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East LoI dated 2009-05-16

Unto Olwyn Laurel, Istvan Wreath, Aryanhwy Pelican, the SCA College of Arms, and all others who do receive this letter, greetings from Kolosvari Arpadne Julia, Blue Tyger Herald.

It is the intent of Easterners to register the following items. Unless otherwise noted, the submitter has no desire for authenticity, allows any changes, and allows a holding name.

I count 8 new names, 10 new devices, 3 new badges, and one new alternate name, for 22 chargeable items. I will arrange for Laurel to be paid $ 66 for them. I also count one appeal (of a Laurel return of a household name), two resub devices, and four resub badges, for a grand total of 29 items on this letter. (OSCAR is counting the appeal as chargeable. I've reported this bug.)

This item was on the 09-2009 LoAR

1: Albrecht Joseph von Halstern - New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in September of 2009, via the East.

Old Item: Albrecht von Halstern, to be retained as an alternate name.

His current name was registered in Feb. 1987, via the East. He wishes to add a surname to it.

The pattern [given name] + [surname] + [locative byname] is attested in "German Names from Nürnberg, 1497" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/german/nurnberg1497.html), citing the example Jorg Moler von Eystet.

Joseph is found as a surname in Brechenmacher s.n. Joseph, with the example Georg Josephus aus Triebel dated to 1524. In addition, Alexander Beider: A Dictionary of Ashkenazic Given Names (s.n. Yoysef, p. 455) has Joseph/Ioseph in Latin, dated to 1248; Josep(p)/Iosep in German, dated to 1294-1426; and Josev in German, dated to 1434. He also gives Joseph 1481 from Polish records, and Josef 1378 from Czech records. According to Bahlow/Gentry s.n. Joseph, the "name of Saint Joseph (spouse of Mary) [was] in use only since the Reformation... However the Jewish first name in the Middle Ages is based on the patriarch ... (son of Jacob and Rachel); hence Jewish family names like Josephy, Josephson."

The use of unmarked patronymics is unremarkable in German. Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "German Names from Nürnberg, 1497" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/german/nurnberg1497.html) includes a number of names used as both masculine given names and surnames, for example Albrecht, Augustin, Burckhart, Clement, Conrat, Contz, Ditrich, Eberhart, Friderich, Gerhart, Hanns, Jacob, Klas, Kuncz, Lamprecht, Mathes, Mertin, and Michel.


This item was on the 09-2009 LoAR

2: Alexandre Bautista de la Mar - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2008, via the East

Purpure, a cross of Jerusalem and on a chief Or two galleons purpure.

His name and device (Purpure, on a cross between four galleons Or, five roses sable) were registered in Sept. 2008, via the East.

Commenters in kingdom noted the badge of the Calontir Cook's Guild (04/2007): Purpure, a cross of Calatrava and on a chief Or, three cooking pots purpure. There is one CD for the changes to the tertiaries, but there is no precedent comparing a cross of Calatrava and a cross of Jerusalem.


This item was on the 09-2009 LoAR

3: Branimira of the Isles - New Name & New Device

Checky argent and gules, a tree eradicated proper and a bordure azure.

Branimira is based on the Slavic male given name Branimir dated to 800-1250 in Walraven van Nijmegen's "Early Croatian Given Names" (http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/croat.html). The article states, "the general rule is that any original standard Slavic deuterothematic (two-element) name (not diminutives, Christian, or foreign names) can be converted to a feminine form by adding -a." Branimira is specifically listed as one of the feminine forms that can be inferred from documented masculine names.

Branimira can also be inferred/constructed from Wickenden (3rd ed.), which dates Branimir to 1000 and its variant Branimir' to 879 (s.n. Branimir). It also has Branislau 1222 and the feminine version Branizlawa 1259 (s.nn. Branislav and Branislava), and Dragomir 1393 and feminine Dragomira 907 (s.nn. Dragomir and Dragomira), showing that both Bran- and -mir are amenable to this kind of masculine/feminine pattern. Further examples of feminizing a masculine two-part Slavic name by adding -a are Bolemil/Bolemila, Iaroi/Iaroia, Liudmil/Liudmila, and possibly Valentin/Valentina (though that last may not actually be a Slavic two-parter).

of the Isles is based on the branch name Isles, Shire of the, which was registered in October 1982 via Caid. Per precedent, registered SCA branch names can be used in bynames regardless of the lingual mix thereby created [Kazimierz of Loch Ruadh, 10/2006 A-Ansteorra].


This item was on the 09-2009 LoAR

4: Caitriona inghean Chalbhaigh - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2008, via the East

Vert, on a bend between a triquetra and three thistles argent a hawk volant sable.

Her name was registered in Sept. 2008, via the East. Her originally submitted device of Vert, on a bend between six thistles argent a hawk volant sable was returned on the 09-2008 LoAR (R-East) for conflict with Elizabeth Tremayne of Silverleaf (Apr. 1982 Caid), Vert, semé of thistles slipped and leaved, on a bend argent a peacock tail feather proper, with just one CD for the changes to the tertiary charge. This resubmission replaces half of the thistles with a triquetra, giving an additional CD for the change in number of the secondaries.


This item was on the 09-2009 LoAR

5: Colette de Beaumanoir - New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in September of 2009, via the East.

Old Item: Gwineth Llynllwyd, to be released.

Her current name was registered in June 2003, via the East.

Colette is found in "Late Period French Feminine Names" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/latefrench.html), dated to 1431, 1447 (twice), 1483, 1542 (twice), and 1565. The article notes: "The source I used modernized all of the given names. I have done my best, using other sources, to determine the likely medieval French spelling for each name; these are listed in the second column." Colette appears in both the first and second columns, meaning that the modern spelling is consistent with period spellings. This conclusion is supported by "An Index to the Given Names in the 1292 Census of Paris" by Colm Dubh (http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/paris.html), which has Colète [une] fille (the accent is an editorial addition) and both Jehanete and Jehanette, and from somewhat later in period, Aryanhwy's "French Names from Paris, 1421, 1423, & 1438" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/paris1423.html) has Collette as a feminine form of Colet, and her "French Names from Chastenay, 1448-1457" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/chastenay.html) has Colecte, Guillemette, and Lorette.

de Beaumanoir is dated to 1398 in Aryanhwy's "Late Period French Surnames (used by women)" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/latefrenchsurnames.html). The article says that the surnames did not appear to have been modified, except for some possibly-editorial accent marks.


This item was on the 09-2009 LoAR

6: Francesca Damiani - New Name & New Device

Per bend sinister sable and gules, five lozenges in cross and an orle argent.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (Italian) most important.
Culture (Italian) most important.
Meaning (Francesca) most important.

Both name elements are from "Fourteenth Century Venetian Personal Names" by Arval Benicoeur and Talan Gwynek (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/venice14/). Names from this source are from the 14th to early 15th C, and most used the pattern of a single given name and a single surname.

Francesca is found in the table of women's names; it's marked as having been "especially common in studies of Tuscan names".

Damiani is found in the table of surnames; it's identified as a patronymic.

Francesca can also be found in the no-photocopy source "Italian Renaissance Women's Names" by Rhian Lyth of Blackmoor Vale (http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/italian.html - "a list of Italian feminine names from Florence in the 14th and 15th centuries"), but the Laurel website is rather short on sources for Italian surnames.


This item was on the 09-2009 LoAR

7: Francesca Damiani - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2009, via the East

(Fieldless) A cross of five lozenges conjoined sable.


This item was on the 09-2009 LoAR

8: Gillian MacLachlan de Holrode - New Alternate Name & New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 2003, via the East

Tachibana no Hiromasa

Vert, a crane volant contourney, wings addorsed and elevated, and on a chief argent, three Japanese maple leaves gules.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Culture (Heian period Japanese: 8th-12th c.) most important.

Tachibana was the surname of a clan in the Heian period that claimed to have been descended from Emperor Bidatsu (6th C); it was a noble, but not powerful family by the 9th C [1]. Examples include Tachibana no Narimoto, a late 10th C poet [2], and Tachibana no Norinaga, the son of Tachibana no Norimitsu and poet Sei Shōnagon, 982-1034 [2,3].

no is a particle meaning "of" [4,7].

Hiromasa is a male nanori [4]. Examples include Minamoto Hiromasa (also known as Hakuga no Sammi), poet-musician and grandson of Emperor Daigo, 919-980 [5,6].

The name pattern surname + no + nanori was used in the Heian period [4].

[1] Borgen R. Sugawara no Michizane and the Early Heian Court. Univ. of Hawaii Press, 1994, p. 351. http://books.google.com/books?id=xOt-j6d5bbAC (limited preview).

[2] Cranston EA. A Waka Anthology: Grasses of Remembrance. Stanford Univ. Press, 2006, pp. 551, 1148. http://books.google.com/books?id=3RI7XH8bdMoC (limited preview).

[3] Keene D. Seeds in the Heart: Japanese Literature from Earliest Times to the Late Sixteenth Century. Columbia Univ. Press, 1999, p. 302. http://books.google.com/books?id=_DEwTJq3TbcC (limited preview).

[4] Bryant AJ. "Japanese Names". 2004. http://www.sengokudaimyo.com/miscellany/names.html.

[5] McCullough HC. Genji and Heike: Selections from The Tale of Genji and The Tale of the Heike. Stanford Univ. Press, 1994, p. 472. http://books.google.com/books?id=QfJj1lLzLbEC (limited preview).

[6] Picken L, Wolpert RF. Music from the Tang Court: A Primary Study of the Original, Unpublished, Sino-Japanese Manuscripts, Together with a Survey of Relevant Historical Sources, Both Chinese and Japanese, with a Full Critical Commentary. CUP Archive, 1990, p. 10. http://books.google.com/books?id=Lgs4AAAAIAAJ (limited preview).

[7] Precedent (Fujiwara no Aoi, May 2002 A-East) says that no is registerable in Japanese names "so long as it is not used in a construction that could be viewed as presumptuous." Kingdom is unaware of any implications of presumption in this name, so the particle has been left in.


This item was on the 09-2009 LoAR

9: Griffith Davion - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2008, via the East

Counter-ermine, a bend gules fimbriated and overall a tyger contourny argent.

Precedent says that the combination of a fimbriated ordinary and an overall charge is allowable so long as identifiability is maintained (Faolán Ó Sirideáin, June 2008 A-East).

Correction (2009-May-17 18:05:47): The correct blazon should be Counter-ermine, a bend sinister gules fimbriated and overall a tyger rampant contourny argent.

- Lillia Eastern Crown


This item was on the 09-2009 LoAR

10: Ísgerðr ísungr - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 2009, via the East

Sable, a chevron between in chevron four escarbuncles of six arms and in base a bear statant argent.


This item was on the 09-2009 LoAR

11: Jan Janowicz Bogdanski - New Appeal of Laurel Return of Household Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in August of 1987, via the East

Herbu Podkowa

This same household name was returned on the April 2008 LoAR, for presumption against the mundane Herbu Podkowa, reaffirming prior precedent that "because of the close association of membership in an herb with bearing a particular set of arms, existing herb names may not be registered."

This appeal argues that there was no "close association" between a period herb and a particular coat of arms. There could be more than one herb by the same name, so one name could be associated with multiple coats of arms. Also, because there was no heraldic regulation ("In Poland, with no College of Heralds, there was no authoritative institution where records of ennoblement and entitlement were kept": God's Playground, A History of Poland by Norman Davies, Columbia University Press, New York, 1982; vol. 1 p. 210), the likelihood of two different names being associated with the same coat of arms is pretty high. The submitter didn't use any armory associated with the historical herb, so he argues that his submission isn't presumptuous.

Examples of an herb with multiple instances, each with a different associated device, include Roch ('rook'): Gules, a tower argent, and Argent, a chess-rook sable, and Gules, in pale three [longish, horizontal] billets [of decreasing length], issuant from the topmost a demi-fleur argent; Prus, associated with three different versions of Gules, a rogacina argent; and Brochwicz: Argent, a stag salient gules engorged of a crown argent as well as Argent, a stag salient gules and Azure, a demi-stag salient gules issuant from a decrescent and in sinister base a mullet of six points Or. These are from Herby Rodów Polskich by Paszkiewicza et al. (Orbis Books, London, 1990).

Specific to the herb Podkowa, the website Dynastic Genealogy (http://jurzak.pl/gd/szablony/herbarz.php?lang=en&char=P&nr=3) has three entries for Podkowa. The first one is associated with 19 different families and the arms Azure [or blue-celeste], a horseshoe argent, the second doesn't have any further information listed, and the third is associated with two families (neither of which is in the first list) and the coat of arms Argent, a horseshoe argent between in pale a mullet of six points Or and a sword proper.


This item was on the 09-2009 LoAR

12: Jean Paul Ducasse - New Name & New Device

Per pale Or and gules, two rapiers inverted in saltire argent and overall a fleur-de-lys per pale gules and Or.

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Jean and Paul are both found as masculine given names in "Names from Artois, 1601" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/1601masc.html). Academy of S. Gabriel report 3162 (http://www.s-gabriel.org/3162) says compound given names were rare, but did exist in France by the 16th century. The examples are in standard modern spelling: Jean Marc de Jamart 1601; Jean Robert de Hélin 1582; Jean-Baptiste de Rogres 1581; Jean-Francisque de Selve 1557, 1574; Jean-Jacques de Mesmes 1537, 1539; Jean-Louis Vachot 1588; Jean-Pierre Camus 1579. The source cited is Archives nationales (France), Hommages rendus à la Chambre de France: Chambre des comptes de Paris, série P, XIVe-XVIe siècles: inventaire analytique (Paris: Les Archives: Diffusé par la Documentation française, 1982-1985), volume 1, entries 588, 822, 823, 1762, 1995, 2421, 2422, 2943, 3170, and volume 2, entry 2100.

Ducasse is found as a surname in "Names Found in Commercial Documents from Bordeaux, 1470-1520" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/bordeaux.html), once s.n. Guillame and once s.n. Ramon. It's also found in Dauzat as a header, but no dated examples are given.

The name was originally submitted as Jean-Paul Ducasse; the hyphen was removed in kingdom because commenters believe that its use is post-period.

This device is clear of Sesildi Garces de Leon (04/2003 Trimaris): Per pale Or and gules, a trefoil double-slipped counterchanged, with one CD for the change from a trefoil to a fleur-de-lys and one for the addition of the rapiers. Some commenters in kingdom worried about the lack of contrast of the dexter rapier, but others noted that the field is half metal and half color and thus neutral, and besides, the sinister rapier has good contrast, which helps identify its counterpart.


This item was on the 09-2009 LoAR

13: Lylie of Penhyll - New Name & New Device

Per pale azure and argent, a fleur-de-lys and a bordure semy-de-lys counterchanged.

Lylie is found in R&W s.n. Liley, where a Thomas son of Lylie is dated to 1296.

Penhyll is found in Ekwall s.n. Pensax: "In P[ensax] is Penn Hall [Penhyll II Th, Penhull 1221 Ass]." According to the list of abbreviations, II Th refers to the second volume of the Diplomatarium anglicum edited by Thorpe in 1865. This doesn't help much regarding a date, but Google Books comes to the rescue: a fuller title for the source is Diplomatarium anglicum aevi saxonici: A collection of English charters, from the reign of King AEthelberht of Kent, A. D. DC. V. to that of William the conqueror (http://books.google.com/books?id=CgMnAAAAMAAJ). The spelling Penhyll appears on p. 446, discussing how Bishop Wulfstan acquired lands from King William, who reigned 1066-1087. Ekwall s.n. Pendle (Hill) derives the placename from Welsh pen 'top, hill' and Old English hyll 'hill' [yes, Pendle Hill means 'hill hill hill'] and dates Pennul 1258, Penhul 1305, and s.n. Penhill: Pennell 1155-84, Penle 1202, and Penhill 1577.


This item was on the 09-2009 LoAR

14: Mael Eoin mac Echuid - New Name & New Device

Gyronny argent and sable, a Maltese cross within an orle gules.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (Irish Gaelic) most important.
Culture (very late 12th c. Irish) most important.

Mael Eoin was the name of a "saintly bishop" (OC&M, s.n. Máel Eoin, p. 129). It's found as the name of eight men between 916 and 1243 in Mari Elspeth nic Bryan, "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/MaelEoin.shtml); for example, Mael Eoin, ardepscup Lagen ac ardecnaid (d. 1125) and Mael Eoin h. Crecan arcidechain Tuama (d. 1243). The submitted spelling is the Early Modern Irish Gaelic nominative form.

mac means "son". This, and the construction [single given name] mac [patronymic in genitive case] are documented in "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names" by Sharon Krossa (http://www.medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/#simplepatronymicbyname).

Echuid is listed as a genitive form of the masculine given name Eochaid in Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn's "100 Most Popular Men's Names in Early Medieval Ireland" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/tangwystyl/irish100/). It is the name of at least two Irish saints (OC&M, s.n. Eochaid, pp. 86-7). The name appears 62 times between 465 and 1524 in the Annals Index (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Eochaid.shtml), but this article doesn't list any standardized genitive spellings for this name.

This device is clear of Volkmar Kiver (01/2007 Middle): Per pale sable and Or, a Maltese cross gules, with one CD for the field and one for adding the orle. It's also clear of Bryan Abela (07/1990 Caid): Vairy sable and argent, a Maltese cross within a bordure gules, with one CD for the field and another for the change in type of the peripheral charge. It's well clear but reminiscent of Seymour the Skeptic (02/1996 Trimaris): Per bend sinister argent and Or, a Maltese cross within an orle vert (CDs for field, tincture of primary, and tincture of peripheral) and of David de Clermunt (01/2005 Middle): Gyronny argent and sable, a cross formy gules within a bordure counterchanged (CDs for type of cross and type and tincture of peripheral). Kingdom is unsure about Marke von Mainz (07/1991 Ansteorra): Gyronny argent and sable, a cross moline and a bordure gules. There's one CD for the change from a bordure to an orle, but commenters were unable to find any precedent concerning moline vs. Maltese crosses.


This item was on the 09-2009 LoAR

15: Mary of the Stuwes - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in December of 2004, via the East

Argent, a chevron couped and in chief an annulet sable.

Kingdom immediately and overwhelmingly thought "Stargate", but defers to Wreath and the College on the question of protection or obtrusive modernity of the TV show's glyph/logo/thingamabob.


This item was on the 09-2009 LoAR

16: Naomi bat Avraham - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2009, via the East

Per pale Or and azure, a tree blasted and couped and a bordure counterchanged.

Her name was registered in Jan. 2009, via the East.

Her original device submission (Per pale Or and azure, a tree blasted and couped counterchanged) was withdrawn by the submitter and returned on the Dec. 2008 LoAR because the tree's trunk was so short as to resemble a bush, and the submitter did not want a bush. The return also noted a conflict with Mirwen Havenwood (11/1981 Caid): Per pale Or and azure, an oak tree eradicated per pale vert and argent, with just one CD for the change in tincture of the tree. This submission adds a bordure to clear this conflict.


This item was on the 09-2009 LoAR

17: Naomi bat Avraham - Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2009, via the East

(Fieldless) A tree blasted and couped per pale Or and azure.

Her name was registered in Jan. 2009, via the East.

This badge was withdrawn by the submitter and returned on the Dec. 2008 LoAR to avoid reblazon and registration as a bush. This resubmission features a longer trunk to make it clearly a tree.


This item was on the 09-2009 LoAR

18: Robin Gallowglass - Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 1993, via the East

(Fieldless) On a hand apaumy quarterly gules and Or, four roundels counterchanged.

His previous badge submission of (Fieldless) A hand apaumy argent charged with the letters 'He' gules was returned on the June 2004 LoAR (R-East) for obtrusive modernity. This submission features roundels in place of letters to fix this problem.


This item was on the 09-2009 LoAR

19: Robin Gallowglass - Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 1993, via the East

(Fieldless) A fleur-de-lys pean.

His previous submission of this badge was returned on the April 2003 LoAR (R-East) because the ermine spots were too small. This submission features fewer, larger ermine spots to fix this problem.


This item was on the 09-2009 LoAR

20: Rowan Orr - New Name & New Device

Per pale vert and argent, a tree couped counterchanged.

Rowan is the submitter's legal given name. The consulting herald attests that she has seen her Social Security card as confirmation. (The submitter is too young to have a driver's license.)

Orr is a surname found in Black s.n. Orr, dated in this spelling to 1296.

This device is clear of Johann Berndt (06/1994 Drachenwald): Per pale vert and argent, a pine tree couped and in chief two towers counterchanged, with one CD for the removal of the towers and another for the difference between a generic round tree and a pine tree. It is also clear of Mirwen Havenwood (11/1981 Caid): Per pale Or and azure, an oak tree eradicated per pale vert and argent, with one CD for the change of the field, and another for reversing the tinctures of the tree.


This item was on the 09-2009 LoAR

21: Toki Redbeard - Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2008, via the East

(Fieldless) A chevron wavy couped paly wavy argent and sable.

His previous submission of this badge was returned for a redraw on the March 2008 LoAR (R-East) due to lack of identifiability. This submission features more repeats of the paly wavy to hopefully correct this problem.


This item was on the 09-2009 LoAR

22: Wentliana Bengrek - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2008, via the East

Purpure, three pegasi segreant argent.


Bibliography

Bahlow, Hans; translated by Edda Gentry. Dictionary of German Names, 2nd ed. Max Kade Institute, Madison, Wisconsin, 2002.

Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland. New York Public Library, 1989.

Brechenmacher, Josef Karlmann. Etymologisches Wörterbuch der Deutschen Familiennamen. C.A. Starke-Verlag, Limburg, 1957-60.

Dauzat, Albert and Marie-Thérèse Morlet. Dictionnaire étymologique des noms de famille et prénoms de France. Librairie Larousse, Paris, 1989.

Ekwall, Eilert. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names. Fourth edition. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1991.

Ó Corraín, Donnchadh and Fidelma Maguire. Irish Names. Lilliput Press, Dublin, 1990.

Paul Wickenden of Thanet. A Dictionary of Period Russian Names. 3rd edition. SCA, Inc., 2000.

Reaney, P.H. and R. M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. Third edition, Oxford University Press, 1995.


OSCAR counts 6 New Names, 2 New Name Changes, 1 New Alternate Name, 1 New Household Name, 10 New Devices and 3 New Badges. These 23 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $69 for them. OSCAR counts 2 Resub Devices and 4 Resub Badges. These 6 items are not chargeable. There are a total of 29 items submitted on this letter.

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