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Ansteorra LoI dated 2016-10-13

Greetings and Salutations to the Sovereigns and College of Arms

The Kingdom of Ansteorra humbly submits for registration the following heraldic items.

This letter involves commentary from one internal letter. Commentary can be found at https://oscar.sca.org/kingdom/kingloi.php?kingdom=8&loi=3932. Unless otherwise noted, the submitter has no desire for authenticity and allows any changes.

This letter contains submissions from Ansteorra ILoI issued 2016-07-08 and ended 2016-08-10.

1: Aliénor de Loucelles - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Culture (Provencal) most important.

Aliénor s.n. Eleanor pp. 96-97 Withycombe, DICN

Alienor is a feminine personal name (accent over e), cited as Provencal in Feminine Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames by Talan Gwynek http://www/s-gabriel.org/names/talan/reany The information above is found in parentheses after the header Eleanor. This name is a variant of Ellen. A variety of spelling are found: Alianor (1281), Alienor (1202,1211), Alienora (1199, 1213). Most examples cited are in the 13th century.

de Loucelles -- already registered ith submitter's legal Father, see attached letter.


2: Antonia Aureliana - New Name & New Device

Azure, a fess Or between four billets in chief and a cinquefoil argent

Sound most important.
Spelling (anything except Aurelia) most important.

http://heraldry.sca.org/names/roman.html#women

As in men's names, the cognomen followed the nomen. Thus, the typical pattern for an Imperial Roman woman's name is:

Feminine Nomen + Feminine Cognomen

Like Imperial Roman men, Imperial Roman women treated the cognomen as the given or personal name. For example, Claudia Severa signed her personal letters Severa.

Antonina : Antoninus is shown on this page as a cognomen; the feminine form would be Antonina.

Aureliana : submitter offers http://www.ancient.eu/dacia/, which mentions Emperor Aurelian. However, his name was Lucius Domitius Aurelianus which Asterisk thinks documents Aurelianus/Aureliana as a cognomen but not a nomen. Submitter specifically rejects the easy to document Aurelia.

From Commentary:

Auraliana is found in _Common Names of the Aristocracy in the Roman Empire During the 6th and 7th Centuries_ by Bardas Xiphias. Bardas states, "First, the names during the period covered by the PLRE were written in Latin or Greek. As a research tool, the PLRE has normalized and Latinized them... for masculine names, I included only those which were "common"- that is those which were shared by at least two people. Since the sample was so small and so biased, I included all feminine names of Roman origin." http://heraldry.sca.org/names/byzantine/PLRE_fem_names.html

Originally submitted as <Aureliana Antonina>, during the discussion on the ILoI regarding the cognomen issue with Aureliana, approved the change to <Antonia Aureliana>. ILoI: https://oscar.sca.org/kingdom/kingloi.php?kingdom=8&loi=3932#2


3: Ceallach mac Domhnaill - New Name & New Device

Argent, three peacocks in their pride proper.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Sound most important.

Ceallach is the Early Modern Irish Gaelic (c.1200-c.1700) form, in Index of Names in Irish Annals by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Cellach.shtml).

mac patronymic marker

Domhnaill Early Modern Irish Gaelic (c1200-c1700) genitive form

by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada

http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Domnall.shtml

From Commentary: <Ceallach mac Domhnaill> is the way to go for 13th-16th century Irish Gaelic.

http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnglicizedIrish/Masculine.shtml

Originally submitted as <Ceallach MacDonal>, submitter was informed about options to stay within one orthography, and has asked that we change his submission to <Ceallach mac Domhnaill>.


4: Eadric Wolf - New Name & New Device

Per bend sinister argent and sable a bend sinister between two wolf heads couped counterchanged.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Sound most important.

Eadric R & W s.m. Edrich gives the datied forms Edricus (1066), Edrich(1200)(1275), and Eadric (1221) as surnames. Eadric is also cited from Anglo-Saxon names Aelfwyn aet Gyrum, A history of the English Church and People.

http://heraldry.sca.org/names/eng13/eng13.html

Given Names from Early 13th Century England

R&W sn. Nave

<Eadric Nauere> 13th c.

(the) Wolf

R&W sn. Wolf:

<John le Wolf> 1279

SENA appendix A -- Middle/Early modern English - descriptive, may use article the/le or omit it.


5: Elric Netterville - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Elric

Reaney & Wilson, pp. 5-6 s.n. Aldrich, date Elric to 1066.

Netterville

Submitter's legal last name as shown on DL.

Submitter was using his Legal name allowance, but in commentary, the following documentation was offered:

The _Calendar of the Justiciary Rolls, or, Proceedings in the Court of the Justiciar of Ireland Preserved in the Public Record Office of Ireland_ includes late 13th- and 14th-century forms of "de Netterville" in volumes I (indexed on p. 534; https://archive.org/details/calendarofjustic01irel), II (p. 583; https://archive.org/details/calendarofjustic02irel), and III (p. 378; https://archive.org/details/calendarofjustic03irel). Options include "Netteruile", "Neteruile", "Neteruyle", "Netteruile", "Netteruille", "Nettervill", "Nettreuill", "Netteruill", "Neteruill", "Nettiruill", and "Nettrevill". In that company, "Netterville" is unexceptional. Appendix A mentions, "Late period family names tend to drop articles and prepositions," so there should be no issue discarding the "de".


6: Herold von Wolfratshausen - New Name & New Device

Per bend gules and lozengy bendwise sinster gules and argent, on a bend Or four mullets of six points azure

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Sound (similar to Harold) most important.
Culture (14th c. Bavaria) most important.

Herold personal name found in Deutsches Namenlexikon by Hans Bahlow (pg. 241) dated to 1323.

Wolfratshausen is a place name, found in Bayrisch Stammen-Buch : Der erst (ander) Theirl, Von den Abgestorbnen Fürsten, Pfalz-, March-, Landt- und Burggraven, Graven ... deß löblichen Fürstenthumbs in Bayrn etc

by Wiguleus Hund, Sartorius, 1598.

On page 216 in the second line, Wolfratshausen is dated to 1357. (see attached image)

https://books.google.com/books?id=TB9DAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA186&source=gbs_toc_r&cad=4#v=onepage&q&f=false

von is the standard German place name locative per SENA app. A.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1792/2016-09-01/16-59-42_herold1.jpg


7: Lynette Turner - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Spelling (Lynette is mundane name) most important.

Lynette is the submitter's legal first name. Copy of DL included.

In commentary it was noted that Lynette can be found as Linette, s.n. Linet, is found in Alys Ogress' KWHSS article _Something Rich and Strange: "Undocumentable" Names From The IGI Parish Records_ by Alys Mackyntoich, LINETTE COLLETT 1577, LINETTE DEL BRESSINE 1583, LINETTE HUENSIS 1603 in Belgium. In the same article the Belgian masculine given name Lina uses show the "i" and "y" spellings. http://heraldry.sca.org/names/SomethingRichandStrange.html

<NR>SENA, Appendix C notes that English/Welsh names can be mixed with Dutch, French and Gaelic names 1100-1600. Hopefully this includes Belgium in our period.

Turner -- Ralph le Turner (1191-1192) is in the Pipe Rolls of Leicestershire.

familysearch.org gives

Thomas Turner as the father of a bride in Kidderminster, Worcester, England, in 1541 (batch no M04395-3) as well as many other Englishmen and women with the surname Turner in the 16th c.

Turner can also be found in _Names found in Cam, Gloucestershire, Marriage Registers 1569-1600_ by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Friedemann) and dated to 1587, 1591. http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/cam.html


8: Marita Böe - New Device

OSCAR finds the name on the Ansteorra LoI of April 18, 2016 as submitted.

Per chevron argent and azure, an increscent and a decrescent purpure and an owl argent


9: Robin of Gilwell - New Heraldic Title

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 1981, via Ansteorra.

Rapier Herald

Meaning (Rapier) most important.

<Rapier> - Heraldic Title, derived from a heraldic charge. Juliana de Luna's "Heraldic Titles from the Middle Ages and Renaissance" gives this as the third-most-common pattern for heraldic titles, and says it is most frequently found in the titles of English pursuivants. (http://medievalscotland.org/jes/HeraldicTitles/heraldic_titles_by_type.shtml#CHARGES, copy attached).

The rapier is a heraldic charge. See Bruce Draconarius' Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry (3rd Ed. Online, citing Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, the National Library of Bavaria). The PicDic lists rapiers as appearing in the canting arms (Italian spada) of Spatafora [BSB Cod.Icon 273:243]. (http://mistholme.com/?s=rapier, copy attached).

The OED s.n. "rapier" dates the spelling "rapier(s)" to c. 1590 (copy attached).

The right to a heraldic title was granted on November 14, 2015 by Sara Penrose, then Star Principal Herald (copy attached).

This submission was returned most recently at Laurel on the 12/2003 LoAR for conflict with the <Dreiburgen School of Rapier>: http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2003/12/03-12lar.html. Under SENA, this no longer conflicts with <Dreiburgen School of Rapier> because <Dreiburgen> is now no longer transparent for purposes of determining conflict. Further, permission to conflict from the Barony of Dreiburgen is attached. This also does not conflict with <Carolingian Rapier Company> or <Rapier Champion> or <Baronial Rapier Champion> as per precdent: "This title does not conflict with Carolingian Rapier Company (Carolingia, Barony of, November 1989), Rapier Champion (Atlantia, Kingdom of, March 1994), or Baronial Rapier Champion (Ponte Alto, Barony of, April 2001) because these items are generic identifiers and are not actually registered items. Generic identifiers are "functional, generic, and thus not held to conflict standards" (Cover Letter for the January 1993 LoAR). They may optionally include a reference to the branch name, but such a reference does not negate the generic nature of the identifier."


10: Sara Penrose - New Heraldic Title

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 1999, via Ansteorra.

White Heron Herald

Meaning (White Heron) most important.

White Heron Heraldic Title, derived from a heraldic charge. Juliana de Luna's "Heraldic Titles from the Middle Ages and Renaissance" gives this as the third-most-common pattern for heraldic titles, and says it is most frequently found in the titles of English pursuivants. in England, charges are sometimes combined with a color, often French. The color "white" appears several times in the cited examples, in the forms of "Blanc", "Blanch", and "Blanche", all of which can be rendered into "White" using the Lingua Anglica allowance.

http://medievalscotland.org/jes/HeraldicTitles/heraldic_titles_by_type.shtml

The heron is a heraldic charge, which Bruce Draconarious" Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry lists as appearing in the canting arms of Heron, c. 1255, citing Humphery-Smith, C.R. Anglo-Norman Armory Two: An ordinary of 13th Century armorials. Institute of Heraldic and Genealogical Studies, 1984.

http://mistholme.com/?s=heron

The O.E.D. s.n. "heron" dates the spelling "heron" to c. 1405-, 1530, and 1577.

Per the Cover Letter of the December 13 LoAR, the right to a heraldic title was granted by Andrewe Bawldwyn as his last act as Star Principal Herald at Winter Crown Tournament, January 11,2014 http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2013/12/13-12cl.html#10


11: Sarah Rois Netterville - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No changes.

Sarah

Sarah Adam; female; burial 19 Feb 1551; Tydd-St. Mary, Lincoln, England; batch no. B03306-3; https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JCMW-V3F

Rois

John Rois; male; marriage 15 Aug 1605; Saint Botolph,Cambridge,Cambridge,England; batch no. M13048-1; https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N2KM-FL2

Netterville is the submitter's legal last name.

The _Calendar of the Justiciary Rolls, or, Proceedings in the Court of the Justiciar of Ireland Preserved in the Public Record Office of Ireland_ includes late 13th- and 14th-century forms of "de Netterville" in volumes I (indexed on p. 534; https://archive.org/details/calendarofjustic01irel), II (p. 583; https://archive.org/details/calendarofjustic02irel), and III (p. 378; https://archive.org/details/calendarofjustic03irel). Options include "Netteruile", "Neteruile", "Neteruyle", "Netteruile", "Netteruille", "Nettervill", "Nettreuill", "Netteruill", "Neteruill", "Nettiruill", and "Nettrevill". In that company, "Netterville" is unexceptional.


12: Seneca of Raven's Fort - New Name & New Device

Seneca of Raven's Fort

Sable, an owl affronty argent grasping an arrow fesswise, point to dexter Or and on flaunches argent two flames gules

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.

Seneca Bulsell, a boy christened in England 1595 (batch C00311-7). https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J92D-Q49?print=true

Seneca is found as a masculine given name in "Vicentine Names from the 14th to 16th Centuries" by Andrea Hicks. In the masc. name list there are several ancient names. Although ancient or pagan given names were rare footnote 1 notes the Pindemonte family from Verona names sons Demosthenes, Hector, Pliny, Seneca, Tullius. https://s-gabriel.org/names/maridonna/vicentine.html#loc


13: Stephan Draco - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Stephan

Stephan is found in German Given Names 1200-1250, Alphabetical Lists, by Talan Gwynek (Brian M. Scott) http://heraldry.sca.org/names/germ13alpha.html

Draco

Draco is found as a given name in Alys Ogress' 2015 KWHSS article NAMES FROM THE SIGNET OF MATILDA OF TUSCANY (1072-1115) Alys Mackyntoich (Alissa Pyrich) and dated to 1114. http://eoforwic.ca/kwhss2015/?page_id=26

According to SENA Appendix C German and Italian can be combined throughout SCA period. SENA Appendix A, Patterns, shows Italian patronyms can be marked or unmarked.


14: Þorbjôrn orðlokarr - New Name & New Device

Argent, on a bend between two feathers bendwise sable a feather argent.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (Old Norse) most important.
Culture most important.

Þorbjôrn First name documentation Grettis saga

http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/VarangianNames.shtml#SagaVarangians

Men Mentioned in the Sagas who Served in the Varangian Guard of Byzantium

Þorbjôrn ôngull Þórðar son Grettis saga after 1031 Icelander.

(From ffride in commentary: While the Viking Answer Lady site says Þorbjôrn, it's pretty obviously a typo for an o-ogonek, hence <Þorbjǫrn>. A variant with consonantal i appears 55 times in Viking Names found in Landnámabók by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/landnamabok.html) as Þorbiǫrn. )

orðlokarr Byname documentation : Geirr Bassi, Landnámabók

http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/vikbynames.html

Viking Bynames found in the Landnámabók by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Uckelman)

orðlokarr word-plane, one who shapes his words carefully 1


15: Titus Aurelius Marcianus - New Name & New Device

Sable, a bend sinister azure fimbriated argent and in chief a mullet Or

http://heraldry.sca.org/names/roman.html

Male citizens of the Roman Empire used the tria nomina (literally, "three names"). The tria nomina consisted of three different types of name elements, in the following order:

Praenomen + Nomen + Cognomen.

Titus listed as a praenomen

Aurelius listed as a nomen

Marcianus listed as a cognomen


16: Wyldewode, Canton of - Resub Branch Name & Resub Device

Per fess embattled Or and azure, three chevronels braced vert and a savage's head couped within a laurel wreath Or.

Wyldewode is constructed English place-name from English Elements.

The MED s.v. wīld(e (adj.) (http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED52749) gives place names using this element: Wyldhulle (1365), Wyldedyche (c. 1380), Wyldegrene (1402), Wyldehelle (1433).

The MED s.v. wọ̄de (n.(2)) (http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=byte&byte=247306017) has: Southewood (1450), Rostwode (1312), rastwode (1320-21), Halfewode (c. 1400), Summewode/

Sumerewode (1307), Quenewode (1478), Holtewodez (c.1400).

Earlier submission, Canton of Wildwood Keep, was returned because Keep could not be supported as an element of a place name. Comments received on that submission (http://oscar.sca.org/kingdom/kingloi.php?kingdom=8&loi=3757) include:

Alys Mackyntoich (Ogress) at 2016-05-09 18:56:29

"The docs right now support <Wyldewode> -- we should find out how early the spelling -wood starts being used and get documentation for that.

<Wyldwood> here is structured like a compound place name, and follows the patterns were see in Juliana de Luna's "Compound Place Names in English" (http://medievalscotland.org/jes/EnglishCompoundPlacenames/)."

and

Maridonna Benvenuti at 2016-05-16 07:43:06

"From the OED via my library, wildwood, n... A forest of natural growth, or allowed to grow naturally; an uncultivated or unfrequented wood. (In later use chiefly poet.)

attrib.

a1568 in Bannatyne MS (Hunterian Club) 291/73 Ane heklit hud maid of the wyld wode sege.

a1616 Shakespeare Cymbeline (1623) iv. ii. 392 When With wild wood-leaues & weeds, I ha' strew'd his graue."


In Service,

Lady Elena Wyth

Bordure


OSCAR counts 12 New Names, 2 New Heraldic Titles and 8 New Devices. These 22 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $88 for them. OSCAR counts 1 Resub Branch Name and 1 Resub Device. These 2 items are not chargeable. There are a total of 24 items submitted on this letter.

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