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Æthelmearc LoI dated 2017-04-17

Unto Andrewe Laurel, Brunissende Wreath, Alys Pelican, Cormac Beare, and the distinguished members of the College of Arms, greetings from Madoc Garnet and Saiman Cornelian. This is Æ191, which includes elements from our most recent internal letter as well as some older elements that had been pended at kingdom level. I would like to thank the many members who assisted with our internal commentary and research, as well as Elsbeth Wulffeld, Dagonell White Horn, Elen Woderose, and Myfanwy ferch Rhiannon for walking me through both commenting meetings and decision meetings.

1: Alana MacLeland - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2001, via Æthelmearc.

Gules, chapé ployé, a cat sejant regardant argent and a chief embattled gules.

Herald of Record: Elsbeth Anne Roth (elsbeth@pobox.com)


2: Alesonne Motherwell - New Name & New Device

Per pale purpure and sable, a triquetra interlaced with an annulet and in chief two estoiles Or.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Meaning (Client is fine with adding an article) most important.

Alesonne is from Mari's Names From Old Edinburgh, 1597-1598 (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/Edinburgh).

Motherwell is from Black, Surnames of Scotland, n.sn. Motherwell; dated form is John de Motherwell in 1244. Name appears in online copy of Black, page 614 in that edition, s.n. Motherwell. (https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015011274175;view=1up;seq=27).

Byname as dated is "de Motherwell", without the "de" has other spellings (Moderwell, Modrell, Modderwell, Moderall, Modervell).

Motherwell is a town in Scotland. Under the spelling of "Moderwelt", it appears on a map of Scotland printed in the Netherlands sometime between 1583 and 1611. The map can be viewed here: http://maps.nls.uk/view/00002331.

Submitter is fine with adding/deleting elements (such as "de" or "of" or "the") or modifying the language as long as the changes are small.


3: Benedict Sutton - New Name

No major changes.
Language (None stated) most important.
Culture (None stated) most important.

Herald of Record: Saiman Tokushou

Benedict Hadghen, male, married 1598, Winthorpe, Lincoln, England. Batch no. M05488-3 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NFQK-93D)

Benedict - "Masculine Given Names Found in the 1332 Lay Subsidy Rolls for Lincolnshire, England (sorted Alphabetically)" by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (Kathleen M. O'Brien). https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/LincLSR/GivenMasculineAlpha.html lists Benedict as a given name.

Anthonie Sutton, male, christened 1598, South Ferriby, Lincoln, England. Batch no. C03150-1 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NGVR-S4W).

Sutton - "An Index to the 1523 Subsidy Roll for York and Ainsty, England" by Karen Larsdatter (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/york16/bynamesalphabetically.htm) lists Sutton as a byname.


4: Cadwallon Sanctus Germanus - New Name & New Device

Vair en pointe vert and Or, on a chief Or, a bear passant sable muzzled argent.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Culture (Cornish) most important.

Herald of Record: Kathryn MacLuing

Cadwallon: From "Personal Names in the Domesday Book: Cornwall" by Constanza of Thamesreach (Genny Grim), Phillimore translation of Caduualant. https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/constanza/domesdaycornwall.html.

Cadwallon is dated to 625 C.E. by John T. Koch in Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia. Vol. 1, pp. 315-7 (see attached.)

Variants include:

Bede's "Ecclesiastical History of the English", Book II Section XX has the spelling Cadwalla or Cædwalla. (https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/basis/bede-book2.asp)

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle has Cadwallan. A.S. 633: "Her wearð Eadwine cining ofslagan. fram Cadwallan 7 Pendan on Heðfelda on ii idus Octobris 7 he rixade .vii. gear. 7 eac man sloh his sunu Osfrið mid him. 7 þa syððan foran Ceadwala 7 Penda 7 fordydan eall Norðhymbra land." (https://books.google.com/books?id=7ohZcDptvZUC&pg=PA24&lpg=PA24&dq=%22Her+wear%C3%B0+Eadwine+cining+ ofslagan.+fram+Cadwallan+%22&source=bl&ots=wdoVwXqf6O&sig=d_QjvnDhdlXIPhw9CKwOuHehcQY&hl=en&sa=X&ve d=0ahUKEwiUh9mg7erSAhVP5mMKHZrRBPoQ6AEIGjAA#v=onepage&q=Cadwallan%20&f=false)

Sanctus Germanus: Cornwall town of St. German, found as Sanctus Germanus (c.994-1259) in the Cambridge Dictionary of English Place Names.

Welsh grammar, according to http://heraldry.sca.org/names/welsh13.html, "A Simple Guide to Constructing 13th Century Welsh Names", and/or http://heraldry.sca.org/names/welsh16.html, "A Simple Guide to Constructing 16th Century Welsh Names (in English Contexts)" is to simply put the name of the place after the given name.

Using a Latin version, we get <Cadwallon de Sancto Germano>.

A Lingua Anglica proposal, using <of> with the modern location name, produces <Cadwallon of St. German>.

One commenter pointed out that the Cornish according to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St_Germans,_Cornwall is <Lannaled>. See the image below from The South West to 1000 AD by Malcolm Todd (Routledge, 2014) for a medieval usage. Therefore, using the Welsh place name and Welsh grammar produces <Cadwallon Lannaled>.

As the submitter is most interested in Cornish culture, and allows both major and minor changes, we ask the College for a consensus on the best option.

Herald of Record: Kathryn MacLuing

Device was redrawn to make the chief larger, reduce the size and number of the vairs, and make the bear recognizable. Client has approved the new artwork.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=837/2017-04-17/07-12-42_cadwallon_1.jpg
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=837/2017-04-17/07-12-42_cadwallon_2.jpg
#3 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=837/2017-04-17/07-12-42_cadwallon_3.png


5: Dagr Skytja Rauðsson - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (None stated) most important.
Culture (None stated) most important.

Herald of Record: Kathryn MacLuing

Dagr: From "Viking Names found in Landnámabók" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Uckelman). http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/landnamabok.html

Skytja: Found on page 27 of Geirr Bassi. Also a by-name from "Viking Names found in Landnámabók" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Uckelman). http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/landnamabok.html

Rauðsson: Patronymic formed using techniques from "A Simple Guide to Creating Old Norse Names" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Uckelman). http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/sg-viking.html. Rauðr appears in "Viking Names found in Landnámabók" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Uckelman). http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/landnamabok.html.


6: Fede di Fiore - Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in June of 2015, via Æthelmearc.

(Fieldless) A rabbit's head cabossed argent breathing flames proper

Herald of Record: Aindreas MacGuille; Fhionntaigh a' Ghaoithe Argiod

The original submission, Gules, a rabbit's head cabossed argent jessant-de-lys inverted Or, was returned by Laurel in June 2015 for violating SENA A2C1 which requires that "Elements must be drawn in their period forms and in a period armorial style." Precedent already indicates that the use of any head other than a lion's or leopard's head jessant-de-lys remains a step from period practice and this design introduces another anomaly for the jessant-de-lys design: the inversion of the fleur-de-lys. Neither the submitter not the commenters provided period evidence for a jessant-de-lys where the head would be in its default upright position and the fleur-de-lys inverted. Thus, barring period documentation, this design is not registerable.

This is a minor redesign to correct the issue.

The new design may conflict with Eógan Mac Ailpein, (July 1999 via Atlantia): (Fieldless) A hare's head cabossed argent.

Sea Stag was awesome enough to secure permission to conflict from Baron Eógan. The actual memo is in the packet:

I, xxxxxxxxxx, known in the SCA as Eogan Mac Alpein, give xxxxxxxxxxxxx, known in the SCA as Fede di Fiore, permission for their armory "(Fieldless) A rabbit's head cabossed argent breathing flames proper." to look similar to, but not identical to, my armory, "(Fieldless) A hare's head cabossed argent". I understand that this permission cannot be withdrawn once Fede's armory is registered.

The submission is also close to Donnan Mac Dhuibhshíthe (badge registered April 2016 via AEthelmearc): (Fieldless) A sword gules surmounted by a coney's head cabossed and attired argent. It should be clear by SC, as Donnan's rabbit head is an overall charge.


7: Gráinne Shionnach - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 2014, via Æthelmearc.

Azure, a fox contourny reguardant, in chief an increscent Or pierced by an arrow fesswise argent.

Herald of Record: Saiman Tokushou


8: Hrólfr Tyrfingsson - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No changes.
Language (None stated) most important.
Culture (None stated) most important.

Herald of Record: Kathryn MacLuing

Hrólfr: Male given name found on page 11 of Gier Bassi. Also found at "Viking Names found in Landnámabók" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Uckelman). http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/landnamabok.html.

Tyrfingsson: Tyrfingr is a male given name found on page 15 of Gier Bassi. The patronymic is formed using the guide on page 17. This gibes with techniques from "A Simple Guide to Creating Old Norse Names" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Uckelman). http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/sg-viking.html. Tyrfingr appears in "Viking Names found in Landnámabók" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Uckelman). http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/landnamabok.html.


9: Keistutus Prus Andrzejewski - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in June of 2015, via Æthelmearc.

Gules, a serpent glissant palewise argent maintaining in its mouth a sun Or eclipsed sable, all between an increscent and a decrescent Or.

Herald of Record: Aindreas MacGuille; Fhionntaigh a' Ghaoithe Argiod

The name on the forms is not the same as the name passed by Laurel in 2015. I have used the registered name here.

---

The previous device, Gules, a serpent involved Or, devouring a sun beamed Or eclipsed sable, was returned by Laurel in June 2015 for conflict with the device of Alexander le Browere: Per pale sable and vert, a serpent involved in annulo Or. There is a difference for the field but although involved versus involved in annulo is a blazonable difference, it does not provide a second DC. There is no difference for the maintained sun.

This is a moderate redesign to correct the issue.


10: Lugaid Ó Cellaich - New Name & New Device

Paly sable and argent, on a pale vert a spear argent.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Sound (None stated) most important.

Herald of Record: Kathryn MacLuing

Lugaid: From 100 Most Popular Men's Names in Early Medieval Ireland, (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/irish100.html).

Ó Ceillaich: From 100 Most Popular Men's Names in Early Medieval Ireland, genitive form of the name Cellach.

Submitted as O'Ceillaich, it was changed at kingdom to Ó Ceillaich based on internal commentary.

Herald of Record: Kathryn MacLuing

There is precedent for an odd number of traits to still be blazoned as "paly", provided there are more than three of each tincture:

http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2007/02/07-02lar.html s.n. Deanna della Penna:

Barring evidence to the contrary, we will grant submitters the benefit of the doubt and will treat multiply divided fields/multiple ordinaries the same way we treat paly and three pallets. This applies to chevronelly/three chevrons, chevronelly inverted/three chevrons inverted, barry/three bars, bendy/three bendlets, and bendy sinister/three scarpes. That is, the two blazons are interchangeable as are the corresponding emblazons.


11: Ruaidri mac Faoláin Ui Chonaill - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (None stated) most important.
Culture (None stated) most important.

Herald of Record: Kathryn MacLuing

Ruaidri: "100 Most Popular Men's Names in Early Medieval Ireland" by Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn (Heather Rose Jones), http://heraldry.sca.org/names/irish100.html

mac Faoláin: Patronymic. Faolán appears in ACADEMY OF SAINT GABRIEL REPORT 2669 (http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi?2669+0). Also ÓCM, _Irish Names_, s.n. Fáelán. Also ÓCorráin & Cournane, "Annals of the Four Masters, vol. 2", six volumes (WWW: CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts: a project of University College, Cork, Ireland, 1997-98), entries M1041.6, M1051.14. (http://www.ucc.ie/celt/online/G100005B.)

mac Faoláin is formed according to "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names", 3rd Edition by Sharon L. Krossa (https://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/). Per the section on Simple Patronymic Bynames, a byname can be formed by adding "mac" (son of) to the genitive form of the father's name. In this case, the genitive form of Faolán is Faoláin.

Ui Chonaill: Patronymic with clan affiliation. Chonaill is found in Donnchadh Ó Corráin and Fidelma Maguire, "Irish Names", pg. 56 header spelling. Formed according to "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names", 3rd Edition by Sharon L. Krossa (https://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/). Per the section on Irish Simple Patronymic with Clan Affiliation Bynames, a clan affiliation following a simple patronymic can be formed thus - <single given name> mac <father's given name (in genitive case & sometimes lenited)> Uí <eponymous clan ancestor's name (in genitive case & always lenited unless starting with a vowel)>.


12: Sigrid Schreiber - New Name & New Device

Per pale gules and azure, a dance Or.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound (as in Germanic (short i in Sigrid, long i in Schreiber)) most important.

Herald of Record: Elsbeth Anne Roth (elsbeth@pobox.com)

Sigrid: From "Swedish Feminine Given Names from SMP" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Friedemann), http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/swedish/smp/. Sigrid in this spelling dates to 1435 (Aghmund), 1515, 1521 (Botolf)

Schreiber: Occupational surname meaning "scribe" or "writer", from "German Names from 1495: Surnames" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Uckelman), http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/german/surnames1495n-s.html.

Per SENA Appendix C, Germanic and Scandinavian name elements can be combined.

Herald of Record: Elsbeth Anne Roth (elsbeth@pobox.com)

Clear of Elena Bertholmeu (device registered May 2003 via Atlantia): Vert, a fess of three conjoined fusils Or by precedent:

"There is another CD for the difference between a dance and a fess of fusils" [Elena Bertholmeu, 05/2003, A-Atlantia].


13: Steinvör hestr - New Name & New Device

Per fess purpure and vert, a horse head issuant from the line of division and a mountain of two peaks Or

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Steinvor can be found in Lind, column 961, s.n. Steinvǫr. Steinvör is also cited in a Nov 2003 precedent of François la Flamme: Maður hét Oddr. Hann bjó í Tungu. Það er í Bitru. Dóttir hans hét Steinvör, væn og vel að sér. Hún var kölluð mjóbeina.

[There was a man named Oddr. He had his farm at Tunga, in Bitra. His daughter was called Steinvör, a pretty girl and well set up. She was called mjóbeina, "slim-leg".]

hestr can be found in Geirr Bassi, pg 22, s.n. hestr, and means horse.

According to Geirr Bassi, the gender of the nickname does not have to agree with the gender of the given name. If possible, would like the o with the stroke instead of plain o.


14: Steven Phelps - New Name Change & New Device Change

OSCAR NOTE: the old name was registered in September of 2011, via Æthelmearc.

Gules, a lion Or charged on the shoulder with a maunche azure and maintaining in its dexter forepaw a rose argent, barbed vert, seeded Or, all within a bordure counter-compony argent and azure.

Old Item: Rodrigo el Rojo, to be retained as an alternate name.
Old Item: Gules, on a pall argent between three castles triple-towered Or, a cross of Santiago gules, to be retained as a badge.
Submitter desires a masculine name.
No holding name.
No changes.

Steven is dated to 1593 according to "Names found in Quedgeley, Glouchestershire Marriage Registers 1559-1600" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Friedemann) located at http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/quedgeley.html.

Phelps is dated to 1596 according to "Names found in Cam, Gloucestershire, Marriage Registers 1569-1600" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Friedemann) located at http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/cam.html.

Steven Phelps, christened 1647, England. Batch no. C15218-1 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N2CM-FX7).

The complexity count is right at 8 (4 tinctures, 4 charges), since barbing and seeding do not count for complexity.

At http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2014/05/14-05cl.html#4: We will not count the tincture of purely artistic details, whether they are blazoned or not. This means a rose proper has only one tincture, gules, as the tincture of the barbing and seeding are considered artistic.

Some commenters thought the maunche was difficult to identify amongst the detail of the lion's fur. Others had no problem identifying the maunche at over arm's length (roughly the 20:1 rule.)


15: Takeda Heitarou Kinsuke - New Name Change & New Device Change

OSCAR NOTE: the old name was registered in February of 2011, via Æthelmearc.

Sable, on a pile inverted between in chief two wings elevated and addorsed Or, a sun azure

Old Item: Donndubán mac Ultáin, to be retained as an alternate name.
Old Item: Argent crusilly potent gules, a dragon passant and a bordure azure, to be retained as a badge.
Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for Japanese.

Family Name – Takeda:

Takeda> is found under Surnames of Daimyou During the Sengoku Period (ca. 1550) in Name Construction in Medieval Japan, Revised Edition by Solveig Throndardottir, 2006, page 37.

Tsuushou (Clan & Birth-Order name) – Heitarou:

Hei- found under Common Tsuushouof Famous Clans in Name Construction in Mediaeval Japan, Revised Edition by Solveig Throndardottir, 2006, page 37.

-tarou – first son found under Thematic Dictionary, Number & Quantity, First Son in Name Construction in Medieval Japan, Revised Edition by Solveig Throndardottir, 2006, page 211.

Nanori (Personal Given Name) – Kinsuke

Kinsuke, 1332 is found under Historic Masculine Nanori, section Ki in Name Construction in Medieval Japan, Revised Edition, by Solveig Throndardottir, 2006, page 338

NOTE: The submitter is specifying to allow intermediate and minor changes. They will accept the addition of a <no> between the family name and tsuushou.

Japanese traditional construction Japanese traditional [Family Name] [Clan plus Birth-Order (tsuushou)] [Personal/Given Name (nanori)] Family name in this case is locative: Kurama [Locative Name] no [Clan/Given Name elements]. However, by the 1400s the particle (using the <no>) was falling out of use [http://www.sengokudaimyo.com/miscellany/names.html].


"We are all hungry and thirsty for concrete images. Abstract art will have been good for one thing: to restore its exact virginity to figurative art." - Salvador Dali

Regards,

Madoc Garnet

Saiman Cornelian


OSCAR counts 9 New Names, 2 New Name Changes, 7 New Devices and 2 New Device Changes. These 20 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $80 for them. OSCAR counts 1 Resub Device and 1 Resub Badge. These 2 items are not chargeable. There are a total of 22 items submitted on this letter.

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