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Drachenwald ILoI dated 2017-03-12

To all wise and fair gentles who assist our Kingdom with commentary, and every one reading these words, sends Mór Edelweiss her greetings!

Commentary on this letter is due on March 26.

Please note that the Drachenwald Submissions FAQ has been updated extensively and the first complete draft is up at http://www.drachenwald.sca.org/node/144. All feedback is greatly appreciated, please contact me at edelweiss@drachenwald.sca.org.


Lord Stefanu de Mohac, Albion Herald, has published the Drachenwald LoI dated 2017-02-28.

The following submissions were forwarded to Laurel:

Ailitha de Ainwyk - New Device Or, a bear's jambe couped and a chief embattled gules.

Cornelia vom Distelfeld - New Badge Gules, semy of thistles argent.

Cornelia vom Distelfeld - New Badge Or, three chevronels braced and a chief gules.

Emelina of Corofin Castle - New Device Vert, a bend sinister Or and a chief invected argent.

Fenja of Styringheim - New Device Per saltire argent and sable, a poodle rampant and a canton gules.

Ilkka ór Finnmǫrk - New Name

Lia de Thornegge - New Badge Per pale indented sable semy of seeblätter inverted argent and vert mullety argent.

Lucia la Rossa - New Name & New Device Gules, a G-clef and a double tressure Or.

Lucia la Rossa - New Alternate Name Sigþrúðr in rauða

Mór inghean Bhriain - New Badge (Fieldless) On a trefoil gules three bezants.

Piritta Pekantytär - New Name & New Device Per fess wavy azure and argent, three quatrefoils pierced counterchanged.

The following submissions were returned for further work:

Gorm Glupe - New Name & New Device Sable, in pale a boar statant and a key Or and a bordure compony gules and Or.

Gorm Glupe - New Badge Sable, a bodure compony gules and Or.

Ilkka ór Finnmǫrk - New Device Sable, a foot erased contourny Or.


1: Agnes Odygd -New Name & New Device

Vert, a table fork and a flesh hook in saltire within a bordure argent.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound (It should sound like Agnes with a soft gn. Spelling is secondary.) most important.

Agnes is a given name found in a 15th century document in Diplomatarium Fennicum (http://extranet.narc.fi/DF/detail.php?id=3375):

The document, dated 12 April 1469, mentions "hustrv <Agnes Henricx dotter>" who gives away her belongings to her son.

Odygd is a byname found in a 15th century document in Diplomatarium Fennicum (http://extranet.narc.fi/DF/detail.php?id=2221):

The document, dated 19 June 1437, settles an argument between two siblings regarding the ownership of a house and land after their father <Karl Odygd> has passed away.

The blazon has been changed from the proposed Vert within bordure in saltire a table fork and a flesh hook argent.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=162/2017-03-08/09-14-49_Agnes_Odygd_1-name1.jpg
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=162/2017-03-08/09-14-51_Agnes_Odygd_1-name2.jpg


2: Anna af Aarnimetsä -New Alternate Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 2000, via Drachenwald.

Aarnimetsän Mielivalta

No changes.
Language (Finnish) most important.

The alternate name, then mistakenly submitted as a New Name by Anna von Urwald (alternate name of and actively in use by Anna af Aarnimetsä), was previously returned in kingdom in 2016-03-13 (https://oscar.sca.org/kingdom/kingsingleitem.php?kingdom=14&id=62624). <Aarnimetsän> was submitted as based on the branch name <Aarnimetsä> but had to be returned due to Branch Name Allowance (SENA NPN.C.f.) requiring lingua Anglica form "of Branchname". Also the name constrcution pattern was found requiring further documentation. This resubmission addresses the issues.

Aarnimetsän Mielivalta is a properly constructed Finnish rendering of "Mielivalta of Aarnimetsä", consisting of the given name <Mielivalta> and locative <Aarnimetsä> in its genitive form <Aarnimetsän>. The construction of having the byname precede the given name appears to be at least Finnic in origin, quite possibly going as far as Finno-Ugric (considering it continues to exist in Hungary).

Mielivalta is a Finnish given name found in Vanhat nimityyppimme (Finnish Names) by Kerttu Katariinantytär Roisko (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/FinnishNamesArticle.htm):

s.n. MIEL-, MIELIVALTA. <Melevalta af Särkilakx> 1374. <Melewaldus> 1332, SB 69 (lat.).

(#1, #2, #3) The given name is found as <Melewaldus> in a document dated Feb 16, 1332 in the Turku Cathedral copy book (The Black Book). <Mielivalta> is the standard Finnish spelling, and although something like Meliwalda would have been more typical, it too fits within period spelling variation.

The Finnish form <Mielivalta> is found on the table of Proto-Finnic names (mislabelled as Finno-Ugric), originally from D.-E. Stoebke's 1964 Ph.D. thesis Die alten ostseefinnischen Personennamen im Rahmen eines urfinnischen Namensystems (Leibniz-Verlag, Hamburg, 1964), but changed from Proto-Finnic to Finnish forms, as found in Vanhat nimityyppimme (Finnish Names). Mēlivalta is hypothesized as a Proto-Finnic name; <Mielivalta> is the Finnish form.

Aarnimetsä is a plausible Finnish name of location.

Suomen sanojen alkuperä ('The origins of Finnish words', or the most recent etymological dictionary, published jointly by the Finnish Literature Society and the Research Institute for the Languages of Finland), vol. I, (1992) has <aarni> first as 'gigantic' as applied to trees, boulders, or people, and second as 'buried treasure', both with Germanic etymologies. There are no cognates in other Finnic languages, indicating that these are relatively new (perhaps Proto-Scandinavian) loans. Suomen sanojen alkuperä has cognates for _metsä_ 'forest' in Finnic and Sami languages. The compound <Aarnimetsä> would be either 'primeval forest' or 'forest with a treasure buried in it'.

Aarni is also a Finnish variant of the given name <Arn> / <Arne>. Seppo Suvanto, Vanhan Satakunnan henkilötiedosto (person database of old Satakunta), 2001 (http://www.narc.fi/suvanto/) has (among others) on page 125 <Arn Olaffsson> 1469. Spelling the name with a long A is not a problem (p. 196 has a variant form, with the finnish suffix -kka, spelled <Madz Arnick> in 1550 and <Madz Aarnick> in 1554). Dropping the genitive -n (or having it assimilated into the following m) would not be inconceivable either: for instance, the c. 1580 Stockholm Codex B96 (text available at http://kaino.kotus.fi/korpus/vks/meta/lait/martti.ml_rdf.xml) has both <Ölandimaa> and <Ölandin maalla>. This would make <Aarnimetsä> 'Arn's Forest'.

Any of these, but especially the last one, would be possible as place names.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=162/2017-03-10/14-01-54_Anna_af_Aarnimetsa_2-Mielivalta-name1.jpg
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=162/2017-03-10/14-01-56_Anna_af_Aarnimetsa_2-Mielivalta-name2.jpg
#3 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=162/2017-03-10/14-01-58_Anna_af_Aarnimetsa_2-Mielivalta-name3.jpg


3: Anna von Urwald -New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: the old name was registered in November of 2000, via Drachenwald.

Old Item: Anna af Aarnimetsä, to be retained as an alternate name.
Submitter desires a feminine name.
No changes.

<Anna Tuomaantytär von Urwald> is currently registered as the submitter's alternate name; her current primary name is <Anna af Aarnimetsä>. She now wishes to register <Anna von Urwald> (without <Tuomaantytär>) as her primary name, retaining <Anna af Aarnimetsä> and <Anna Tuomaantytär von Urwald> (as well as the new alternate name <Aarnimetsän Mielivalta> submitted in this letter) as alternate names.

The submitter states that as <Tuomaantytär> is Finnish, while <von Urwald> is German, she wishes to use as her primary name the slightly more historically correct <Anna von Urwald>.


4: Gotvik, Barony of -New Order Name

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Arrow of Saint Egon of Gotvik, Award of the

No major changes.

The award name, then submitted as Arrow of St. Egon of Gotvik, Award of the, was previously returned in kingdom in 2016-10-07 (https://oscar.sca.org/kingdom/kingsingleitem.php?kingdom=14&id=69266).

This order name follows the period pattern of naming after a saint + other, identified in Medieval Secular Order Names by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/).

Award is a registrable designator (SENA Appendix E).

Arrow is a charge found in period arms.

Egon is a German male given name:

<Egon De Weyer> male, married 1640, Anholt Prussia. Batch no. M99207-1 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JHD3-MYB)

According to February 2015 LoAR cover letter under 'From Pelican: English-German Lingual Mixes' (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2015/02/15-02cl.html#2):

"we will allow the borrowing of given names from German into English and vice versa, in the context of the 16th and early 17th centuries. An English given name that is borrowed from German is considered to be English under Appendix C, and a German given name that is borrowed from English is considered to be German."

Thus a hypothetical English saint could be called "Saint Egon".

Gotvik is a branch name that was registered with the designator "Shire of" in September of 1996.


5: Gotvik, Barony of -New Order Name

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Ladle of Saint Sigerid of Gotvik, Award of the

No major changes.

The award name, then submitted as Ladle of St. Sigrid of Gotvik, Award of the, was previously returned in kingdom in 2016-10-07 (https://oscar.sca.org/kingdom/kingsingleitem.php?kingdom=14&id=69268) due to <Sigrid> not being supported as an English or compatible given name.

This order name follows the period pattern of naming after a saint + other, identified in Medieval Secular Order Names by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/).

Award is a registrable designator (SENA Appendix E).

Ladle is a period charge, found for example in the arms of de Cazaviis, c.1550, as can be seen in Insignia ... V. Insignia urbium Italiae septentrionalis: Nobilium Mediolanensium (http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/bsb00001430/images/index.html?id=00001430&groesser=&fip=193. 174.98.30&no=&seite=283) picture 283.

Sigerid is a female given name found in Scandinavian personal Names in Lincolnshire and Yorkshire by Gillian Fellows Jensen, p. 234 (https://books.google.fi/books?redir_esc=y&id=hQIJAQAAIAAJ&dq=Scandinavian+personal+Names+in+Lincolns hire+and+Yorkshire&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=Sigerid):

<Sigerid matris Denis> 1202. (#1)

Thus a hypothetical English saint could be called "Saint Sigerid".

Gotvik is a branch name that was registered with the designator "shire of" in September of 1996.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=162/2017-03-08/11-00-18_Gotvik-Ladle_of_Saint_Sigerid-name1.jpg


6: Gotvik, Barony of -New Order Name

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Ragenhild the Wise of Gotvik, Award of

No major changes.

The award name, then submitted as Ragnhild the Enlightened of Gotvik, Award of, was previously returned in kingdom in 2016-10-07 (https://oscar.sca.org/kingdom/kingsingleitem.php?kingdom=14&id=69269) due to <Ragnhild> not being supported as an English or compatible given name, nor <the Enlightened> as a plausible descriptive byname.

This order name follows the period pattern of naming after a saint's name, identified in Medieval Secular Order Names by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/).

Award is a registrable designator (SENA Appendix E).

Ragenhild is a given name found in [Reaney & Wilson]:

sn. Ragnell <Ragenhild> 1208.

the Wise can be documented as a Lingua Anglica translation:

[Reaney & Wilson] s.n. Froud has <le Frode> dated to 1334, for which R&W give the meaning "wise, prudent".

The Middle English Dictionary s.n. wis(e) (adj.) gives the example Rogerus le Wis dated to 1267.

Gotvik is a branch name that was registered with the designator "shire of" in September of 1996.


7: Gotvik, Barony of -New Order Name

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Saint Egons Heart, Award of

No major changes.

Gotvik is a branch name that was registered with the designator "Shire of" in September of 1996.

The award name, then submitted as St. Egon's Heart, Award of the, was previously returned in kingdom in 2016-10-07 (https://oscar.sca.org/kingdom/kingsingleitem.php?kingdom=14&id=69270).

This order name follows the period pattern of naming after a saint + other, identified in Medieval Secular Order Names by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/).

Award is a registrable designator (SENA Appendix E).

Egon is a German male given name:

<Egon De Weyer> male, married 1640, Anholt Prussia. Batch no. M99207-1 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JHD3-MYB)

According to February 2015 LoAR cover letter under 'From Pelican: English-German Lingual Mixes' (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2015/02/15-02cl.html#2):

"we will allow the borrowing of given names from German into English and vice versa, in the context of the 16th and early 17th centuries. An English given name that is borrowed from German is considered to be English under Appendix C, and a German given name that is borrowed from English is considered to be German."

Thus a hypothetical English saint could be called "Saint Egon".

Heart is both a charge found in period, and the name of the blood-pumping organ that could hypothetically be venerated as a relic. The Oxford English Dictionary gives numerous examples of the organ being called a heart, with many spellings:

s.v. heart. The earliest spelled <heart> is early grey-period with a1616 Shakespeare Coriolanus (1623) i. i. 134:

"I send it through the Riuers of your blood Euen to the Court, the Heart."


8: Gotvik, Barony of -New Order Name

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Silver Dolphin of Gotvik, Order of the

No major changes.

The order name, then submitted as Ancient Dolphin of Gotvik, Order of the, was previously returned in kingdom in 2016-10-07 (https://oscar.sca.org/kingdom/kingsingleitem.php?kingdom=14&id=69265) due to the construction of the order name not being supported.

This order name follows the period pattern of naming after color + charge, identified in Medieval Secular Order Names by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/).

Examples of this pattern include such as 'Gold(en) Tree' (France) and 'White Greyhound' (Navarre).

Order is a registrable designator (SENA Appendix E).

Silver or white refers to the heraldic tincture argent.

Dolphin is a period charge found in the arms of Dauphin of France as early as c. 1370 as seen in The Armorial de Gelre by Heinenzoon, C., edited by C. Van den Bergen et al. Jan van Helmont, 1992 (orig. pub. c.1370); page 46 (http://www.heraldique-europeenne.org/Armoriaux/Gelre/F46r.htm#2).

Gotvik is a branch name that was registered with the designator "shire of" in September of 1996.


9: Kaarina Eerikintytär -New Name & New Device

Gules, a frog tergiant and in chief three roundels argent.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (Appropriate for Finland) most important.
Culture (Appropriate for Finland) most important.

Kaarina is a female given name, the Finnish form of <Karin> found in Vanhat nimityyppimme (Finnish Names) by Kerttu Katariinantytär Roisko (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/FinnishNamesArticle.htm). For example <Karin Månsdotter> in Finnish is <Kaarina Maununtytär>, and <Karin> or <Katarina Hansdotter> in Finnish is <Kaarina Hannuntytär>.

Eerik is a male given name, the Finnish form of <Erik> found in Vanhat nimityyppimme (Finnish Names) by Kerttu Katariinantytär Roisko (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/FinnishNamesArticle.htm). For example king Eric XIV of Sweden in Finnish is <Erik XIV>.

<Eerikintytär> is the Finnish patronymic "Eerik's daughter".

Written resources for the Finnish versions of the names are difficult to obtain as practically all official documents were written in Swedish and even the names were mainly recorded in their Swedish form. If the name is not documentable in the Finnish form, the submitter will accept the Swedish version of it, <Karin Eriksdotter>, as the written, official version of the name.

In Vanhat nimityyppimme (Finnish Names), Kerttu Katariinantytär Roisko writes (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/FinnishNamesArticle.htm):

"During the Swedish reign many of the scribes were actually Swedish speaking and utilized Swedish spelling for Finnish names. Therefore the spelling may not accurately reflect the actual pronounciation of the name."

Finnish language was widely used in the part of medieval Sweden that now is Finland, even if the surviving documents reflect the scribes mainly having been Swedish speaking.


10: Mærith aff Weselax -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2009, via Drachenwald.

Azure, a bookbinder's plough Or.

The Archaelogy of Medieval Bookbinding by J.A. Szirmai (1999 England, Ashgate), p. 197-198:

"The binder's plough, a novel device for edge trimming, is based on a sounder principle: it can be compared with cutting the edges of a pile of leaves, tightly held under a ruler, with repeated strokes of the knife taking away a few snippets at a time. In the binder's plough, the knife is fixed at the bottom of one of two wooden blocks, connected with a wooden screw by which their distance can be altered (Figure 9.15[a])." (see images #1 and #2)

Bookbinding, Its Background and Technique by Edith Diehl (1946 United States, Rhinehart & Company, Inc), p. 160-163 describes using the bookbinder's plough (see images #3 and #4).

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=162/2017-03-08/12-09-42_Maerith_aff_Weselax-badge1.jpg
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=162/2017-03-08/12-09-43_Maerith_aff_Weselax-badge2.jpg
#3 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=162/2017-03-08/12-09-45_Maerith_aff_Weselax-badge3.jpg
#4 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=162/2017-03-08/12-09-46_Maerith_aff_Weselax-badge4.jpg


11: Marc Bogsveigir -New Name & New Device

Argent, on a bend sinister cotised sable, an arrow Or.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Meaning (I want the name to mean archer or similar.) most important.

Marc is the submitter's legal given name. A scan of a legal document verifying this is provided in the package.

Bogsveigir is a byname listed in Viking Bynames found in the Landnámabók by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/vikbynames.html):

<bogsveigir> meaning bow-swayer, archer

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=162/2017-03-08/13-12-28_Marc_Bogsveigr_1-name1.jpg


12: Roderic Þorkelsson -New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: the old name was registered in September of 2014, via Drachenwald.

Old Item: Roderic Turkillson, to be released.
Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.

The submitter wishes to change his registered byname (Turkillson) to <Þorkelsson>.

Roderic is to be grandfathered to the submitter.

Þorkell is a male given name found 58 times in Landnámabók according to [Geirr Bassi]. The genitive is <Þorkels>, which makes the expected patronymic byname <Þorkelsson>.


13: Rosaline de Preston -Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2014, via Drachenwald.

Quarterly Or and argent, an escarbuncle gules within a bordure gules fretty and semy of roundels argent.

The submitter seeks to have the badge registered with the bordure fretty and semy as an IAP.

The badge was previously returned in 11-2014 LoAR (https://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=145&id=45058):

"This badge is returned for issues linked to the pattern used on the bordure. This badge would require that the motif on the bordure (fretty and semy of roundels) be documented as an Individually Attested Pattern under SENA A4 in order to be registered. Without that documentation, there would be two distinct tertiary charge groups on the bordure, which is not registerable under core style. The submitter provided an example of the use of this motif on supporters in late period England and of a related motif (fretty and semy-de-lis) on the field of the arms of a German town. These cases are not enough to allow the registration of this motif. First, there are only two examples, using two different charges with the fretty, from two very different heraldic regions. More examples would be required to register this motif. Second, only one example is used as a tertiary charge group and it is not on a peripheral ordinary. Barring additional examples of this motif used as tertiary charges, this cannot be registered. In resubmission, please advise the submitter to draw the pattern larger so that the identity of the fretty and the roundels are clear."

The emblazon has been redrawn. The submitter requests help in finding further documentation for the IAP.

The existing examples are:

#1 from Oxford Guide to Heraldry by Thomas Woodcock and John Martin Robinson ISBN 0-19-280226-7. On page 97 is an illustration taken from The College of Arms Catalogue, volume 1 (1988), a detailed catalogue of a small but significant part of the records and collections, including the 260 volume manuscript collection of Augustine Vincent (d.1626) - Vincent 169, p31 - showing the grant of arms and crest with supporters to Sir Hugh Vaughan, made on 27th March 1508. The supporters are hatched with this pattern (closeup of the detail on the upper right).

(right) Grant of arms and crest with supporters to Sir Hugh Vaughan, made on 27 Mar. 1508. One of the earliest recorded grants of supporters to an individual (Coll. Arms, Vincent 169, p. 31).

#2 Siebmacher plate 224 "Per fess Or and sable semy-de-lys argent and fretty Or, a demi-lion gules", arms of the German town (Sankt) Goar.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=162/2017-03-10/13-45-46_Rosaline_de_Preston-badge1.jpg
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=162/2017-03-10/13-45-48_Rosaline_de_Preston-badge2.jpg


Yours in Service,

baroness Mór inghean Bhriain, Edelweiss Herald

edelweiss@drachenwald.sca.org

Submissions info: http://www.drachenwald.sca.org/content/submissions

Submissions FAQ: http://www.drachenwald.sca.org/node/144


OSCAR counts 3 Names, 2 Name Changes, 1 Alternate Name, 5 Order Names, 3 Devices and 2 Badges. There are a total of 16 items submitted on this letter.

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