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East LoI dated 2009-03-18

Unto Olwyn Laurel, Istvan Wreath, Aryanhwy Pelican, the SCA College of Arms, and all others who do receive this letter, greetings from Brunissende Dragonette de Brocéliande, Blue Tyger Herald issuing here her last + 1 xLoI.

This letter was written by Julia soon-to-be former Eastern Crown and finalized by myself. It contains submissions that had been previously pended in Kingdom.

It is the intent of the Easterners to register the following items.

Unless otherwise noted, the submitter has no desire for authenticity, allows any changes, and allows a holding name.

This item was on the 07-2009 LoAR

1: Aedan Makkynon - New Name & New Device

Per pale sable and argent, a raven contourny counterchanged.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.

He cares most about "Scotts"; no checkboxes are marked.

Aedan appears as a Welsh masculine name in Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn's "The First Thousand Years of British Names", Appendix V: Given names from the Llandav charters (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/tangwystyl/british1000/appendix4_5.html). The exact date isn't given, but the material comes from the 6th to 10th centuries. According to Arval Benicoeur's "Concerning the Names Aidan, Aédán, Aodh, and the Like" (http://medievalscotland.org/problem/names/aidan.shtml), there were at least two 6th and 7th century Irish saints named Áedán, but the name went out of use after the 10th century, and the saint's name was spelled differently (Aodhán) in later period Irish. (It's impossible to tell which footnote/reference goes with which statement, but the following are cited: Withycombe, OCM, Woulfe, The Catholic Encyclopedia's entries on St. Aidan of Lindisfarne and St. Aedan of Ferns, and The Annals of the Four Masters.) The original documentation based Aedan on Aed, a header in Black (p. 9), identified as "one of the most popular of Gaelic names", and dated to 942 and c. 1150 in this spelling, and on Aidan, also a header in Black (p. 10), identified as a diminutive of Aed, and dated in the header spelling to c. 608.

Makkynon is dated to 1536 in Black p. 531 s.n. Mackinnon.

The submitted name probably has two steps from period practice, one for temporal disparity and one for language combination (Irish or Welsh and Anglicized Scottish Gaelic). The simplest fix would be to use the later-period form of the saint's name, Aodhán, but this may qualify as a change in language, and the submitter does not allow major changes. Kingdom is unsure if it really is a change in language, given the saint's name allowance, so the name has been forwarded unchanged for Pelican's delectation.


This item was on the 07-2009 LoAR

2: Finnghuala Rowan - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 2008, via the East

Per bend sinister gules and sable, a dog passant argent spotted sable between in bend two hearts ermine.

The American Kennel Club's Dalmatian breed history (http://www.akc.org/breeds/dalmatian/history.cfm) says in part: "They have been found painted on walls of tombs running behind Egyptian chariots and mentioned in letters written in the mid-1500s from a poet named Jurij Dalmatin to a Bohemian duchess. A fresco in the Spanish Chapel of Santa Maria Novella in Florence, Italy painted around 1360 shows a spotted dog of the Dalmatian type." This documents Dalmatian-like dogs to period, but not the term "Dalmatian" itself, and the modern breed apparently can have brown spots as well as black, so the dog has been blazoned as "argent spotted sable".


This item was on the 07-2009 LoAR

3: István Nyiregyhazi - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in August of 1998, via the East

Per chevron ploye throughout Or and sable, an alquerques board Or and in chief two flowers gules slipped and leaved vert.

His previous device submission, originally blazoned the same as this one, was returned on the Oct. 2004 LoAR (R-East) because the emblazon gave the "unmistakable impression" of three co-primary charges, and thereby conflicted with Sine Ealasaid Leanora Kyntire (June 1983 West): Per chevron Or and sable, two roses gules, barbed and seeded proper, and a cup Or, with just one CD for changing the cup to a game board. The return strongly implied (but didn't explicitly state) that smaller and therefore secondary flowers would clear the cited conflict. However, current precedent holds that regardless of size, the flowers can't be secondary (Jan. 2008 LoAR - Pends: Ia ingen Áeda): two types of charges on either side of a line of division are always co-primary. (No information is given about why this is so, or what part of the rules or what aspect of period practice the precedent is based on.) This creates something of a quandary here: per instructions, the flowers have been redrawn so they're much too small to be co-primary, and yet precedent declares them so. The question is sufficiently murky that kingdom is "passing the buck", and asking for clarification of the precedent.


This item was on the 07-2009 LoAR

4: Meryck O'Brian - New Name & New Device

Vert, a phoenix Or and in base three goutes in pile inverted argent.

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Spelling most important.

Originally submitted as Marek O'Brien, the name has been changed at kingdom to make it registerable.

The surname was originally submitted as O'Brien, which is only found in Woulfe (p. 442 s.n. O Briain) as a post-period Anglicized form; under Mac Briain on p. 323 the only italicized (late- or just-post-period) spelling given is M'Brian. The submitted O'Brien has therefore been changed to O'Brian to better match the available documentation.

Meryck is dated to 1563 (as a surname) in Bardsley s.n. Merrick; as a given name, he has Meurik Hen. III - Edw. I, and other patronymic spellings include Meriche 1379, Miricheson 1379, Mericke 1550, Merricke, Mayrick, or Maericke 1582, and Merrick 1610. R&W s.n. Merrick has Meurich 1187 and Meuricus 1207 as given names, and ap Meuric 1391, Merrycke 1545 as surnames. R&W says it's from Meuric, the Welsh form of Maurice. A combination of Anglicized Irish with either English or Welsh is a step from period practice, but registerable (Gareth McGilchrist, 11/04; and Ryan de Caergybi, 05/03).

The given name was originally submitted as Marek, documented as either a Polish form of Marcus ("Polish Given Names in Nazwiska Polaków" by Walraven van Nijmegen, http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/walraven/polish/), or a Russian masculine name meaning 'destruction' and dated to either 1143 (Wickenden 2nd ed.) or 1558 (Wickenden 3rd ed.). Based on precedents disallowing lingual mixes like Russian + Gaelic or Polish + English, kingdom believes the submitted combination is not registerable. The submitted Marek has therefore been changed to Meryck, as specifically allowed by the submitter.


Here ends, in this beautiful Feast day of Sts. Trophimus & Eucarpius, this East Kingdom letter of intent.

Yours in service,

Brunissende

(Soon-to-be former) Blue Tyger Herald

blue.tyger@eastkingdom.org

Bibliography

Bardsley, Charles Wareing. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames. Oxford University Press, London, 1901.

Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland. New York Public Library, 1989.

Ó Corraín, Donnchadh and Fidelma Maguire. Irish Names. Lilliput Press, Dublin, 1990.

Oxford English Dictionary, compact edition. Oxford University Press, 1971.

Paul Wickenden of Thanet. "A Dictionary of Period Russian Names", 2nd ed. http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/paul/.

Paul Wickenden of Thanet. A Dictionary of Period Russian Names, 3rd edition. SCA, Inc., 2000.

Reaney, P.H. and R. M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. Third edition, Oxford University Press, 1995.

Withycombe, E.G. The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names. Third edition. Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1979.

Woulfe, Patrick. Sloinnte Gaedheal is Gall. Irish Names and Surnames. M.H. Gill & Son, Dublin, 1923.


OSCAR counts 2 New Names and 3 New Devices. These 5 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $15 for them. OSCAR counts 1 Resub Device. This item is not chargeable. There are a total of 6 items submitted on this letter.

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