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An Tir LoI dated 2017-09-10

Unto the Laurel Sovereign of Arms and College of Arms greetings,

Please find herein the An Tir submissions for this month.

1: Annora of River Haven - New Device

OSCAR finds the name on the An Tir LoI of May 31, 2017 as submitted.

Per chevron inverted purpure and argent semy of oak leaves vert, a swallow volant argent.

A previous version of this device was returned at the Kingdom level on May 31, 2017 with the following text:

"The swallow here is in an unblazonable orientation: neither entirely volant, which would be more truly horizontal, nor entirely volant bendwise sinister, which would be more truly diagonal. It is drawn in a slightly three-dimensional way, which may be contributing to the posture issue. Upon resubmission, the submitter should use a clear and blazonable orientation for the swallow."

No conflicts found.


2: Annora of River Haven - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name on the An Tir LoI of May 31, 2017 as submitted.

(Fieldless) A swallow volant argent bearing in its beak an oak leaf vert

A previous version of this badge was returned at the Kingdom level on May 31, 2017, along with the device and probably sharing its return text, below:

"The swallow here is in an unblazonable orientation: neither entirely volant, which would be more truly horizontal, nor entirely volant bendwise sinister, which would be more truly diagonal. It is drawn in a slightly three-dimensional way, which may be contributing to the posture issue. Upon resubmission, the submitter should use a clear and blazonable orientation for the swallow.".

No conflicts found.


3: Conrad Hartmut - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No changes.

DMNES sn. Conrad

(http://dmnes.org/cite/Conrad/1332/SBGlatzer)

Conrad, masculine name recorded in Middle High German.

At Klodzko, Poland. Dated 1332.

DMNES sn. Hartmut

(http://dmnes.org/cite/Hartmut/1293/UrkHeil1)

Hartmut, masculine name recorded in Middle High German.

At Heilbronn, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Dated 1293.

As per SENA Appendix A - unmarked patronymics in German require no further documentation.


4: Eilíf Stefánsdóttir - New Name & New Device

Quarterly argent and azure, two ladies slipper orchids argent pouched gules, slipped vert

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Culture (Must be Viking) most important.

Submitted at Kingdom as Eilíf Stevensdóttir however no source was provided for Steven and as Michael Gerard Curtememoire mentions in commentary;

http://dmnes.org/name/Stephen, admittedly post-Viking, does not show a form with V in any Nordic language, so it is unlikely the submitted patronymic is valid.

Eilíf is found in Lena Peterson's Nordiskt runnamnslexikon, referenced on the Viking Answer Lady website <http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONWomensNames.shtml#e>. See attached.

Stefán is found in Geir Bassi, also referenced on the Viking Answer Lady Website <http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONMensNames.shtml#s>

Device commentary supplied by Michael Gerard Curtememoire;

This would not be the defining instance for the College of a ladyslipper orchid. That honor belongs to Jacques Martel de Normande, called the Jovial, Aug 1979, Argent, an Asian ladyslipper orchid slipped and leaved sable between three double-bitted battleaxes azure. [Paphiopedulum sp.], our only registration. Nevertheless, the charge thus qualifies under both the first two categories of "Items which have not been registered in over a decade, [or] have only been registered a few times ... may need to be documented": http://heraldry.sca.org/sena.html#A2A.

Submitter will want to document Cypripedium calceolus, native to Europe (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cypripedium_calceolus confirmed by last citation in this comment), rather than the genus cited by Jacques in 1979, which is native only to India and points east (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paphiopedilum). Fortunately, the OED provides evidence just within period, from my namesake:

1. Originally: the Eurasian orchid Cypripedium calceolus, the large flower of which has a yellow lip that is deeply pouched and slipper-shaped, with contrasting maroon petals. ...

1597 J. Gerard Herball ii. cvii. 359 Ladies Slipper groweth vpon the mountaines of Germanie, Hungarie, and Poland. I have a plant thereof in my garden.

The entry is "lady's slipper, n." I have applied the period spelling in my blazon above (as corrected).

A few images supporting the emblazon will be found at http://orchidees-alsace.hautetfort.com/cypripedium-calceolus-sabot-de-venus.html.

No conflicts found.


5: Eilíf Stefánsdóttir - New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Per pale argent and azure, a lady's slipper orchid counterchanged

See comment on the charge under the previous item in this letter.


6: Gizela of Nitra - New Name & New Device

Argent, a winged fox courant wings elevated and addorsed gules, a bordure counter-ermine

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Culture (9th C Great Moravia) most important.

Tir Righ Submission

Gizela - Academy of St Gabriel report #1061 (http://s-gabriel.org/1061) dates this spelling to 1025 as a germanic name

Nitra - Wikipedia article (attached) indicates this place name dates back to the 9th century

SENA Appendix C indicates that German names are compatible with North Slavic names (which should include the Old Slavic spoken in Great Maravia)

In addition, commenters found the following additional documentation:

Juraj Hladký, (2008). "Z historickej slovenskej hydronymie a ojkonymie - Nitrava či Nitra?" [From the historical slovak hydronymy and ojconymy - Nitrava or Nitra?] Ономастичні науки volume 2, 2008, pp. 76-80 has on page 78 the following 9th century examples:

(http://dspace.nbuv.gov.ua/handle/123456789/39205)

"sancte Nitrauensis ecclesie" 826

"...in loco vocata Nitraua..." 826

"Nitraua" 870, 871

And the English summary p. 80 gives the English form of the name as Nitra.

Kiss Lajos (Hungarian placename tome) s.n. Nyitra (my translation, skipping sources):

Nyitra 'Slovakian city southeast of Trnava; Nitra' [1111: "in civitate Nitrie" (= in Nitra city)]. The place called Nitrava in Old Slovak [circa 841] got its name from the river [1075/+1124/+1217: Nitra] next to which it lies. The river-name likely comes from a germanic (Quadi) *Nitrahwa. The first element of this is probably the pre-CE *neid- ~ *nid- 'it flows, streams'; for the second element, compare Gothic ah)a 'river, water'. {The ) stands for a character -- or printing error -- that looks like something between a high/tall comma and a midget closing parenthesis.} The old Slovak form Nitrava became Nyitra in Hungarian, and this was transferred back to Slovak, compare modern Slovak Nitra 'city and river Nitra'.

Fehértói s.n. Gisela has a bewildering variety of spellings, but none of them the submitted Gizela:

°Gisela, Geizla, Gisla, Gilla, Kesla, Kesula, Kisila, Kisla [996-997]/1070-1080: Gillam nomine sibi in matrimonio sociavit; [cr996-997]/cr1116: Gislam nomine sibi in matrimonio sociavit; cr1000>1277: corona Kesule regine beate memorie ...; [1023-1038]/XV: Kesla regina divina; 1031: a Stephano rege et Gisla regina ...; [1031-1038]>XVI: Stephanus Vngarorum rex ... Berno pro eius et uxoris Giselae salute ...; Stephanus rex Ungarorum et Kisila regina; +1082 [XIII]: ... per reginam Geyzla; +1212/1372: Kesla regina Hungarie ...; +1214/1334: unum funiculum emptum a Kesula filio Pangracii; 1217: coronam beate memorie Regine Gysele; 1222: coronam beate memorie Regine Gysle; 1232: ... regina Gysla ...; 1272/1272: per coronam Gysle regine ...; 1277: in recompensiationem auree corone Kesule regine ...; 1282-1285: Kysla regina ... cum regina Kisla.

(portions of some of the context quotes as well as the source abbreviations ommitted)

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1734/2017-09-09/19-07-14_Gizela_name0001.jpeg
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1734/2017-09-09/19-07-16_Gizela_name0002.jpeg


7: Lerthan inghean Uilliam - New Name Change From Holding Name

OSCAR NOTE: the old name was registered in November of 2001, via An Tir.

Old Item: Laurie of Terra Pomaria, to be released.
Submitter desires a feminine name.
Meaning most important.

A previous submission, <Luaithren bean Seabhcir>, was returned via An Tir in the November 2001 LOAR.

Lerthan is dated to 773 (latest) and Uilliam to 1302 (earliest), both in Ireland. Both elements are found in "Index of Names in Irish Annals" by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (Kathleen M. O'Brien) at http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Lerthan.shtml for <Lerthan> and http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Uilliam.shtml for <Uilliam>

Commentary from Michael Gerard Curtememoire;

Regrettably, the dates given for the two names are a quarter-century too far apart from the half-millennium allowed by http://heraldry.sca.org/sena.html#PN2C2a. Whether Ó Corráin & Maguire's reference to the name as pre-14th-c. according to other submitters of the name can be verified I do not know; a precise citation might do the trick. Moreover, if we can trust https://www.britannica.com/biography/William-Wallace that Uilleam Uallas, better known to us Sassenachs as William Wallace, was born c. 1270, we should be able to establish <Uilleam> or some variant in Scots Gaelic just within the required interval from <Lerthan>.

Were I submitter, I think I'd want it sent up with an appeal for justification from a deeper bench than this lone Googler. Or perhaps just access to Ó Corráin & Maguire!.

As the submitter allows any changes I felt it better to send it up rather than return it due to this submission herald not having access to the book Michael mentions.


8: Oliver Gelert - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Meaning (Gelert refers to the fabled hound of Llewelyn the Great) most important.

Oliver: "England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975," database, FamilySearch Batch number C13140-1

(https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J9WM-6X1 : 30 December 2014), Oliver Lawrence, 23 Aug 1612; citing WEST FARLEIGH,KENT,ENGLAND, reference ; FHL microfilm 992,519

Gelert: "England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975," database, FamilySearch Batch number P01110-1

(https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:V5G5-P5W : 30 December 2014), Tabathie Gelert, 09 Jan 1632; citing HOLY TRINITY MICKLEGATE,YORK,YORK,ENGLAND, reference ; FHL microfilm 942.74 Y1 V26BA.


9: Rapheal the Rogue - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1984, via Atenveldt.

(Fieldless) A stag's head erased sable attired Or

A mirror image of this device, "(Fieldless) A stag's head erased contourny sable attired Or," was returned at the Kingdom level on March 31, 2017 with the following text:

"We believe this design conflicts with Argent, an elk's head couped close contourny sable, registered to Mungo Mor in September 2015. There is a single DC for a fieldless vs. fielded design. Although Rapheal's elk's attires are a different tincture, they do not carry half the visual weight of the charge and thus cannot count for difference (for changing at least half the tincture, per SENA A.5.G.3.a). Drawing the elk with significantly larger attires might clear this conflict.".

No conflicts found.


In service,

Baroness Caitrina inghean Aindriasa, Lions Blood Herald

"Quarterly gules and sable, a winged fox sejant argent."


OSCAR counts 4 New Names, 3 New Devices and 3 New Badges. These 10 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $40 for them. OSCAR counts 1 New Holding Name Change. This item is not chargeable. There are a total of 11 items submitted on this letter.

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