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Palimpsest Rules Letter dated 2016-12-11

Right honorable and worthy Sovereigns of Arms and Heralds of the College, according to my bounden duty I recommend me to you.

This Rules Letter proposes significant changes to PN.3.C, the portion of SENA devoted to personal name conflict.

On the May 2013 Cover Letter, Laurel directed Palimpsest "to develop wording to allow PN3C3 to apply to differences between names that only affect the consonants of a syllable." This rules letter obeys that directive.

However, this letter also proposes a larger change: the separation of rules evaluating changes in sound from rules evaluating changes in appearance.

1: Change to SENA PN.3.C Standards for Identity Conflict - New Rule Change

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Current text:

C. Standards for Identity Conflict: To be clear of identity conflict, two names must be substantially different in both sound and appearance. Because conflict is a modern concept, we consider matters such as meaning, language, etymological origin, etc. to be irrelevant for conflict. Only sound and appearance are considered for difference. Thus, the Latinized form of a name may be clear of conflict with the vernacular form. While we do not go out of our way to consider variant pronunciations, we do consider important period and modern pronunciations of name elements.

To be substantially different, a pair of names must be different in sound and appearance under the standards laid out below. Names may be different in sound under one standard and appearance under another standard. Names are compared as complete items, so that Lisa Betta Gonzaga conflicts with Lisabetta Gonzaga, although the elements are different.

New text:

C. Standards for Identity Conflict: To be clear of identity conflict, two names must be substantially different in both sound and appearance. Because conflict is a modern concept, we consider matters such as meaning, language, etymological origin, etc. to be irrelevant for conflict. Only sound and appearance are considered for difference. Thus, the Latinized form of a name may be clear of conflict with the vernacular form. While we do not go out of our way to consider variant pronunciations, we do consider important period and modern pronunciations of name elements.

To be substantially different, a pair of names must meet at least one standard for substantial difference in sound and at least one standard for substantial difference in appearance, as described below. Names are compared as complete items, so that Lisa Betta Gonzaga conflicts with Lisabetta Gonzaga, although the elements are different.


2: Change to SENA PN.3.C.1 Changes to Two Syllables - New Rule Change

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Old rule:

1. Changes to Two Syllables: Names are substantially different if changes in sound and appearance affect at least two syllables (including adding, removing, or reordering them). If the changes only affect adjacent letters or sounds, they must affect more than two letters or sounds to be considered under this allowance. Change in spacing is a change in appearance, but is not considered a change in sound. Changes to any part of the name count, including articles and prepositions.

For example, Alana Red is substantially different from Elena Reed, because at least two syllables change in both sound and appearance. Maria Smith is substantially different from Miriam Smith, because it removes one syllable and changes another in both sound and appearance. Richard Loudeham is substantially different from Richard Loveman, because two syllables have changes to them.

For example, Anne Jones London is substantially different from Anne Joan of London, because it changes one syllable in both sound and appearance and removes another. John de Aston is substantially different from John Asson, because it adds one syllable and changes another in both sound and appearance. William Underthecliff is substantially different from William Cliff, because it adds three syllables. Margaret atte Mor is substantially different from Margaret de la Mor; because it changes two syllables in both sound and appearance.

New rule:

1. Changes to the Sound of Two Syllables: Names are substantially different in sound if changes in sound affect at least two syllables (including adding, removing, or reordering them). If the changes only affect adjacent sounds, they must affect more than two sounds to be considered under this allowance. Changes to any part of the name count, including articles and prepositions.

For example, Alana Red is substantially different in sound from Elena Reed, because at least two syllables change in sound. Richard Loudeham is substantially different from Richard Loveman, because two syllables have changes to them.

For example, Maria le Smyth is substantially different in sound from Marian Smith, because the second name removes one syllable and changes the sound of another. Similarly, John de Aston is substantially different in sound from John Asson, because the second name removes one syllable and changes the sound of another. Anne Jones London is substantially different in sound from Anne Joan of London, because the second name changes the sound of one syllable and adds another. William Underthecliff is substantially different in sound from William Cliff, because the second name removes three syllables. Margaret atte Mor is substantially different in sound from Margaret de la Mor, because the change in prepositions affects the sound of two syllables.


3: Change to SENA PN.3.C.2. Substantial Change to One Syllable - New Rule Change

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Old rule:

2. Substantial Change to One Syllable: Names are substantially different if a single syllable between them (excluding articles and prepositions, such as de and the) is changed in both sound and appearance as described here. The addition or removal of a syllable makes two names substantially different in sound. Two names are also substantially different if a syllable is substantially changed in sound and appearance. This means that the vowel and the consonant (or group of consonants) on one side of the vowel is different between the two names. In either case, the change in spelling (including addition or removal of letters) must affect at least two letters in that syllable to be substantial.

For example, both Maria Jones and Miriam Jones are substantially different in sound from either Mary Jones or Marie Jones, because those names add a syllable. Miriam Jones is also substantially different in appearance from both Mary Jones and Marie Jones. However, Maria Jones is not substantially different in appearance from Marie Jones, because only one letter is changed. Also, Mary Jones is not substantially different in sound from Marie Jones. While the most common modern pronunciation of the given names is different, one important late period and modern pronunciation makes both names the same (as MA-ree). Thus they conflict. While we do not go out of our way to consider variant pronunciations, we do consider important period and modern pronunciations of name elements.

For example, Connor MacRobert is substantially different from Conan MacRobert or Conall MacRobert, because the second syllable of the given names is substantially different in both sound and appearance. Likewise, Colin L'Estrange is substantially different from Colin Strange, because a syllable of the byname is removed. Colin L'Estrange is not substantially different from Colin Lestrange, because the change in sound is negligible, and the change in appearance does not substantially change the syllable.

New rule:

2. Substantial Change to the Sound of One Syllable: Names are substantially different in sound if a single syllable between them (excluding articles and prepositions, such as de and the) is changed in both sound and appearance as described here. The addition or removal of a syllable makes two names substantially different in sound. Two names are also substantially different in sound if the sound of a syllable is substantially changed. If a vowel and the consonant or group of consonants on one side of this vowel is different between the two names, we consider a syllable to be substantially changed. When the sounds of the consonant or group of consonants on both sides of a vowel are completely different, we also consider the syllable to be substantially changed.

For example, both Maria Smith and Marian Smith are substantially different in sound from either Mary Smyth or Marie Smyth: Maria and Marian both have three syllables, while Mary and Marie have only two syllables, so in each case the number of syllables in the name is changed. Likewise, Colin L'Estrange is substantially different from Colin Strange, because the bynames have different numbers of syllables.

For example, Connor MacRobert is substantially different in sound from Conan MacRobert or Conall MacRobert, because the vowel and the final consonants of the second syllable of the given names are different in each case. For example, William Dulford is substantially different in sound from William Muttford, as the consonants on both sides of the vowel in the first syllable of the byname have been changed. Likewise, Mary Catford is substantially different in sound from Mary Radford, and Godric of London is substantially different in sound from Godwin of London.

For example, Úna inghean Duinn is not substantially different in sound from Úna inghean Chuinn, because only one group of consonants in the final syllable of the byname has been changed. Margerie Walbrook is not substantially different in sound from Margery Walbank, because the given names sound identical and, although the second syllables of the bynames are different, no group of consonants in that syllable is completely changed. Mary Jones is not substantially different in sound from Marie Jones. While the most common modern pronunciation of the given names uses different vowel sounds for the first syllables of the given names and breaks the syllables in different places, one important late period and modern pronunciation makes both names the same (as MA-ree). Thus they conflict. While we do not go out of our way to consider variant pronunciations, we do consider important period and modern pronunciations of name elements.


4: Change to SENA PN.3.C.3. Substantial Change of Single-Syllable Name - New Rule Change

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Old Rule:

3. Substantial Change of Single-Syllable Name Phrase: Two names with a comparable single-syllable name phrase are eligible for this rule. A pair of name phrases are said to be comparable if they both have the same position in the name, such as given name or first byname. Comparable single-syllable name phrases are generally substantially different in sound if a group of adjacent vowels or of adjacent consonants within a word are completely changed, so that it shares no sound in common. In rare cases, the sound may still be too similar for this rule to clear the conflict. The change of a single letter is sufficient for two eligible name phrases to be different in appearance, as such name phrases are quite short. On a case by case basis, two-syllable names phrases may be eligible for this rule, such as Harry and Mary.

For example, John Smith is substantially different from Jane Smith. Anne Best is substantially different from Anne West. Ellen Lang is substantially different from Ellen Long. James Ed is substantially different from James Lead. In each case, an adjacent group of vowels or consonants is completely changed in sound and appearance.

For example, Matthew Joan is not substantially different from Matthew Jones because the n and nz groups share a sound and a letter. Richard Blott is not substantially different from Richard Lot because the bl and l group share a sound and a letter. Katerine de la Mar is not substantially different from Katerine de la Mor because they don't have comparable single-syllable name phrases and cannot use this rule.

New Rule:

3. Substantial Change to the Sound of a Single-Syllable Name Phrase: Two names with a comparable single-syllable name phrase are eligible for this rule. A pair of name phrases are said to be comparable if they both have the same position in the name, such as given name or first byname. Comparable single-syllable name phrases are generally substantially different in sound if a group of adjacent vowels or of adjacent consonants within a word are completely changed, so that it shares no sound in common. In rare cases, the sound may still be too similar for this rule to clear the conflict. On a case by case basis, two-syllable name phrases may be eligible for this rule, such as Harry and Mary.

For example, John Smith is substantially different in sound from Jane Smith. Anne Best is substantially different in sound from Anne West. Ellen Lang is substantially different in sound from Ellen Long. James Ed is substantially different in sound from James Lead. In each case, an adjacent group of vowels or consonants is completely changed in sound.

For example, Matthew Joan is not substantially different in sound from Matthew Jones because the n and nz consonant groups share a sound. Richard Blott is not substantially different in sound from Richard Lot because the bl and l consonant groups share a sound. Katerine de la Mar is not substantially different in sound from Katerine de la Mor because they don't have comparable single-syllable name phrases and cannot use this rule.


5: Change to SENA PN.3.C.4. Changes to the Appearance of Multiple Letters - New Rule Change

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

This submission adds an appearance change rule to SENA.

As currently written, SENA requires different numbers of changes in appearance depending on context: SENA PN.3.C.1 requires either 2 or 3 changes depending on whether the letters are adjacent, while SENA PN.3.C.2 requires only 2 changes when the letters are in the same syllable. The proposed rule simply requires 2 changes. Is this appropriate?

New Rule:

4. Changes to the Appearance of Multiple Letters

If a change in spelling (including addition or removal of letters and insertion or deletion of spaces) affects at least two letters or spaces, a name is substantially different in appearance. Changes to accents and punctuation do not contribute to substantial changes in appearance.

For example, Miriam Jones is substantially different in appearance from both Mary Jones and Marie Jones. Harry Jones is also different from Mary Jones, because the first letter has been changed and another letter has been removed. However, Maria Jones is not substantially different in appearance from Marie Jones, because only one letter is changed.

For example, Colin L'Estrange is not substantially different in appearance from Colin Lestrange: the insertion of the apostrophe does not contribute to substantial difference, and not enough letters have been changed. The Norse names Sleitu-Einarr and Sléttu-Steinarr are substantially different in appearance, but Sleitu-Einarr is not substantially different in appearance from Sléttu-Einarr, because the accent change does not contribute to difference, and thus only one letter has been changed.


6: Change to SENA PN.3.C.5. Substantial Change to the Appearance of a Short Name Phrase - New Rule Change

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

This submission adds an appearance change rule to SENA.

The submission innovates by suggesting that the "Harry/ Mary" rule (here "Harry/Larry") should apply specifically to the beginning of a name. Is this appropriate?

New Rule:

5. Substantial Change to the Appearance of a Short Name Phrase

Two names with a comparable one-word name phrase are eligible for this rule. A pair of name phrases are said to be comparable if they both have the same position in the name, such as given name or first byname. Changing one letter in words that both have four or fewer letters suffices for substantial difference in appearance. On a case by case basis, changes to the beginning of longer words, such as Harry and Larry, may also be eligible for this rule.

For example, Gwin ap Rees and Gwen ap Rees are substantially different in appearance, because we have changed one letter in a four-letter given name. However, Amice de Bailly is not substantially different in appearance from Avice de Bailly, because only one letter in a five-letter given name has changed. Mary Jones is not substantially different in appearance from Marry Jones, because one of the given names has more than four letters.


At Cynnabar this 11th day of December. Your old and humble servant, Ursula Georges, Palimpsest Herald.


OSCAR counts 6 Rule Changes. These 6 items may or may not require payment. There are a total of 6 items submitted on this letter.

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