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An Tir KLOI from Tir Righ dated 2017-04-20

Greetings unto Black Lion, Lions Blood and the College of Heralds.

Please find herein this month's submissions for Tir Righ.

Lots of submissions have come in leading up to May Crown so I would greatly appreciate anyone who can help out whether it is conflict checking, double-checking the references to confirm they support the submission, assisting with finding additional references for those which might need additional information, etc.

Commentary on this letter closes on May 19, 2017.

1: Aline de Seez -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 2008, via An Tir.

(Fieldless) A hedgehog rampant azure maintaining an arrow inverted Or.


2: Arianna Freemont -New Name & New Device

Azure, a chevron ermine between three mullets argent and a demi sun Or.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Spelling most important.

Arianna - This name (spelled with one 'N') is discussed in Something Rich and Strange: "Undocumentable" Names From The IGI Parish Records by Alys Mackyntoich (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/SomethingRichardStrange.html) which says "Arianna previously had been documented as an Italian literary given name (Arianna Hunter, 4/2011 LoAR A-Atenveldt), but variant spellings are also found used by real people in England the IGI Parish Records."

ARIANA JAMES Female Christening 24 April 1619 East Newlyn, Cornwall, England Batch: C022522

ARIANA SAUNDERS Female Christening 12 November 1598 Saint Martin In The Fields, Westminster, London, England Batch: P001451

ARIANA TODD Female Christening 2 September 1620 Saint Martin In The Fields, Westminster, London, England Batch: P001451

Although there are no examples of Arianna with the double 'N', it seems plausible as there are several examples of names in the IGI extracts that have variations with both a single and double 'N's such as:

Anna vs Ana

Anna Abias, Christening 22 Apr 1580; Batch: C07001-1 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N56F-CHJ)

Anna Siser, Christening 22 Feb 1617; Batch: C03258-2 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NYPV-QPP)

Ana Willard, Marriage 19 Jun 1576; England, Batch: M01875-4 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NN1P-X5C)

Ana Barnard, Christening 14 Aug 1612; Lincoln, England, Batch: C02664-2 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NGZ5-5P8)

Susanna vs Susana

Susanna Skynner, Christening 28 Mar 1593, Devon, England, Batch: C05057-1 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N5W1-ZJS)

Susanna Slegg, Christening 08 Apr 1610, Cambridge, England, Batch: C07872-1 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NR3M-JQN)

Susana Herson, Christening 15 Dec 1593, Lincoln, England; Batch: C02877-2 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JMCN-T65)

Susana White, Christening Nov 1614; Devon, England, Batch: C05113-1 https://familyseach.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NBS9-D8J)

Marianna vs Mariana

Marianna Geninges, Christening 01 Aug 1564; Essex, England, Batch: C04254-1 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NP3S-24J)

Marianna Tower, Marriage 28 Nov 1621; Devon, England, Batch: M06009-1 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N2SR-BH7)

Mariana Foxe, Christening 16 Mar 1578; Lincoln, England, Batch: P00608-1 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:V5NK-M3F)

Mariana Bradley, Christening 02 Aug 1616; Warwick, England, Batch: C03994-2 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JWZ7-VVF)

Julianna vs Juliana

Julianna Harding, Marriage 17 Aug 1618; Surrey, England, Batch: M06799-2 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NV3K-7QK)

Juliana Jeckell, Christening 24 Jun 1615, Lincoln, England, Batch: C02720-2 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JW4Q-965)

Freemont is also found in the IGI Extracts:

Alice Freemont, burial 29 Mar 1627; Littleport, England, Batch: B03954-9 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JZCR-XMR)

The submitter will accept "Ariana" if "Arianna" cannot be registered.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=558/2017-04-11/22-32-59_Arianna_name_001.jpg
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=558/2017-04-11/22-33-01_Arianna_name_002.jpg


3: Bjorn of Havok -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 1978, .

Fieldless, a Lisberg gripping beast gules.

The use of a Lisbjerg gripping-beast is grandfathered to this submitter whose device "Counter-ermine, a Lisbjerg gripping-beast gules" was registered in March 1978.


4: Cian Ó Ruaidhrí -Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 2015, via An Tir.

Vert, in bend three rapiers bendwise sinister a bordure argent.

Note from Red Flame: The name was entered on the form as Cian O'Ruaidhri, however the name was registered in November of 2015 (via An Tir) as Cian Ó Ruaidhrí so that correction has been made.

The device "Vert, in bend three rapiers bendwise sinister argent" was submitted on the An Tir KLOI dated 2015-06-08 and returned on the November 2015 LoAR:

This device is returned for conflict with the badge of Deaton Claymore: Vert, two claymores in saltire surmounted by a third inverted proper. There is not a substantial change for changing the arrangement as the position and orientation of one sword is identical in both pieces of armory. Thus, there is only one DC for changing the arrangement of the swords.

On redesign, please advise the submitter that swords would be easier to identify if drawn thicker.

The addition of the bordure should clear this conflict.


5: Cyneric the Bere Sone -New Name & New Device

Vert, a bear rampant argent and on a chief Or, three roses proper.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Spelling most important.

Cyneric is found in the PASE database: Cyneric 2 (Male) Minister, fl. 957-962 (http://pase.ac.uk/jsp/DisplayPerson.jsp?personKey=11327)

the Bere Sone is found in the MED s.v. bere (http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED4138) 1.c "a1500(?c1425) Spec.Sacer.(Add 36791) 14/34: Reginald the Bere Sone".

Cyneric the Bear would be okay using the lingua Anglica allowance: R&W s.n. Bear dates Theodoricus le Bere to 1166 and Ralph Bere to 1177.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=558/2017-04-11/22-44-58_Cyneric_name_0001.jpg


6: Galath ab Edwin -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in June of 2016, via An Tir.

Fieldless, a winged boar rampant argent.


7: Jǫfurfriðr Haraldsbani -New Device

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as Jofurfriðr Haraldsbani in June of 2015, via An Tir.

Argent 3 wolves Passant, Regardant, a dexter Tierce Rayony Sable

Note from Red Flame: the name was entered on the form as Jǫfurfriðr Haraldsbana but was registered in June 2015 spelled Jofurfriðr Haraldsbani, so that correction has been made.


8: Mavis Fraoch Cruikshank -New Name & New Device

Per pile argent and azure, two feathers purpure, a cat sejant guardant argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound most important.
Spelling (Scottish) most important.

Note from Red Flame: The name was entered on the form as Mavis 'Fraoch' Cruikshank, however the single quotes seem to be causing OSCAR problems so I have removed them.

Mavis - Early 16th Century Scottish Lowland Names: Women's Given Names - Alphabetical by Sharon L. Krossa (https://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/lowland16/womenalpha.shtml) lists one instance under "Mavis" which is dated to 1533 and spelled "Mawis".

Fraoch - http://www.werelate.org/wiki/Person:Iain_Fraoch_MacDonald_(1) says "Iain Fraoch MacDonald (died 1368) was a younger son of Angus Og of Islay, and founder of Clan MacDonald of Glencoe. "Fraoch" is a nickname which means "the snarling" in the Scottish Gaelic language, although it usually means heather".

"Fraoch in English - translation and definition of "fraoch" Scottish Gaelic-English Dictionary Online" (https://glosbe.com/gd/en/fraoch) states that fraoch is a masculine noun (genitive singular "fraoich" and provides several meanings including "heather - various species of the genus Erica" and "girning expression of countenance; anger" (the submitter included a persona story (see attachment 1) stating she was named after the heather plant.

Cruikshank - Early 16th Century Scottish Lowland Names: Surnames - Alphabetical by Sharon L. Krossa (https://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/lowland16/surnamesalpha.shtml) has the header form "Cruikshank" with the following period spellings (the article notes: An asterisk (*) after a spelling indicates that it was expanded from a non-diplomatic transcription which may have contained errors; unless the same spelling is also listed without an asterisk, these spellings are suspect but still indicate that some (possibly different) form of the name was used in the year(s) indicated.)

Croukschank* 1521 (1)

Cruikschank 1549 (3) , 1550 (1)

Crukschank 1540 (1)

Crukschank* 1502 (1)

Cuikschank* 1502 (1)

Correction to Name (2017-Apr-21 15:04:26): The dated spellings for both Mavis and and Cruikshank are different than the submitted header form. I'd also like to see better support for Fraoch.

Correction to Name (2017-Apr-21 15:04:43): Sorry - that correction should have been a comment. :-(

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=558/2017-04-18/22-58-51_Mavis_name0001.jpeg
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=558/2017-04-18/22-58-53_Mavis_name0002.jpeg
#3 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=558/2017-04-18/22-58-55_Mavis_name0003.jpeg


9: Russell Cam-buel -New Name & New Device

no blazon given

No changes.

The submitter does not allow any changes.

Russell is the submitter's legal given name as shown on his BC driver's license (a copy was included and also verified by Silver Yale Herald).

Cam-buel: Behind the Name for Campbell (https://www.behindthename.com/name/campbell) shows Campbell as a given masculine name and says it is "From a Scottish surname meaning "crooked mouth" from Gaelic cam "crooked" and béul "mouth"."

Useful Clan Campbell Customs To Know by the Clan Campbell Society (https://www.ccsna.org/jsep16b.htm), under Origin of the Campbell Name it says "There are various theories. Usually accepted now is that it comes from the Gaelic "CAM BUEL" meaning "Crooked Mouth" the nickname of Sir Colin Mor's grandfather. One possible modern medical explanation is a form of Torticollis (from the Latin torti, meaning twisted, and collis, meaning neck), or "wry neck", a condition in which the head is tilted toward one side (cervical rotation), and the chin (mouth) is elevated and turned toward the opposite side (cervical extension) thereby producing a "Cam beul" or curved mouth in some cases."

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=558/2017-04-18/23-30-08_Russell_name0001a.jpeg


10: Sadhbh Bheag inghean Toirrdhealbhach -New Name & New Device

no blazon given

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (Ireland, 1450) most important.
Culture (Ireland, 1450) most important.

All parts of this name are found in the Index of Names in Irish Annals by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan.

Sadhbh is found under Sadb/Sadhbh (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Sadb.shtml) with a wide range of dates including between 1440 and 1470.

Bheag is the post 1200 lenited version of the masculine "beag". "Beag" (which means "small") and "Mór" (which means "big") are found in the list of Masculine Descriptive Bynames (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/DescriptiveBynames/index.shtml). "Mhór" is found as a feminine descriptive byname dated to 1395, the lenited version of "Mór" in the list of Descriptive Bynames found in Feminine Names (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/DescriptiveBynames.shtml) so it seems reasonable that "small" would also be used. The Spelling of Lenited Consonants in Gaelic by Sharon L. Krossa (http://medievalscotland.org/scotlang/lenition.shtml) says that after 1200 AD, the initial 'b would be lenited to "bh or b." and provides the example of "Brain" being lenited to "Bhrain or B.rain".

inghean is a patronymic denoting "daughter of ..."

Toirrdhealbhach is found under Tairdelbach/Toirdhealbhach (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Toirdhealbhach.shtml) with a wide range of dates including between 1440 and 1470.


11: Sadhbh Bheag inghean Toirrdhealbhach -New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

no blazon given

Note from Red Flame: No blazon was provided. The 'fieldless' box was not ticked so the assumption is that this is on an argent field.


12: Sigurðr Peterson -New Name & New Device

Quarterly sable and Or, a cross crosletty fitchy counterchanged.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Sound most important.

Both Sigurðr and Petr are found in Old Norse Names by Geirr Bassi (second edition) on page 21. Peterson follows Norse patronymic conventions, single S after vowel.

The submitter will accept the patronymic "Petsson" if "Peterson" is not acceptable.


13: Silvestro del Volpe -New Name & New Device

Gules, a fox passant guardant argent marked sable, on a chief argent three maple leaves gules.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No changes.
Spelling most important.

The submitter has marked no changes also states "Please leave Silvestro and Volpe as is. "del" or "della" are both OK."

Names from Arezzo, Italy, 1386-1528 by Sara L. Friedemann (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/italian/arezzoalpha.html) lists Silvestro with an occurrance of 5.

A Listing of Family names from the Condado Section of the Florence Castasto of 1427 by Juliana de Luna (https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/condado/familyalpha.html) lists del Volpe with an occurrance of 4.


14: Silvestro del Volpe -New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

(Fieldless) On a fox passant guardant argent marked sable, in fess three maple leaves gules.


15: Snorri Hrothundr -New Name & New Device

Sable and argent per pale, greyhound rampant, counter-changed.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Meaning (Any name with 'hound' in it will work/prefer Norse) most important.

First name: Snorri is a well known Norse name for males. The famous Snorri Sturluson being one. Sturluson, Snorri. "Gylfaginning." The Prose Edda. Jean I. Young, trans. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press. 1954. ISBN 0-520-01232-1.

Last name: Lots of names that start with "Hro" in Old Norse Male Names https://www.nordicnames.de/w/index.php?title=Category:Old_Norse_Male_Names&pagefrom=Ho

Hrothgar, Hroarr, Hrodaldr, Hrodbjorn, Hrodi

Many Norse names are a combination of two words:

Hrossbjorn, horse-bear

Hrodmundr, fame-protector

Hrodgisl, fame-offspring

Hrodiwalfaz, fame-wolf

And using "hundr" in conjunction with another word:

Hundolfr, dog-wolf

Hundalfr, dog-elf

The name "Hrothundr" is a combination playing on the word "Hrotgarmr" meaning howling dog to instead make howling wolf. English-to-Old Norse Word Search Results for dog (http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/definitionlookup?type=exact&q=dog&target=non) and The Viking Answer Lady: Viking Pets and Domesticated Animals (http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/vik_pets.shtml#Dogs) both list:

Howling Dog = Hrotgarmr

dog = garmr

dog/hound = hundr

vardhundr = watch-dog

hjardhunder = shepard's dog

mannhundr = man's dog


16: VikingR Eiricksson -New Name & New Device

Sable, a snake wearing a coronet in a Heneage knot and an orle of chain, Or.

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Both names are found in the Viking Answer Lady's Old Norse Men's Names (http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONMensNames.shtml) which gives VíkingR - from GB p. 16 s.n. Víkingr; NR s.n. VíkingR, and Eiríkr - from GB p. 9 s.n. Eiríkr; FJ pp. 76, 343, 350 s.n. Eiríkr, EI-, Ein-, -ríkr; CV p. 499 s.v. ríkr; NR s.n. ÆiríkR, Æi-, RíkR, -ríkR)

Old Norse Names by Geirr Bassi Haraldsson, 2nd ed. has Vikingr on page 23 and Eiríkr on page 16.

The submitter became a Viscount of Tir Righ on Feb 20, 2016 and a Knight of An Tir on Aug 27, 2016 and is thus entitled to both the coronet and the orle of chain.


17: Ylsebeten von Hamburg -New Name & New Device

Ermine, a salamander rampant enflammed proper, an orle azure.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No changes.
Language (16th century northern germany) most important.
Culture (16th century northern germany) most important.

For Ylsebeten: Academy of St. Gabriel Report #2391 (http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi/2391.txt) which dates it to 1381.

For von Hamburg: Women's Surnames in 15th- and 16th-Century Germany by Sara L. Uckelman (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/german/womenssurnames.html)


In service for the love of heraldry,

Alicia Red Flame


OSCAR counts 10 Names, 12 Devices and 5 Badges. There are a total of 27 items submitted on this letter.

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