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Æthelmearc LoI dated 2016-12-05

Greetings unto the College of Heralds from Elen Cornelian, for the Æthelmearc College of Heralds. This is Æ 187-A, containing items from Internal Letter 187 and some that have been pended from previous letters. We do not wish to inflict an endless Pennsic letter on the commenting public; thus, these letters will be smaller but released at closer intervals.

Our thanks to all who have commented internally.

This item was on the 03-2017 LoAR

1: Angelo da Calabria - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Client requests authenticity for Italian.

Herald of Record: Daithi Dubh

Angelo is a masculine given name found in "Italian Masculine Given Names from 15th- and 16th-century Viterbo" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/italian/viterbo.html) s.n. Angnilo, dated to 1511.

Filosofo da Calabria is found as the name of a person on what is labeled as page 154 of Libro Secondo in Croniche et Antichità Di Calabria by Girolamo Marafioti, published in 1601. (https://books.google.com/books?id=BcOFfzmMaCEC&pg=RA3-PA153&dq=%22da+Calabria%22&hl=en&sa=XXML_ENCOD ED_AMPERSANDamp;amp;ved=0ahUKEwjZm7DRlrDOAhVBOSYKHRsNC-MQ6AEIJjAB#v=onepage&q=%22da%20Calabria%22&f =false). If you download the .pdf, this is page 341.

<given> + <byname> is an acceptable pattern in Italian per SENA Appendix A.

From commentary: Maridonna Benvenuti supplies the following.

Additional docs for Calabria. "Calabria, regione, southern Italy, composed of the province of Catanzaro, Cosenza, Crotone, Reggio di Calabria, and Vibo Valentia. Sometimes referred to as the "toe" of the Italian "boot," Calabria is a peninsula of irregular shape, jutting out in a northeast-southwest direction from the main body of Italy and separating the Tyrrhenian and Ionian seas. In ancient times the region was the focus of powerful and prosperous Greek colonization, notably at Crotona, Sybaris, and Rhegium (Reggio di Calabria). After Rome subjugated the area, founding a colony at Brundisium (Brindisi) in 246 and capturing Tarentum (Taranto) in 209, the Ager Bruttius, as the region was then called, gradually declined into a remote provincial existence. Eventually it passed to the Byzantines, who called the region Calabria. From the 3rd century bc to the 7th century ad, the name Calabria had specifically referred to a district in the southeastern extremity of the Italian peninsula between the Adriatic and the Gulf of Tarentum... Written By:The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica"
https://www.britannica.com/place/Calabria-region-Italy


This item was on the 03-2017 LoAR

2: Badger Bag Bane - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Sound most important.

Herald of Record: Ranolfr Rosamon

Badger is an English byname, found in IGI FamilySearch:

Robert Badger, married Joan Smith 25 Jan 1573 at Stopham, Sussex, England (M07113-1, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NKBC-9JN).

By precedent, late period English surnames may be used as given names, and we intend to do so here.

Bag is an English byname, found in IGI FamilySearch:

William Bag, married Joan Bayley 7 Jun 1569 at Yarcombe, Devon, Sussex (M05220-1, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N2TF-L52).

Bane is an English byname, found in IGI FamilySearch:

John Bane, married Joan Hibbott 16 Feb 1564 at Sutton, Cambridge, England (M13834-1, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NVB9-TVW).

<given> + <byname> + <byname> is an acceptable pattern in English per SENA Appendix A.

Though the submitter specified minor changes only, they will specifically accept adding a conjunction such as Badger the Bag bane or combining the two bynames into a single name Bagbane or Bag-bane.

No conflicts were found.


This item was on the 03-2017 LoAR

3: Bjorn Einarsson - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2006, via Æthelmearc.

(Fieldless) a pageant wagon azure

Herald of Record: Cormac Mor

From commentary -- Modar Volk notes that the 3rd edition Pic Dic iteration of this, referenced by the Herald of Record, "is a Society variant of the wagon that has not been attested to in period heraldry." (http://mistholme.com/dictionary/wagon/) Etienne Sea Stag argues that as a period artifact, this is fine but requires documentation; thus you will find both in the packet and the images attached the painting linked, The Triumph of the Archduchess Isabella in the Brussels Ommeganck (detail), Denijs van Alsloot (1570-1628), oil on canvas, Flemish, 1615. Museum no. 5928-1859. (http://www.vam.ac.uk/__data/assets/image/0003/182469/2006AE9673_triumph_of_the-_archduchess.jpg)

Further, Sólveig Keystone gives us the framework for a Step from Period Practice; per SENA A.2.B.4.c, this falls under Other Period Artifacts. As there is only one SFPP here, the design is thus forwarded for consideration.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1556/2016-12-01/05-20-17_bjorn_einarsson_badge_doc_triumphofthearchduchess.jpg


This item was on the 03-2017 LoAR

4: Bjǫrn ǫrvarbrjotr - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Meaning (breaker of arrows) most important.

Herald of Record: Rhiannon Morgaine

Bjǫrn is a masculine Old Norse given name found on page 8 of Geirr Bassi Haraldsson's The Old Norse Name.

örvarbrjotr is an Old Norse byname constructed according to the ruling on Old Norse "thing-breaker" byname construction in the March 2016 LoAR [Brandr nefsbrjotr Aronsson, A- East]. örvar appears to be the plural genitive case of "arrow" found in Cleasby & Vigfusson. During commentary, it was found that Cleasby and Vigfusson generally substituted umlauts for ogoneks owing to printing necessities; therefore this name will become ǫrvarbrjotr. Construction was confirmed as fine.

<given> + <byname> is an acceptable pattern in Old Norse per SENA Appendix A.


This item was on the 03-2017 LoAR

5: Bjǫrn Skyti - New Name & New Device

Or, a cask fesswise proper within a bordure vert

No major changes.
Sound (bjorn skee-tee) most important.

Herald of Record: Lilie Dubh inghean ui Mordha

Bjǫrn is a masculine Old Norse given name found on page 8 of Geirr Bassi Haraldsson's The Old Norse Name.

Skyti is a descriptive Old Norse byname found on page 27 of Geirr Bassi, meaning "marksman, shooter, archer".

By precedent set in the April 2012 LoAR Cover Letter (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2012/04/12-04cl.html), Old Norse descriptive bynames may be capitalized.

<given> + <byname> is an acceptable pattern in Old Norse per SENA Appendix A.

---

Herald of Record: Michael Langley

Cask has been colored according to client's wishes (proper being brown with black banding).


This item was on the 03-2017 LoAR

6: Blackstone Mountain, Barony of - New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 1993, via the East.

Order of the Black Stone

Herald of Record: Rhiannon Morgaine

Order of the Black Stone follows the pattern of naming Orders in the form of color + heraldic charge, seen in Juliana de Luna's "Medieval Secular Order Names" (heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/).

The phrase "Black Stone" is not grandfathered to the Barony, as was pointed out in commentary; nevertheless, the logic behind the color + heraldic charge pattern is sound. Shamelessly borrowing from An Tir, the OED (which is subscription only, hence the borrowing) does indeed list forms of "black" going back to the 9th century. The Pic Dic lists "stone" under "Rock; stone" as a smaller variant of a rock.


This item was on the 03-2017 LoAR

7: Caterina da Venezia - New Name & New Device

Azure, an owl displayed maintaining between three lilies an arrow fesswise argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.

Herald of Record: Beatrice Domenici della Campana

Caterina is a feminine Italian given name, specifically Venetian, found in "Names from Sixteenth Century Venice" by Juliana de Luna (https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/16thcvenice.html)

da Venezia is a locative byname based on the city of Venezia, which is listed in the place names index of "Florentine Renaissance Resources: Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532," edited by David Herlihy, R. Burr Litchfield, and Anthony Molho (http://cds.library.brown.edu/projects/tratte/doc/ORIGIN.html).

The form da X is the standard form for a locative in Italian according to Appendix A of SENA. <given> + <byname> requires no further documentation.

Found clear, in commentary, of Caterina d'Este da Venezia registered in December of 1999 (via Atlantia), by the removal of the underlined syllable from the byname (SENA PN.3.C.2. Substantial Change to One Syllable).

---

Herald of Record: Konrad Mailander

Commentators could not agree on what sort of lily this was, per se, but were agreed that these were at least some kind, either plain lilies or water lilies. Michael Gerard Curtememoire offered the alternate blazon of Azure, an owl displayed maintaining an arrow fesswise between three water lilies in profile argent. We leave it to Wreath to decide what precise type of lily we have on our hands.


This item was on the 03-2017 LoAR

8: Cormacc mac Gilla Brigde - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in August of 2012, via Æthelmearc.

Per saltire vert and argent, four sea horses counterchanged

Herald of Record: Sólveig Þróndardóttir

It was noted in commentary that the default posture for sea-horses is, in fact, erect.


This item was on the 03-2017 LoAR

9: Friderich Swartzwalder - New Device Change

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 2009, via the East.

Per saltire gules and sable, on a double-headed eagle Or two lilies of the valley in saltire purpure

Old Item: Per saltire gules and sable, on a double-headed eagle Or two halberds in saltire sable, to be released.

Herald of Record: Cormac Mor

In commentary, it was felt that the lilies of the valley could be larger with slightly more prominent bells, but that this did not merit a redraw so much as a note.


This item was on the 03-2017 LoAR

10: Fucha de la Rua - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 1991, via the East.

Sable, a bend sinister wavy argent masoned sable, in dexter chief a house argent

Herald of Record: Cormac Mor

Submitter's previous device, Gules, on a quadruply-towered Eastern castle Or a mushroom counter-ermine, in base a scimitar fesswise Or, was returned August 1995 (from the East, because we weren't a kingdom yet). This is a complete redesign.


This item was on the 03-2017 LoAR

11: Gaius Plinius Iustinianus - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2010, via Æthelmearc.

Argent, a winged card pique and in chief an annulet sable

Herald of Record: Michael Langley

The name on the form is Gais Plinius justinian; our records have this gentle as Gaius Plinius Iustinianus.

In commentary, ffride wlffsdotter brought up the return of Miro di Marco (April 2015, http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2015/04/15-04lar.html#195) for an overly formy foot; concerns over this foot were discussed, as the client's card-pique has a foot somewhere between straight and formy. Michael Gerard Curtememoire included an example of card-piques registered shortly after this decision, those on Randall Blackwolf's device, which we are including as an example in the images (July 2015, http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2015/07/15-07lar.html#46). Note that this example was registered without comment. We thus felt it appropriate to send this particular card-pique up for consideration.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1556/2016-12-02/02-48-46_16-08-13_RandallBlackwolf.PNG


This item was on the 03-2017 LoAR

12: Geirrekr gullskeggr Thorvaldsson - New Name & New Device

Per fess argent ermined azure and azure ermined argent, a triple-towered castle counterchanged azure and argent

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Herald of Record: Rhiannon Morgaine

Geirrekr is an Old Norse male given name found in Geirr Bassi Haraldsson's The Old Norse Name on page 10.

gullskeggr is an Old Norse descriptive found in Geirr Bassi on page 22, meaning "gold-beard".

Thorvaldsson is an Old Norse patronymic byname constructed from Thorvaldr, which is found as Þorvaldr on page 16 of Geirr Bassi. This name is Thorvalds- in the genitive; combined with -son, we get the patronymic construction as demonstrated on page 17. Further support from this construction was found in commentary by ffride wlffsdotter, who noted that Lind col. 1212 put Þorvaldr in the genitive as Þorvalds- the majority of the time. We are thus comfortable sending this up as-is.

<given> + <descriptive> + <patronymic> has been documented in Old Norse in "Naming Construction and Patterns", s.n. Scandinavian, compiled by Laurel staff (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/patterns.html). Per SENA Appendix D, the client is consistently choosing to transliterate the name with no special characters whatsoever, and this is permissible in Old Norse.

---

Herald of Record: Cormac Mor


This item was on the 03-2017 LoAR

13: Gunnar Thorbjarnarson - New Name & New Device

Per chevron azure and argent, a bear rampant contourny sable, a chief embattled argent.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Sound (Gunnar is the most important sound element) most important.

Herald of Record: Thomas Haworth

Gunnar is a Scandinavian masculine name found in the Diplomatarium Norvegicum as Gunnar grionbaker before 1220 (http://www.dokpro.uio.no/perl/middelalder/diplom_vise_tekst.prl?b=2296&s=n&str=Gunnar)

The byname listed on this form is Thorbjararnson. That said, the documentation supports the Old Norse masculine Thorbjarnarson. It cites Thorbjorn as the root, found as Þorbjǫrn on page 16 of Geirr Bassi Haraldsson's The Old Norse Name. In the genitive, as depicted on page 18 ibid., this name is Thorbjarnar-. We can therefore construct Thorbjarnarson as an Old Norse masculine byname. Further, Elsbeth Wulffeld notes in commentary that the documentation that came with the form does support the spelling Thorbjarnarson. We will include this proof as an image below, in addition to placing it in the packet.

<given> + <byname> needs no further documentation in Old Norse per SENA Appendix A.

---

Herald of Record: Thory Vedardottir

In commentary, Shannon inghaen Bhriain uí Dhuilleaín found this device clear of Gareth le Bruin (registered November 1993 via Meridies), Per chevron throughout azure and argent, a bear rampant sable within a double tressure counterchanged. This device changes the type of charge in the secondary charge group from a tressure to a chief, half the field from azure and argent to plain azure, and possibly a change in number in the secondary charge group from what is coded as two tressures (doubled) to one chief. We defer to Wreath, of course, as to whether this is sufficient.

We felt that, though this bear was indeed stylized, it was still recognizably a bear and thus potentially registrable.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1556/2016-12-02/03-04-17_Gunnar_Thorbjararnson-Name-2718-EXTRA.jpg


This item was on the 03-2017 LoAR

14: Istor of Beaver Nob - New Name & New Device

Argent, a beaver statant erect affronty, maintaining in his dexter forepaw a spear, wearing an open faced leather helm Proper and maintaining on his chest in sinister forepaw a drinking horn argent

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Sound (Sound of given name) most important.

Herald of Record: Thomas Haworth

Istor is a given name found in FamilySearch on a microfilm dated to 1600:

Istor Webster, christened 2 Nov 1600 at Tanworth, Warwickshire, England (FHL microfilm 229,128, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VH6N-YYS)

In commentary, it was mentioned that this may be a scribal attempt at an entirely different name. Nevertheless, this is what made it into the records.

of Beaver Nob is a constructed locative in modern English, based on Beverstone in Ekwall, with Byferes stan dating to 1048; Ekwall derives this from the Old English byfor, a side-form of beofor, meaning "beaver". Bardsley gives us Beaver as a byname (s.n. Beaver, Beever, Bever).

Nob is defined in the MED s.v. nabbe as a toponym meaning projecting peak, knoll. Barettnab (c. 1250) del Nabbes (c. 1346) The Nobbs (c. 1400). We are aware of multiple alternate meanings of "nob". We are also aware that offensiveness is not decided at kingdom-level and therefore leave it to Pellycan to decide.

This is a compound place name formed by <family name> + <generic topographic feature>, per "Compound Placenames in English" by Juliana de Luna (http://medievalscotland.org/jes/EnglishCompoundPlacenames/).

<given> + <byname> needs no further documentation in English per SENA Appendix A.

---

Herald of Record: Michael Langley

There was some concern regarding identifiability of the various parts of this critter and what he's carrying. Nevertheless, we have sent this up for the greater College and ultimately Wreath and Laurel to decide.

This helm was patterned after a particular helm given to the artist by the submitter at Herald's Point. Regrettably, the photograph of the helm did not make it to us.


This item was on the 03-2017 LoAR

15: Rabi'ah bint Mustafa - New Device

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as Rabi'ah bint Mustafa in December of 2001, via Atlantia.

Purpure, a flame Or charged with a rose gules

---

Herald of Record: Katherine Coscombe

In commentary, Elsbeth Wulffeld found this close to Anton LaFlamme de Saint Aubin, (Fieldless) On a flame Or an ant azure (Dec 2016-East). This should receive a DC apiece for field (azure vs purpure) and charge (rose gules vs ant azure). We leave this to the judgment of the College at large and to Wreath and Laurel, of course.


This item was on the 03-2017 LoAR

16: Robert Hawksworth - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Sound most important.

Herald of Record: Arwyn of Leicester

It was noted in commentary that we require, in fact, only one piece of documentation to justify this name:

Robert Hawksworth, married Dority Rawson 19 Oct 1601 at Cantley, York, England (M00724-1, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N23P-L8Z)

<given> + <byname> needs no further documentation in English per SENA Appendix A.


This item was on the 03-2017 LoAR

17: Sesilía Óttarsdóttir - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Meaning (Daughter of Ottarr) most important.

Herald of Record: Rhiannon Morgaine

Sesilía is found on p. 14 of Geirr Bassi as a feminine given name.

Óttarr is found on p. 14 of Geirr Bassi as a male given name. This name forms the submitted patronymic Óttarsdóttir. Construction per Geirr Bassi (p. 17, -rr goes to -rs in the genitive).

<given> + <byname> needs no further documentation in Old Norse per SENA Appendix A.


This item was on the 03-2017 LoAR

18: Silvester Burchardt - New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: the old name was registered in April of 2003, via the East.

Old Item: Sylvester Burchardt, to be released.
Spelling (as submitted) most important.

Silvester is an English male given name documented 13 times in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "16th Century Names from Ormskirk Parish Registers" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/ormskirk/), s.n. Silvester (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/ormskirk/silvester.html) between 1570 and 1600.

Burchardt is grandfathered to the submitter per SENA PN.1.B.2.g (the Grandfather Clause): In a new personal name submission, an individual may use name phrases already registered to them, even if that name phrase would no longer be allowed under the current rules. Only the exact, actual name phrase from the registered form may be used, not variants, patterns, etc.

<given> + <byname> is an acceptable naming pattern per SENA Appendix A.

NB: Client is under the impression that the holding name on the form (Douglas of Ostgardr) is the one currently registered. If it is, in fact, currently registered, that should be released as well.


This item was on the 03-2017 LoAR

19: Spencer Oranwood - New Name & New Device

Potent, a compass star, and on a chief raguly Or three orange trees fructed couped proper

No changes.

Herald of Record: Juliana de Luna

Spencer is a late period English given name derived from a family name; Spencer is dated as a byname to 1560 in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "16th Century Names from Ormskirk Parish Registers" s.n. Edmund (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/ormskirk/edmund.html). Spencer is also his legal name.

Oranwood is grandfathered to the submitter; Drake Oranwood is his father. (See attached attestation.) That element bears no resemblance to his mundane name.

Per SENA Appendix A, <given> + <byname> requires no further documentation in English.

---

Herald of Record: Wynne ferch Rhodri

Commentary discussed the possibility that this device is overly complicated per SENA. A.3.E.2 (http://heraldry.sca.org/sena.html#A3E2) asks us to count "proper" tinctures separately, such that these orange trees fructed couped proper would have three tinctures, two if we cite precedent that "the tree proper of the device can be (and was) argued as adding a complexity count of only two, because the tree is visually expected to be brown and green" (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/1995/08/lar.html s.n. Wilhelm der Wulf von dem Schwarzwald).

A complexity count of nine is right on the border, also per precedent. (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2008/10/08-10lar.html s.n. Aurelia Chrysanthina Dalassene; http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2009/07/09-07lar.html s.n. Desiderata Drake). Sometimes Laurel will register such armory if it reflects good period style. Sometimes Laurel will return it. We are typically permitted a complexity count of eight, which means it must be Laurel's call, not ours, if we cannot decide -- and we cannot decide in this case how to count the various tinctures and charges here.

We note that this device has a step from period practice in the form of a compass star.


E. Woderose, Cornelian Herald
Melodia Beaupel, Garnet Herald


OSCAR counts 11 New Names, 1 New Name Change, 1 New Order Name, 8 New Devices, 1 New Device Change and 2 New Badges. These 24 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $96 for them. OSCAR counts 1 Resub Device. This item is not chargeable. There are a total of 25 items submitted on this letter.

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