desire for authenticity, allows any changes, and allows a holding name. I used the "language" checkbox for "language and/or culture" and the "culture" checkbox for "spelling".

I count 5 new names, 1 new name change, 4 new devices, 2 new device changes, and 3 new badges. Appropriate fees will be sent for these 15 items. There are also 2 resub devices, a change of holding name, and an armory transfer and acceptance of same, for a total of 20 actions on this letter.

This item was on the 10-2009 LoAR

1: al-`Aliyya bint `Abd al-Rahman al-Basira - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Language (Fatimids) most important.
Meaning (Servant of Allah) most important.

Originally submitted as Aaliyah Abd al-Rahman al-Basira, the submitter's permission was obtained to change the spelling of the given name and to add a patronymic particle, in order to better match the available documentation.

All documentation is from Da'ud ibn Auda: "Period Arabic Names and Naming Practices" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/arabic-naming2.htm).

al-`Aliyya is found as a feminine cognomen used as an ism (given name), meaning "the high, the lofty, the sublime".

bint: the explanation of name formation says that Arabic does not use unmarked patronymics: "one always finds the particles ibn (son of) or bint (daughter of)".

`Abd al-Rahman is found as a masculine ism, defined as "servant of the Merciful" in the introductory material on laqabs.

al-Basir is found in the list of masculine cognomens used as isms, defined as "the sagacious, the wise". The introduction says that masculine names can generally be feminized by adding -a(h).

The structure of the name is intended as [ism: given name] + [nasab: patronymic] + [laqab: descriptive byname]; this is somewhat similar to the example Layla bint Zuhayr ibn Yazid al-Nahdiyah, which is explained as "ism + two generation nasab + [feminine form of] nisba." (Nisba: occupational, tribal, or locative byname.) The only laqabs in the list of examples are ones that are used in place of an ism; it's unclear to kingdom whether this is a result of the limited scope of the list of examples, or a reflection of lack of period use of laqabs as actual bynames.


This item was on the 10-2009 LoAR

2: Alesone Gray of Cranlegh - New Name Change From Holding Name & New Badge

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in October of 2009, via the East.

(Fieldless) Two rapiers inverted in saltire argent and overall a crow sable.

Old Item: Alesone of Carolingia, to be released.
Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Culture ("Alesone" spelling) most important.

Her original name submission of Alesone Gray was returned in Dec. 2008 for conflict with Alys Graye (12/1993 West), because Alesone is a diminutive of Alys. Her device, Gules, three equal-armed Celtic crosses and on a chief argent three ravens sable, was registered under the holding name Alesone of Carolingia.

Alesone is dated to 1492 in Talan Gwynek: "A List of Feminine Personal Names Found in Scottish Records" (http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/scottishfem.html#scottishfemlate).

Gray is a header in Black; dated examples of this spelling include John Gray 1394, Ibbote Gray 1376, and John Gray of Broxmouth 1357. Sharon Krossa: "Early 16th Century Scottish Lowland Names" (http://www.medievalscotland.org/scotnames/lowland16/surnamesinstances.shtml) also cites examples of Gray, dated to 1500, 1502, 1517, 1518, 1520, 1549, and 1550.

Cranlegh is a placename found in Calendar of the Patent Rolls Preserved in the Public Record Office for the reign of Henry VI (Vol. II, 1429-1436; http://books.google.com/books?id=lJs9AAAAMAAJ): "John Leur of Andewarp, born in Brabant, dwelling at Cranlegh, co. Surrey" is dated to 1436 on p. 566. There's also "William Sydney of Cranle" dated to 1434 on p. 380, which incidentally also supports the pattern [given name] + [byname] + [locative byname]. Ekwall p. 128 s.n. Cranleigh ('crane's wood') only has rather early cites: Cranlea 1166 and Cranelega 1167 for the place in Surrey, and Cranlea DB and Cranele 1198 for a Cranley in Suffolk.

This submission is clear of Alys Graye by addition of an element. It's also clear of Alison Gray of Owlwood (07/1994 West) for the change in the locative element.


This item was on the 10-2009 LoAR

3: Creatura Christi of Oakes - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in December of 2006, via the East

Per bend counterembowed embowed azure and vert, in bend sinister an oak sprig fructed palewise Or and another argent.

Her previous device submission was returned on the 02/2008 LoAR for unblazonability of the orientation of the oak sprigs (neither palewise nor bendwise). The device has been redrawn with the sprigs in palewise orientation.


This item was on the 10-2009 LoAR

4: Griffith Davion - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2008, via the East

(Fieldless) A lantern vert.

His device, Counter-ermine, a bend sinister gules fimbriated argent and overall a tyger rampant contourny argent, is on the East's May 2009 LoI.

This badge is clear of Brunissende Dragonette de Brocéliande's (Fieldless) A lantern gules (10/2005 East), with one CD for fieldlessness and another for the tincture of the charge.


This item was on the 10-2009 LoAR

5: Isabelle of Carolingia - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2008, via the East

Purpure, a cross between in bend two anchors and in bend sinister two bells and on a chief Or a rose fesswise purpure slipped and leaved proper.

Her previous device submission (Purpure, a cross between in bend two anchors and in bend sinister two bells and on a chief Or a rose fesswise purpure slipped brown leaved vert) was returned on the 09/2008 LOAR for having a complexity count of nine and for the use of a non-heraldic tincture. The LoAR confirmed that this is not a marshalled design because it does not use a divided field. This resubmission changes the slip of the rose to green to eliminate the non-heraldic tincture, thereby decreasing the complexity count to an acceptable eight.


This item was on the 10-2009 LoAR

6: Jehane de Fenwyk - New Acceptance of Armory Transfer

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2008, via the East

Azure, three enfields rampant within a bordure Or.

The device being transferred was item 10 on the East's Sep. 2007 LoI (http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=100&loi=253). The acceptance of transfer reads as follows:

I, [...], known in the SCA as Jehane de Fenwyk, hereby accept the transfer of the following armory: Azure, three enfields rampant within a bordure Or (originally registered to Noah de Fenwyk, January 2008 via the East).

Date: 3/15/09. [signature]


This item was on the 10-2009 LoAR

7: Jibril ibn `Ammar al-Fayyad - New Name & New Device

Argent, a decrescent gules, on a chief sable two scimitars addorsed argent and on a base sable a kylix argent.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Language (10th-11th C Andalusian Muslim) most important.

All documentation is from Da'ud Ibn Auda: "Period Arabic Names and Naming Practices" (http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/arabic-naming-2.htm).

Jibril is listed as a masculine ism (given name); it's an Arabic form of Gabriel.

ibn `Ammar means 'the son of `Ammar'; `Ammar is listed as a masculine ism. [The type of apostrophe has been corrected in kingdom: the name appears on the submission forms as 'Ammar.]

al-Fayyad is listed among the "masculine cognomens used as isms" with the meaning 'the generous'.

The list of naming patterns includes Ahmad ibn Sa'id al-Bahili, which is explained as "ism son of ism [one generation nasab] + nisba."

This device specifically attempts to re-create Islamic heraldry within the SCA's rules, and is accompanied by extensive documentation. According to Da'ud ibn Auda: "Islamic Heraldry: An Introduction" (Class Notes and Papers from the Outlands Heralds and Scribes Symposium, 2002; http://www.geocities.com/ohssymp/2002_Symposium/isher.html),

Muslim emblazons generally consisted of the ard (field, or "ground") divided into three shatfas or shatabs (what might be described as "tierced per fess"), but since in so many of the colored emblazons still extant the chief and base portions are the same tincture, with the central one of a contrasting tincture, it will be a little more comprehensible to blazon them as having a "fess"...

While it was conflict-checked both ways, kingdom decided to blazon the submission as a field with a chief and a base, because the proportions are closer to that than to a fess, as described by Lothar van Katzenellenbogen in "Middle Eastern Heraldry" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/docs/saracen-heraldry.html):

Islamic arms followed a strict format. The shield was either of one color with a single occupational charge placed in the middle or the shield was divided per fess into three pieces with the fess taking up 4/5ths of the shield space. An occupational charge was typically [placed] on the fess taking up most of the space on the fess. Often smaller charges were placed to either side of the primary charge or they would be placed on the charge on the fess. Often a secondary charge (not neccessarily [sic] the same) would be placed to chief and to base. Rarely, a chief or base might have field treatment, but more likely it was just left blank. In all cases a strong horizontal symmetry is projected.

There is a precedent against the use of both a chief and a base in a manner blurring the distinction between that design and a fess:

[Per fess indented sable and argent, on a chief argent two birds displayed heads to sinister sable, a base vert.] This has been returned for redrawing or redesign. The emblazon cannot be clearly interpreted. This emblazon could also be interpreted as Per fess sable and vert, a fess indented on the upper edge and on a chief argent two birds displayed heads to sinister sable. Note that neither armory using both a chief and a base, nor armory using a fess indented only on the upper edge, are standard period armorial design, so there is no obviously correct interpretation. [Dietrich von Ravensburg, 02/02]

However, kingdom feels that the potential for two interpretations shouldn't automatically be grounds for return, as long as both interpretations reliably produce similar emblazons. Joseph Foster's Some feudal coats of arms from heraldic rolls 1298-1418 (1902; pp. 69, 89; http://books.google.com/books?id=oqBXmECZm0EC) includes at least two period examples of heraldic illusions:

Dabridgcourt, Sir John (K.G. 1413)—bore, at the siege of Rouen 1418, ermine three bars humettée gules. (F. ) Borne also by NICOL and by SANCHET, K.G. , a founder; Surrey Roll (R. II.). This coat by an heraldic illusion may be blasoned the reverse, viz., gules two bars and a bordure ermine.

and

Eynesford, William—bore, at the second Dunstable tournament 1334, gules, a fret engrailed ermine at each joint (F. ), ascribed also to JOHN in the Surrey Roll, and to Sir JOHN in the Abhmole Roll, where the trick as an illusion appears as ermine, semée of quatrefoyles gules. THOMAS bore the same differenced with a bordure azure in Jenyns' Ordinary.

In fact, any of the "X, fretty Y" variants could be alternatively blazoned as "Y, semy of lozenges X", especially when you look at certain period rolls of arms (e.g., the Carlisle Roll of 1334) where the frets don't always have internal detailing to show the "weaving". Either blazon in the case of this submission will produce emblazons that are nearly identical, aside from slight differences in proportion, particularly of the heights of the "fess" and decrescent, and a different complexity count (eight vs. seven).

Correction (2009-Aug-02 17:08:16): NOTE FROM EASTERN CROWN: This device submission has been withdrawn by the submitter.


This item was on the 10-2009 LoAR

8: Malcolm Leslie of Aberdeen - New Name & New Device

Or, a griffin segreant azure and on a chief gules three lotus flowers in profile Or.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.

Malcolm is a header in Black, dated as a masculine name in this spelling to 1204-11 (Malcolm, pincerna regis) and c. 1205 (Malcolm, judex). It's from Gaelic Mael Columb 'devotee of Columba'.

Leslie is likewise a header in Black, with Robert de Leslie dated to 1272. Other dated forms include Symone de Lescelye 1278 and Sir Norman de Lechelyn of Aberdeenshire 1296. (That last also provides evidence for the format of the name: given + surname + locative byname.)

Aberdeen is also a header in Black, with Henry of Aberdeen dated to 1295, along with Michael de Abirden 1290 and John of Aberdene 1272.


This item was on the 10-2009 LoAR

9: Melchior Kriebel - New Name & New Device

Azure, on a bend sinister between a musket bendwise sinister and a cannon barrel reversed argent, a rapier azure.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No changes.

Melchior is a masculine given name dated to 1501-1550 in Talan Gwynek's "Late Period German Masculine Given Names" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/germmasc.html#plauen16). It also appears in this spelling in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "German Names from 1495" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/german/german1495.html) and "German Names from Rottweil, Baden-Württemberg, 1441" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/german/rottweil1441.html).

Kriebel is a header in Bahlow/Gentry. It's dated in the spelling Kribel to 1295, and Krebisch is dated to 1392. Bahlow apparently doesn't know what it means: "name is uninterpreted as yet, of Slav. origin". For the -ie- spelling, the following entry (Kriech 'blackthorn') offers Peter der Kriechbaum 1307, along with W. Krich 1153.

Kriebel is also the submitter's legal surname; proof can be provided if necessary.


This item was on the 10-2009 LoAR

10: Mondette Ludwig - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (French + German (husband's registered surname)) most important.
Culture ([spelling is also checked]) most important.

Mondette is dated to 1528 in Toulouse in Talan Gwynek's "Late Period Feminine Names from the South of France" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/latefrenchfem.html).

Ludwig is found as a surname with 3 occurrences in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "German Names from Nürnberg, 1497" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/german/nurnberg1497.html). It also occurs a dozen times as a given name. Aryanhwy's "Women's Surnames in 15th and 16th century Germany" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/german/womenssurnames.html) says that in the data from Nürnberg and surrounding cities, 34 out of 593 women (5.7%) bore unmodified (non-feminized) surnames.

It's unclear to kingdom whether the names in Talan's cited article are French or Occitan. Combining either of these languages with German is a step from period practice, but registerable (Amalia Künne 12/2001 and Adhemar von Kempten 11/2007).


This item was on the 10-2009 LoAR

11: Noah de Fenwyk - New Device Change

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2008, via the East

Azure, three enfields rampant and a bordure Or, overall a label argent.

Old Item: Azure, three enfields rampant and a bordure Or, to be retained as a badge.

His currently registered device is transferred to Jehane de Fenwyk elsewhere on this letter. (It is to be retained as a badge only if the transfer isn't successful for some unfathomable reason.)

There is a letter of permission to conflict included:

I, [...], known in the Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc. ("SCA") as Jehane de Fenwyk, hereby grant [...], known in the SCA as Noah de Fenwyk, permission to register any armory that looks similar to, but not identical to, the armory being transferred to me above: Azure, three enfields rampant within a bordure Or (originally registered to Noah de Fenwyk, January 2008 via the East). I understand that this permission cannot be withdrawn once [...] registers any potentially conflicting armory.

I hereby further certify and affirm that [...] is my legal and natural son and specifically grant him permission to register armory in the SCA that reflects this relationship, even if it conflicts with the above armory.

Date: 3/15/09 [signature]


This item was on the 10-2009 LoAR

12: Noah de Fenwyk - New Armory Transfer

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2008, via the East

Azure, three enfields rampant within a bordure Or.

The armory being transferred was item 10 on the East's Sep. 2007 LoI (http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=100&loi=253). The "authorization for transfer of armory" reads as follows:

I, [...], known in the Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc. ("SCA") as Noah de Fenwyk, hereby transfer to [...], known in the SCA as Jehane de Fenwyk, the following armory registered to me in the SCA: Azure, three enfields rampant within a bordure Or (registered January 2008 via the East). I understand that I am giving up all rights to this armory by making this transfer.

Date: 3/15/09 [signature]


This item was on the 10-2009 LoAR

13: Simona de Sant Martí - New Name Change & New Device Change

OSCAR NOTE: 'Old Item' should contain the former primary name. The form that is there is not a registered name.

Azure, a crescent pendant Or and a bordure denticulada argent.

Old Item: Katryne Blak, to be retained as an alternate name.
Old Item: Argent, a fox passant gules within a bordure per saltire sable and gules, to be retained as a badge.
Submitter desires a feminine name.
No changes.

Her current name was registered in May 2005, via the East.

Simona is dated to 1371 in Joseph J Gwara, Jr: "The Sala Family Archives, A Hand List of Medieval and Early Modern Catalonian Charters" (http://www8.georgetown.edu/departments/medieval/labryrinth/professional/pubs/sala/handlist.html):

Nicholaus Mathei, notary public of Vic, certifies that Huguetus de Baucellis of Vic gave to Petrus de Portabarrada of Vic and to his wife Simona a sack containing fifty-five librae (Barcelona de terno) as partial payment for the sale of the manse of Nogaria in the parish of Vic, which they had purchased from Petrus....Dated 14 February 1371.

[The link is 100% correct, but it redirects to a different page unless you followed it from within their site. Try http://labyrinth.georgetown.edu/index.cfm instead and search for Sala.]

de Sant Martí is found in the "raw data" section of Arval Benicoeur's "Catalan Names from 12th and 13th Century Charters" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/catalan/catalanData.html). It appears once in the charter labeled "Vic, Arxiu Capitular, calaix 6, no. 383", as a locative byname: Guillem de Sant Martí. The charters are dated between 1101 and 1269, but the online archive containing them has been moved or deleted, so a more specific date could not be found.

Although not specified on the submission form, the submitter desires a Catalan name, and noted in commentary that both the given name and byname were likely from the same region (the area of Vic).

Correction (2009-Aug-29 09:08:02): This name has been withdrawn by the submitter. - Lillia

As documentation for the style for the device, copies are included from Faustino Menéndez Pidal and Juan José Martinena: Libro de Armería del Reino de Navarra (2005 edition; pp.157, 313) showing the following blazon (and its corresponding emblazon):

244. El palaçio de Vroz

De oro, creciente volteado de azul; bordura denticulada de azul de diez piezas. [Or, a crescent pendant and a bordure denticulada of 10 pieces azure]

M244, A391 - nueve piezas. [nine pieces]

This device should be clear by X.2. of Clare of Monkeswell (11/2007 Middle), Azure, a clarion Or within a bordure embattled argent.

Correction (2009-Aug-29 09:08:41): The name associated with this device was withdrawn by the submitter on 8/29/09. Please associate the device change with her old name, Katryne Blak. - Lillia

Correction (2009-Aug-29 09:08:40): Note: Katryne Blak was registered in May of 2005, via the East. - Lillia

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=2/2009-06-18/11-13-43_katrynedevicedoc.gif


This item was on the 10-2009 LoAR

14: Sorcha Dhonn of Brennisteinvatn - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 2009, via the East

Argent, a badger rampant and on a chief sable three mullets argent.


This item was on the 10-2009 LoAR

15: Tryn of Iron Bog - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in December of 2004, via the East

Per bend sinister argent and azure, a Thor's hammer counterchanged.


Bibliography

Bahlow, Hans; translated by Edda Gentry. Dictionary of German Names, 2nd ed. Max Kade Institute, Madison, Wisconsin, 2002.

Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland. New York Public Library, 1989.

Ekwall, Eilert. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names. Fourth edition. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1991.


OSCAR counts 5 New Names, 1 New Name Change, 4 New Devices, 2 New Device Changes and 3 New Badges. These 15 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $45 for them. OSCAR counts 1 New Holding Name Change. OSCAR counts 2 Resub Devices. These 3 items are not chargeable. OSCAR counts 1 Acceptance of Armory Transfer and 1 Armory Transfer. These 2 items may or may not require payment. There are a total of 20 items submitted on this letter.

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