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East LoI dated 2008-07-15

Unto Olwyn Laurel, Istvan Wreath, Aryanhwy Pelican, the SCA College of Arms, and all others who do receive this letter, greetings from Brunissende Dragonette de Brocéliande, Blue Tyger Herald.

It is the intent of the Easterners to register the following items.

Unless otherwise noted, the submitter has no desire for authenticity, allows any changes, and allows a holding name.

This item was on the 11-2008 LoAR

1: Albrecht von Landshut - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 2000, via Ansteorra

Per chevron azure and argent, in chief two crosses potent argent, in base a tower sable.

His name was registered in May 2002, via Ansteorra.


This item was on the 11-2008 LoAR

2: Alexander Younger - New Name

Alexander appears forty times in "English Given Names from 16th and Early 17th Century Marriage Records" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/parishes/parishes.html), dated between 1546 and 1620. In addition, the name is found four times in Karen Larsdatter's "An Index to the 1523 Subsidy Roll for York and Ainsty, England" (http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/york16/index.htm).

Younger appears multiple times in "Surnames in Durham and Northumberland, 1521-1615" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juetta/parish/surnames.html) by Julie Kahan, with examples from 1569, 1572, 1575, 1581, 1585, 1586, 1588, 1589, 1591, 1594, 1598, 1601, 1602, and later.


This item was on the 11-2008 LoAR

3: Berach MacTawisch - New Name & New Device

Paly sable and argent, a bear rampant contourny and a chief Or.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Sound (12th century Scottish) most important.

Berach is a header on p. 31 of OCM. It's identified as the name of several saints. The entry says the name was used as a "family personal name" among the O Hanlys; it was anglicized in the 19th century as Barry.

MacTawisch is based on Black p. 566 s.n. MacTavish, which dates the (abbreviated) spelling McTawisch to 1480. The surname derives from Gaelic Mac Thamhais, from a Lowland Scots form of Thomas.

A combination of Gaelic and Scots is a step from period practice (Mairghread of Herth, 08/2004 A-Drachenwald), but it's the only one thanks to the saint's name allowance, so this should be registerable.

This device is clear of Bjorn Kathrynson (Jun 1988 West): Per pale sable and gules, a winged bear rampant and a chief Or, with one CD for the field and another for the orientation of the bear (and possibly one for the wings, but luckily it's a moot point). It's also clear of both Ragnarr Gunnarsson (Jul. 2003 Atenveldt): Per pale sable and gules, a bear rampant contourny and on a chief Or three Thor's hammers sable, and Shauna MacLeod (Feb. 1998 Trimaris): Vert, a bear rampant to sinister, on a chief Or a Celtic cross vert; in each case, there's one CD for the field and one for removing the tertiary charge(s).


This item was on the 11-2008 LoAR

4: Black Rose, March of the - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 1986, via the East

(Fieldless) A rose sable, barbed and charged with the letters BR argent.

This badge is clear of Sylvester von Beerberg (Dec. 1980 Middle): Argent, on a rose sable, barbed vert, a death's head argent, with one CD for the field and another for the type and number of tertiaries.


This item was on the 11-2008 LoAR

5: Cassandra Matisse - New Name & New Device

Vert, a gurges and a bordure Or.

Sound most important.

Cassandra appears in "Late Sixteenth Century English Given Names" by Talan Gwynek (http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/eng16/eng16.html). It's also found in his "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames", dated to 1182-1211, 1208, and 1275.

Matisse appears as an undated variant of Mathieu in Dauzat p. 423 s.n. Mathieu. The entry says that forms of this name can be found as both given names and family names. A combination of English and French is not considered a departure from period practice (Jocosa d'Auxerre, 01/2005 A-Meridies).

This device should be clear of Björn of Drei Eichen (Nov. 2002 Drachenwald): Or, a gurges vert overall a Thor's hammer gules, with one CD for removing the overall charge and another for adding a peripheral charge.


This item was on the 11-2008 LoAR

6: Culen mac Cianain - Resub Name Change From Holding Name

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in November of 2008, via the East.

Old Item: Scott of Settmour Swamp, to be released.
Submitter desires a masculine name.

His originally submitted name, Culann mac Cianain, was returned on the Sep. 2007 LoAR for lack of evidence that Culann is a period name used by humans.

His device was registered in Dec. 2007 under the holding name Scott of Settmour Swamp.

Culen is an alternate spelling of Cuilén, found in the "Index of Names in Irish Annals" by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (http://www.meievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/). This particular spelling is found in annals entries referring to the years 971, 999, 1225, 1327, and 1463.

mac + father's name in the genitive = "son of".

Cianain: OCM p. 51 s.n. Cianan says that this is a diminutive of Cian, and that there were two saints by this name. Cianain is the hypothetical genitive form, following the pattern in "100 Most Popular Men's Names in Early Medieval Ireland" by Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/irish100.html). Tangwystyl's article contains names found before the 12th century.


This item was on the 11-2008 LoAR

7: Finnghuala Rowan - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Meaning most important.

Fionnghuala is found in Mari's Annals Index as the standard Early Modern Irish spelling of a name found for 26 women in the Annals, dated between 1247 and 1531.

Rowan: Black p. 698 s.n. Roland dates William Rowan to 1513. The name is also found as a (post-period) Anglicized form of O Robhachain on p. 632 of Woulfe; and in More Irish Names by Edward MacLysaght (New York, Barnes & Noble, 1960) p. 210, Rowan is listed as a 16th century variant Anglicization of Ó Ruadháin, with "Moriertagh O'Morchoe alias O'Rowane" dated to 1584.

A combination of Scots and Gaelic is considered a step from period practice, but registerable (Mairghread of Herth, 08/2004 A-Drachenwald).


This item was on the 11-2008 LoAR

8: Lianor de Matos - New Name & New Device

Or, three stag's heads erased gules.

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Lianor appears as a feminine name in "Portuguese Names from Lisbon, 1565" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/portuguese/fem1565.html), with 58 examples of this spelling.

de Matos appears as a locative byname in the Surnames section of the same article.


This item was on the 11-2008 LoAR

9: Thomas Monrow of Longhill - New Name & New Device

Argent semy of pommes, two monkeys combatant sable.

Thomas is a header in the masculine given names section of "Early 16th Century Scottish Lowland Names" by Sharon Krossa (http://www.medievalscotland.org/scotnames/lowland16/menalpha.shtml), found 23 times in this spelling, dated to 1505, 1506, 1508, 1509, 1510, 1511, 1512, 1513, 1518, 1519, 1533, and 1534.

Monrow is found once, dated to 1505, under the surname Monro in the same article.

Longhill is a header in Black, p. 438. The entry says it's derived from a local place name, and dates Gervays de Longhil to 1296.


This item was on the 11-2008 LoAR

10: Þórlæifr hvítskegg - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2007, via the East

Sable, three wolf's heads caboshed one and two argent.

His name was registered in Mar 2007, via the East.

His previous device submission, Sable, three wolf's heads caboshed one and two argent each jessant of an arrow Or, was returned in the Dec. 2007 LOAR for using a non-lion's head jessant of a non-fleur-de-lys, which is considered two steps from period practice.

This submission removes the arrows entirely to fix this problem.


This item was on the 11-2008 LoAR

11: Tyffayne de Trumpington - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.

Tyffayne is dated to 1288 under Theophania in Talan Gwynek's "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" (http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/reaneyHZ.html). This spelling is marked as appearing as a matronymic in R&W s.n. Tiffany.

de Trumpington is a surname dated to 1289 in "Monumental Brass Enscriptions" by Julian Goodwyn (http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/brasses/lastnameAH.html). The name is found once, in Cambridgeshire.


This item was on the 11-2008 LoAR

12: Ynys y Gwaed, Cantref of - New Appeal of Kingdom Return of Name & New Device

Argent, on a bend azure between two pine trees couped gules a laurel wreath palewise argent, all within a bordure gules.

No changes.
Language (Welsh) most important.
Culture (Welsh) most important.

This is an appeal of a kingdom return of unknown, pre-21st century date.

The canton prefers to use "Cantref" as a more Welsh title.

Pont Rhyd-y-gwaed, in Rhewl, Wales, crosses the Afon Clywedog, according to "Historic Landscape Characterisation. The Vale of Clwyd: Rhos, Ruthin, Llanynys and Llangynhafal, Denbigshire" (http://www.cpat.org.uk/projects/longer/histland/clwyd/1047.htm).

Ynys 'island' has been used in place of pont 'bridge'.

This appeal is not well formed, and there are several likely problems with the submitted name. Tangwystyl's "Period Models for Welsh Households" (http://heatherrosejones.com/welshhouseholdname/) identifies cantref as the basic (large) unit of political division in period Wales, derived from cant 'hundred' and tref 'town'. The only thing bigger than a cantref is a kingdom (by whatever name), so the term hardly seems appropriate as a translation for the SCA's use of "canton". Also, according to both the website quoted in the submission and Hubbard, E.: The Buildings of Wales: Clwyd (Denbighshire and Flintshire) (Penguin Books / University of Wales Press, 1986), Pont Rhyd-y-gwaed is in a modern (19th-20th century) settlement, and therefore gives no support for a period placename. The appeal gave almost none of the required English translations for the Welsh words used. The online (modern) Welsh-English dictionary of the University of Wales, Lampeter (http://www.geiriadur.net/) translates rhyd as "ford", ynys as "island", y as "the", and gwaed as "blood". This means that the submitted name denotes "Island (of) the Blood", which is possibly offensive (or at least in poor taste). These problems combined with the group's unwillingness to accept any changes convinces Eastern Crown that this name is highly unlikely to be registerable. However, according to the Administrative Handbook section IV.E., she must forward all appeals to Laurel, but she does so here without any positive recommendations.

A petition in support of both the name and arms has been supplied, signed by four officers and nine other members of the group.


Here ends, less than two weeks before Pennsic, this East Kingdom letter of intent.

Yours in service,

Brunissende

Blue Tyger Herald

Bibliography

Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland. New York Public Library, 1989.

Dauzat, Albert. Dictionnaire étymologique des noms de famille et prénoms de France. Librairie Larousse, Paris, 1989.

Ó Corraín, Donnchadh and Fidelma Maguire. Irish Names. Lilliput Press, Dublin, 1990.

Reaney, P.H. and R. M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. Third edition, Oxford University Press, 1995.

Woulfe, Patrick. Sloinnte Gaedheal is Gall. Irish Names and Surnames. M.H. Gill & Son, Dublin, 1923.


OSCAR counts 8 New Names, 6 New Devices and 1 New Badge. These 15 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $45 for them. OSCAR counts 1 New Holding Name Change. OSCAR counts 1 Resub Name Change and 1 Resub Device. These 3 items are not chargeable. There are a total of 18 items submitted on this letter.

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