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Avacal LoI dated 2017-02-28

Greetings unto Laurel, Wreath, Pelican and the College of Arms from Rowyn the Bard, Avacal Submissions Herald. The Avacal College of Heralds would like you to consider the following for registration.

1: Armida Fiore della Solari - New Name & New Device

Argent, issuant from an open book sable a demi-sun gules between three triqueras inverted sable.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for late 15th, early 16th century.
Culture (Italian) most important.
Meaning (Flower of the sun) most important.

[De Felice Cognomi] De Felice, Emidio. dizionario dei cognomi italiani.Emidio De Felice Nomi d'Italia Vol 1, Abbondanza - Elio Page 65. AH Appendix H - Sources That Do Not Require Photocopies to Laurel.

Armida - Literary, feminine given name in Tosso's "Gierusalemme liberata". "La bella Armida di sua forma altera,..." The beautiful Armida alters her shape. See image below. Gierusalemme liberata, poema heroico del sig. Torquato Tasso. Torquato Tasso, Febo Bonnà, 1581, book page 32.

[De Felice Cognomi] De Felice, Emidio. dizionario dei cognomi italiani.Emidio De Felice Nomi d'Italia Vol 2 Eliodoro - Mario Pg 47. AH Appendix H - Sources That Do Not Require Photocopies to Laurel.

Fiore is also a feminine given name in Feminine Given Names from the Online Catasto of Florence of 1427 by Arval Benicoeur (Josh Mittleman)

SENA Appendix A states that Italian patronymics can be unmarked. Fiore is a masculine given name in the 1427 Catasto 11 times. Search results url: &operator_1=%3D&contents_1=Fiore&logic_1=AND&search_field_2=sex&operator_2=%3D&contents_2=1&logic_2 =AND&search_field_3=age&operator_3=%3D&contents_3=&logic_3=AND&return_fields_1%5B%5D=name&return_fi elds_1%5B%5D=patronymic&return_fields_1%5B%5D=family_name&order_by_1=name&order_by_2=patronymic&lim it=60

SENA Appendix A: Patterns That Do Not Need Further Documentation by Language Group. Italian: della / dalla / dello / dallo.

[De Felice Cognomi]

Sun - Florio's 1598 Italian dictionary (A Worlde of Wordes) lists s.v. Sol "a note in musick. Also the sunne. Also alone." The 1611 edition is s.v. Sóle, "the Sunne, the Planet Sol, the eye of heauen. Also gold as Alchimists call it." Url for both editions is

Additional docs for Solari. The Solari family (of Genova) is found in "Dizionario storico blasonico delle famiglie nobili e notabili italiane estinte e fiorenti" (Dictionary of histories and blazons of the noble Italian families extinct and flourishing), by Crollalanza, G. B. di, Vol. II, PDF pp. 540-1. There was Guglielmo Solari in 1346, Bartolomeo in 1389, another Bartolomeo in 1499, Battista in 1506. See image of p.540 section.

2: Arnbjorn Tiernanson - New Name & New Device

Sable, eight cock's combs in annulo fronts to center Or.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Spelling (Arnbjorn with a "j") most important.


Arnbiorn, from ARNBIORN 1: (m xi) Persons called 'Arnbiorn' in Domesday Book.

The Etymology section for J in the Oxford English Dictionary, among several paragraphs of minute detail, declares, "From the 11th to the 17th cent., then, the letter I i represented at once the vowel sound of i, and a consonant sound /dʒ/, far removed from the vowel" and "The differentiation [between I and J] was made first in Spanish, where, from the very introduction of printing, we see j used for the consonant, and i only for the vowel.",

As for precedents, in "From Pelican: Transliteration and Old Norse" in, we have:

nineteenth century scholars created a system that standardized spelling conventions and invented at least one distinction that was not used in period: the distinction between the vowel i and the consonantal j. So ... " the [standardized] Old Norse name Herjólfr actually appears in Old Icelandic and Old Norwegian as Heriolfr, Heriulfr, Heriólfr, Heriolbr, and Heriulfuer."

Although documented as an Anglo Saxon name, Danelaw residents injected Norse names into Anglo Saxon. If could be possible that the "i" and "j" has this interchange at this point. The client wishes this name to the "j" and with the above commentary provided Michael Gerard Curtememoire, we leave it to pelican to decide if Arnbjorn could be an anglo saxon name. We can documented as a norse name with [GB] p7 but with the by-name need to have as it as anglo saxon.

The given name "Tighearnán" was in use in late period, as can be seen in the "Annals of the Four Masters" Vol. 6. ( ) Entry M1590-3.3, which mentions Tighearnan Bán mac Briain mic Eoghain Ui Ruairc. Because this name was used in late period, it is logical that there was an Anglicized form of this name. Since no Anglicized forms of the given name have yet been found in period Anglicized records (probably due mainly to the scarcity of such records) we have only period Anglicized forms of bynames formed from Tighearnán to examine.

Woulfe (p. 410 s.n. Mac Tighearnáin) dates M'Tiernane and M'Ternane to temp. Elizabeth I - James I.
Woulfe (p. 652 s.n. Ó Tighearnáin) also dates O Ternane and O Tiernan to the same time period. Given these examples, Tiernan is reasonable as a period Anglicized form of Tighearnán.

See also Tiernan Moor - LoAR February 2003.

Commentary indicated:

Woulfe said most Irish names were first Anglicized in the second half of the 16th century (, and that is when the cited instances of "M'Tiernan" were recorded. Without contrary evidence, it seems that's the very earliest you could argue that the use of an Anglicized Irish given name in an English byname is plausible.

Therefore, if the given name Arnbjorn can be accepted as a plausible anglo saxon name, then the two elements are within 500 years (1085+500=1585).

SFPP for charges in annulo when they aren't all palewise.

3: Artherus Heronimus - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2016, via Avacal.

Per fess argent and sable, three rapiers azure and a tower argent.

Submitter gives himself permission to conflict with himself.

4: Artherus Heronimus - New Release of Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2016, via Avacal.

Per fess argent and sable, three rapiers purpure and a tower argent.

The device was registered on the October 2016 LoAR. Upon receiving the notification, the submitter informed this office that the paperwork was erroneous. The registered device "Per fess argent and sable, three rapiers purpure and a tower argent" should have been submitted as "Per fess argent and sable, three rapiers azure and a tower argent".

The submitter would like to release the device "Per fess argent and sable, three rapiers purpure and a tower argent".

5: Bóthilđr Siguröardóttir - New Name & New Device

Per saltire arrondi sable and gules, a boar rampant issuant from base and on a chief Or a spoon gules.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Culture (Norse) most important.

[Geirr Bassi] Geirr Bassi Haraldsson. The Old Norse Names, pg 8.

[Geirr Bassi] Geirr Bassi Haraldsson. The Old Norse Names, pg 14.

[Geirr Bassi] Geirr Bassi Haraldsson. The Old Norse Names pg 8.

6: Catherine of the Rowan Tree - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 2009, via An Tir.

Per bend dancetty argent and vert, a Catherine Wheel sable and a rowan sprig Or.

We haven't registered a per bend dancetty since 92; however, the submitter is the local dance teacher and we would love to see the cant if possible. Otherwise the blazon would be Per bend indented argent and vert, a Catherine Wheel sable and a rowan sprig Or.

7: Coryn of the Wode - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 2007, via An Tir.

(Fieldless) On a pine tree couped Or, a lozenge gules.

8: Dante Machiavelli and Galiana Machiavelli - New Household Name & New Badge

OSCAR finds the name (Dante Machiavelli) registered exactly as it appears in October of 2009, via An Tir.
OSCAR finds the name (Galiana Machiavelli) registered exactly as it appears in October of 2009, via An Tir.

House of Machiavelli

Gules, a capital letter "M" Or, and overall a death's head argent.

This is a joint household badge.

Academy of St. Gabriel: Surnames from 16th century Italian Armorial - MAC Forentine Renaissance Resources : on line Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532 : a list of family names.

9: Eðla Þunnkàrr - New Name & New Device

Purpure, an arrow bendwise sinister inverted argent and on a chief Or two roses purpure.

Meaning (Þunnkárr meaning curly head) most important.

The Old Norse Name by Geirr Bassi Haraldssen, pg 9.

The Old Norse Name by Geirr Bassi Haradlsson, pg 30.

10: Faust Reinhart - New Name & New Device

Argent, in pale an increscent azure and on a pine tree proper a tragedy mask Or.

Language (German) most important.

"Deutschland Geburten und Taufen, 1558-1898," database, FamilySearch ( : 28 November 2014), Christian Faust Rein, 28 Aug 1631; citing ; FHL microfilm 591,326. Batch #C99048-1.

"Deutschland Heiraten, 1558-1929," database, FamilySearch ( : 26 December 2014), Lorentz Reinhart and Anna Wintt, 20 Sep 1631; citing Evangelisch, Bofsheim, Mosbach, Baden; FHL microfilm 1,189,257. Batch #M93472-1.

11: Helene Charesse - New Name & New Device

Per bend sinister purpure and gules, a bow nocked with an arrow bendwise and a dragonfly bendwise argent, on a chief argent three swallows bendwise sinister sable.

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Helene Adam, Christening Date 18 Sep 1607, English Births and Christenings, 1583-1977, Batch #C10788-3.

Barthelemys Charesse, Birth Date 1686 and naming his father, André Charesse, in the Saone-et-Loire, France Births 1546-1905. (see image below).

Please also consider source made available by an archivist Yannic Chassin du Guerny: NIMES; INVENTAIRE des contrats de mariages, testements et quelques autres actes filiation du notariat de Names - Xve s. - 1620 where on page 99 shows that on 15 Julillet (1576) Louis and Marguerite Charesse, of Martignarques (testament).

St-Jean-de-Maruéjois-et-Avéjan (Gard France) Inventaire Sommaire du notariat par Yannick Chassin du Guerny page 80.

We are unsure whether or not this document is acceptable as source. We leave it up to Pelican to decide.

12: Inga in hraustliga - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 2008, via An Tir.

Per pale gules and vert, on a chief indented Or, a talbot passant sable.

13: Iris Bower - New Name & New Device

Barry argent and purpure, an owl displayed azure.

Spelling (Iris spelled with an i and not a y) most important.

Irys Gulsun, 12 Oct 1544, St Modwen's Burton Upon Trent Staffordshire England Batch #M0217-4. "Y" to "I" are interchanged in Renaissance England.

Anne Bower, 23 Aug 1592, Saint Giles, Cripplegate, London England Batch #M02243-1.

SENA Appendix F: An Owl displayed is a SFPP.

As drawn, we are unsure of how to blazon the three purpure bars as charges or as a field treatment of barry. If the three purpure bars are considered to be charges, then the blazon would be "Argent, three bars purpure and a owl overall azure". This has no conflicts.

If the bars are considered to be part of a field treatment, barry argent and purpure, then the blazon would be "Barry argent and purpure, a owl displayed azure".

If it is a field treatment, we question whether or not there is a difference for the type of bird on whether or not this gives another DC. Specifically we have the following two precedents:

Feb 14 loar ruled: (Fieldless) A goose displayed head to sinister azure.

"This badge is not in conflict with the device of Sheila Eileen Natalia MacDougal of Perth, Ermine, a dove displayed azure grasping a vine vert, flowered purpure. There is a DC for fieldlessness, and another DC for the difference between a dove displayed, a regular-shaped bird, and a goose displayed, a swan-shaped bird, as in this posture the difference is obvious." (Alexi Gensel - A East)

However, Sept 2016 ruled: "Azure, a duck displayed maintaining an axe and a hammer argent."

"This device is returned for conflict with the device of Francesca of Bright Angel: Azure, a dove displayed, head elevated argent. There is one DC for the addition of secondary charges. There is no additional DC for changing the type of bird in the displayed posture as neither of them is in their default posture." (Klaus Axelsson R - Caid)

The first precedent has a DC in the displayed goose vs dove whereas the second is no DC for duck vs dove quoting that the displayed gives no DC since they are not in default. We question which bird types displays give DCs. We leave it up to Wreath to clarify. However, this is only important if the background is barry.

14: Lorette de Chateauneuf - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for 14th - 15th Century French.
Language (14th Century French) most important.
Culture (14th Century French) most important.

"French Names from Chastenay, 1448 - 1457" by Sara L. Uckelman (known in the SCA as Aryanhwy merch Catmael).

"An Index to the Given Names in the 1292 Census of Paris" by Lord Colm Dubh © 1996, 2005 Scott Catledge, page 6/10.

de Chateauneuf.
[Dauzat] Dauzat, Albert. Dictionnaire Etymologique des Noms de Famille et des Prenoms de France, p 115

Chateauneuf is there under Chateaubriand.

15: Magda of the Isles - New Name & New Device

Per fess argent and purpure, a phoenix gules rising out of flames argent.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound (First name sound like Mag-Da) most important.

"England Marriages, 1538-1973 ," database, FamilySearch Magda Sema, 25 Jul 1602, SELBORNE,HAMPSHIRE,ENGLAND Batch #P01495-1

of the Isles.
The Shire of the Isles is the name of a branch, registered August 1979 via Caid.

16: Morris Kendrick - New Name & New Device

Sable, a hand sling armed argent.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Sound (England / English) most important.
Language (English) most important.
Culture (England) most important.

"England Marriages, 1538-1973 ," database, FamilySearch ( : 10 December 2014), Morris Abbot and Alice March, 30 Jun 1548; citing Saint Mary,Guildford,Surrey,England, reference ; FHL microfilm 804,129. Batch #M07408-2.

"England Marriages, 1538-1973 ," database, FamilySearch ( : 10 December 2014), Edwarde Neale and Margery Kendrick, 21 Apr 1577; citing Saint Giles Cripplegate,London,London,England, reference ; FHL microfilm 380,199, 380,200, 380,201, 380,202, 380,203, 380,204. Batch #M02243-1.

The single registered instance of a handsling is from 1979. However, we have period images of it as a birding weapon from sources like the Luttrel Psalter (page 22)

17: Munisa bint Ibrahim ibn Abd al-Masih - New Name & New Device

Azure, on a pale invected endorsed plain Or a peacock proper between two crosses potent azure.

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Jewish Names in the World of Medieval Islam Woman Names Compiled by Yehoshua ben Haim Naterushalmi.

Period Arabic names and naming practices. by Da'ud ibn Auda

`Abd al-Masīḥ. Period ID 88586, Date 700 - 899 AD - Egypt. Text - BKU 3.2 397 occ 1. The byname `Abd al-Masih can only be found in Christian contexts; it mean "slave of the Messiah." confirmed by Siren.

Name Construction.

We thank both Juliana de Luna (Siren) and Tala al-Zahra for the name assistance.

18: Raffaello Dellarosa - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Culture (Italian, 16th Century) most important.
Meaning (Of the roses) most important.

Raffaello. -> Italian Names - Florentine Renaissance Resources: Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532-> List of Given Names -> List of Given names found in the Tre Maggiori. This name appears 381 times in the Tre Maggiori.

DELLAROSA is found 42 times in the surnames list of "Florentine Renaissance Resources: Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532" linked from the MNA, Central Italian Names,

Dates range from 1441 to 1522. The surnames have been capitalized and truncated after eleven characters without spaces between article and noun.

19: Tala of Circle Hill - Resub Name & New Device

Quarterly purpure and vert, a triskelion of spirals and a point argent.

Spelling (Tala) most important.


Tale Hermansdatter, buried 1644, Denmark. Batch no. B39189-2


Elisa Cimbra, married 1641, Denmark. Batch no. M20068-1


Elise Pedersdatter, christened 1646, Denmark. Batch no. C22275-7


Syla Hansdatter, christened 1622, Denmark. Batch no. C04410-7


Sile Pouelsdr, married 1639, Denmark. Batch no. M20126-1


Metta Ørens, died 1640, Denmark. Batch no. B39189-2


Mette Steffensdatter, died 1619, Denmark. Batch no. B39419-6


Conversion of e to a looks like a pattern that could support the change of Tale to Tala. We leave it up to Pelican to decide.

of Circle Hill.
"Of Circle Hill" The original name "Taletta of Circle Hill" was returned on the February 2016 LoAR with the following comments:

The given name Taletta could not be documented prior to 1665, with this instance documented from a genealogical site. The earliest instance of this name in the FamilySearch Historical Records' indexed results is dated to 1746. Without evidence to show that this name is found prior to 1650, or that it can be constructed in a manner consistent with period practice (e.g., the formation of diminutives using -etta), we cannot register this name.

Upon resubmission, the submitter should know that Circle Hill is a plausible lingua Anglica form of a constructed Old Norse place name formed from the prototheme Hring- ("circle, ring") and the deuterotheme -hváll ("hill"), documented by ffride wlffsdotter in commentary using "Place-Names in Landnámabók (Incomplete)" by Talan Gwynek ( The pattern of marked locative bynames (which include a preposition) is listed for Old Norse names in Appendix A of SENA. Therefore, the byname of Circle Hill was registerable"

. However, we do believe that this it outside the 500 year range. However, ffride also provided:

( b.7, s.439 no. 33. Ringhus. <a Ringhussum> 1492 <i Ringehus> 1561 <Ringiuß> 1585. <Ringhus> 1593. <Ringhuß> 1602 [Rygh glosses this as Ring-houses.]

b.10, s.302 no. 64. Ringe. <Ringenn> 1563 <Rinnge> 1602. <Ringe> 1610. [Rygh reconstructs this name as *Ringvin, "Ring-meadow, Ring-pasture"] b.11, s.534 no. 50­53. Ringeim store, nedre, indre og lille. <a Ringæimi> 1293 <a Ringhæimi> 1303 <a Ringheimi> 1315 <a Ringeimi> 1330 <a Ringæmi> 1339 <a Ringemæ> 1378 <Ringin>, <Ringim> 1472 <a Ringhæime> 1374 [Rygh glosses this as Ring(h)eimr, "ring-settlement"]

b.3, s.153 no. 42. Ringnes. <Ringenes> 1578. <Ringennes> 1604. ["Ring-nes", ie. "Ring-headland", "Ring-cape"]

b.4, s.141 no. 162. Ringdalen. <Reindallen> 1595. <Rinndallen> 1604. <Ringdallen> 1616. ["Ring-valleys"]

b.7, s.217 no. 11. Smedsvaalen. <Smedzhuallen> 1585, 1602, 1612. ["Smiðshváll", "Smith's-hill"]

b.11, s.339 no. 89. Flatkvaal. <Fladequall> 1610. 1620. [Reconstructed by Rygh as *Flatihváll, "Flat-hill"]

b.11, s.543 no. 117. Kvarekvaal. <Karahuaals> (Gen.) 1343. <Quarequall> 1611. 1630. [Kárahváll, with the personal name Kári, and hváll, hence "Kári's Hill"]

I suspect that plural hills, in a ring formation may be more likely, but would this be enough for <Ring-><-place>, and hence an English translation being "Circle Hill"? We leave it up to Pelican to decide.

20: Tala of Circle Hill - New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Per pale vert and purpure, a triquetra inverted and a triskelion of spirals on a chief argent, three foxes passant proper gules.

This badge is paired with item #19 above. Tala of Circle Hill on this letter.

21: Wernar Ivarson - New Name & New Device

Gules, an wingless amphisbaena erect, an orle of chain Or.


Werner Luthumb, 1626, Katholisch, Billerbeck, Westfalen, Prussia, Batch#M98229-8

Spelling variant showing er changed to ar


Balthaser Hertkorn, 09 Apr 1630, KATHOLISCH, EMPFINGEN, HOHENZOLLERN, PRUSSIA, Batch#C94056-1

Balthasar Olieschleger, 15 Jul 1625, Evangelisch, Moers, Rheinland, Prussia, Batch#M95534-1


Casper Gerhart, 29 Mar 1627, Evangelisch, Vorweiden, Rheinland, Prussia, Batch#M98925-1

Caspar Even, Jun 1624, Sankt Martin Roemisch-Katholische, Bigge, Westfalen, Prussia, Batch#M99579-1


Peter Sorenn, 14 Nov 1624, Evangelisch, Kleinich, Rheinland, Prussia, Batch#M96746-1

Petar Vanselowen, 21 May 1624, UETZENOW,POMMERN,PRUSSIA, Batch# C99995-3

Therefore, this supports the er to ar. So Wernar is a plausible German name.


Diplomatarium Norvegicum volume 21, p.408.

<Haldor Ivarson> and <Erlandr Ivarson> 1463


According to SENA Appendix C: Regional Naming Groups and Their Mixes. Scandivian and German are an acceptable mix for that time period.

Alternatively, we can attempt a English/Dutch mixed name allowed by Appendix C with:

Wernar Jansz, male, Christening date 09 Oct. 1633, Netherlands Births and Baptisms, 1564-1910, Batch #C02837-6

Ivarson This would be the same information used above from England: Patolphus Ivarson, Male, Marriage record 08 Sep 1583, England Marriages, 1583-1973, Batch #I03785-0.

We understand that "I" batches are accepted on a case by case basis. We are unsure of the criteria and leave this up to Pelican.

Restricted charge of an orle of chain, submitter was made an Knight of An Tir on June 5, 2005 according to the An Tir OP.

From the Pic Dic, we have:

"The amphisbaena from medieval bestiaries: one with wings and two feet (as in the Aberdeen Bestiary, c.1200)"

Since we have a history of registering wingless monsters such as:

Anne Rose Smythe (Dec 2010 via Atlantia):

Per fess vairy Or and purpure and vairy purpure and Or, on a fess Or a wingless dragon passant guardant purpure maintaining an equal-armed Celtic cross argent.

Ása rauða (Sep 2005 via Northshield)

Azure, a chevron Or between three fleurs-de-lys, on a chief argent a wingless gryphon statant sable.

Wilhelm Rotbart aus Bayern (Feb 2005 via Middle)

Or, a five-headed wingless hydra sejant affronty gules.

Michael de Lundie (Sep 2010 via Calontir):

Argent, a wingless wyvern passant, tail nowed gules breathing flames proper atop a base purpure.

Therefore it is reasonable to create a wingless amphisbaena as per SENA A2.B.2c.

Rowyn the Bard, GdS, JdL
Avacal Submissions Herald
Apprentice to Sina Erdeneva, OL

OSCAR counts 13 New Names, 1 New Household Name, 15 New Devices and 3 New Badges. These 32 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $128 for them. OSCAR counts 1 Resub Name. This item is not chargeable. There is 1 release, which does not require payment. There are a total of 34 items submitted on this letter.

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