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East LoI dated 2008-05-21

Unto Elisabeth Laurel, Jeanne Marie Wreath, Margaret Pelican, the SCA College of Arms, and all others who do receive this letter, greetings from Brunissende Dragonette de Broceliande, Blue Tyger Herald.

It is the intent of Easterners to register the following items.

Unless otherwise noted, the submitter has no desire for authenticity, allows any changes, and allows a holding name.

This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

1: Alexandre Bautista de la Mar - New Name & New Device

Purpure, on a cross between four galleons Or, five roses sable.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (late 15th to early 16th century Spain) most important.
Culture (late 15th to early 16th century Spain) most important.

Alexandre is found as a masculine given name in Juliana de Luna's "Spanish Names from the Late 15th Century" (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/isabella/index.html).

Bautista is dated to 1571 as a masculine name in Elsbeth Ann Roth's "16th Century Spanish Names" (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/spanish/index.html).

de la Mar is a byname found in Juliana's article (op. cit.). The same article's list of complete names shows the pattern of the name (given + unmarked patronymic + locative), for example Anton Lucas de Borbon and Ruy Garcia de la Calle.


This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

2: Caitriona inghean Chalbhaigh - New Name & New Device

Vert, on a bend between six thistles argent, a hawk volant sable.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (Scottish/Gaelic) most important.
Culture (Scottish/Gaelic) most important.

Caitríona is given as the standard Early Modern spelling of the name of 15 women in Mari Elspeth nic Bryan's "Index of Names in Irish Annals", dated between 1360 and 1654 (http://www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/). The accent on the 'i' has been dropped intentionally.

inghean Chalbhaigh is meant as a patronymic, 'daughter of Calbhach'. OCM s.n. Calbhach says this is a masculine name, meaning 'bald', which "was common in the later Middle Ages," and was Anglicized as 'Charles'. For the genitive, Woulfe has an entry under the header Mac Calbhaigh. He gives the grey-area Anglicized spelling M'Callvagh, and later Englishings of Mac Calvey and Calvey, and says it's shortened from Mac an Chalbhaigh. This latter heading is not part of the limited preview of Woulfe on Google, although the end of what must be this entry is at the top of p. 311: "(an Irish personal name, meaning 'the bald'); a rare surname." According to "Lenition in Gaelic Naming, Step by Step" by Sharon Krossa (http://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/lenitionstepbystep.shtml), an initial C lenites to Ch after 'inghean', hence Chalbhaigh.

Judging by the Annals Index, it's more common to be descended from "the bald" than from "Baldy", but it seems the lenition and such is correct: the raw data under Máire lists Maire inghen An Chalbhaigh (plus several more generations) dated 1561.

This device is clear of Alisaundre Quinnye (Apr. 1998 Atlantia): Vert, on a bend between six roses argent a cat's face palewise sable, with one CD for the type of the secondary charges and another for the complete change of type of the tertiary.


This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

3: Clare Lightfote - New Name & New Device

Vert, a domestic cat rampant and on a chief Or two dragonflies vert.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Sound most important.

Clare is dated to 1379 under Clara in Talan Gwynek's "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/reaneyAG.html).

Lightfote occurs twice in "Index to the 1332 Lay Subsidy Rolls, Lincolnshire" by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/LincLSR/).

This device squeaks through with just some close calls for conflict.

Beibhinn Ni Dhonnamhain (Jan. 1999 Meridies): Vert, a falcon close contourny and a lion rampant Or maintaining between them a sword argent, on a chief Or a harp vert, there's one CD for the number of primary charges and one for the type and number of tertiaries.

Versus Finn hua Cellaig (Aug. 2001 Atenveldt): Vert, a lion rampant contourny and a chief Or, there's a CD for the orientation of the cat and another for adding the tertiary charges.

Versus Laszlo Oroszlanveri: Vert, a lion rampant dismembered Or, multiply vulned gules, we get one CD for adding the chief and another for adding the charges on the chief.

Finally, against Edward of Denby Woods (Feb. 1997 East): Vert, a lion rampant, on a chief embattled Or, a sword gules, there's one CD for the type of chief, and one for the type and number of tertiaries.


This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

4: Eleanora Tyelmaker - New Name & New Device

Gules, a lion passant guardant between three edelweiss argent.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Meaning most important.

Eleanora is a header in Withycombe, dated in this spelling to 1205 and 1207.

Tyelmaker is a header in Thuresson: Middle English Occupational Terms, dated in this spelling to 1413. Other spellings include tighelmaker 1388, teelmaker 1413, tielmaker 1465, and tylemaker 1471. It means exactly what it looks like it means: 'a maker of tiles'.


This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

5: Elinor Strangewayes of Dorset - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 2006, via the East

Per pale sable and argent, two domestic cats sejant addorsed counterchanged and a base azure.

Her name was registered in April 2006, via the East.

Her previous device submission, Quarterly azure and argent, four fantail goldfish naiant, those in bend contourny, counterchanged, was returned on the July 2007 LoAR for using a breed of fish which was not known to period Europeans. This is a complete redesign, without fish of any sort.


This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

6: Elysabeth Underhill - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 2006, via the East

(Fieldless) A cinquefoil per bend Or and vert.

Her name was registered in Nov. 2006, via the East.

Her device, Per pale Or and vert, a chevron counterchanged and in canton a cinquefoil vert, was registered in Aug. 2007, also via the East.


This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

7: Isabelle of Carolingia - New Name & New Device

Purpure, a cross between in bend two anchors and in bend sinister two bells and on a chief Or a rose fesswise purpure slipped brown leaved vert.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Sound most important.

Isabelle is dated to 1327 in Talan's "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames". Isabelle is also found in Julian Goodwyn's "Brass Enscription Index" (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/brasses/women.html), dated to 1473.

Carolingia: either the barony's name or arms (or both) were registered in June of 1973.

Despite the single-tinctured field, this device comes awfully close to an appearance of marshalling by quartering. There is a precedent (12/1990 Anne Redlocks, R-Middle) saying that the lack of a quarterly field division isn't necessarily enough to remove the appearance of marshalling, and the presence of a cross throughout in this case only increases that appearance. Another precedent (06/2003 Dana the Quarrier, R-Meridies) specifically says that a cross throughout doesn't remove the appearance of marshalling. Precedent is mixed on whether the chief helps any: one says that a peripheral charge such as a chief or bordure is not sufficient (10/1990 Kathleen Cordelia ni Mhaille, R-Caid), while another more recent precedent doesn't address quartering but says that a charged chief is sufficient to remove the appearance of impalement (07/1993 Sionan Padraig Caimbeul, R-Atenveldt).

The question is sufficiently complicated that Eastern Crown is forwarding this for Wreath's delectation.


This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

8: Janet Kempe - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 1995, via the East

(Fieldless) A letter J sable, overall a violet purpure, seeded Or.

Her name was registered in Sep. 1995, via the East.

Her device, Purpure, on a pall argent three violets purpure, was registed in Oct. 2003, also via the East.


This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

9: Judith Daft - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 2003, via the East

Gules semy of bees, a beehive and on a chief Or two Maltese crosses gules.

Her name was registered in April 2003, via the East.

By precedent (07/2005 Therasia Mellita, A-Atlantia), if a beehive is beset by bees, the fact needs to be specified. This device is therefore clear of Perronnelle la paintre (Sep. 2005 Atlantia): Gules, a beehive and on a chief Or three cinquefoils gules, with one CD for adding the bees and another for the type and number of tertiary charges.


This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

10: Nicolette Bonhomme - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in December of 1988, via the East

(Fieldless) A winged demi-lion maintaining a sword and a rose slipped and leaved Or.

Her name was registered in Dec. 1988, via the East.

Her device, Per pale gules and sable, a pale embattled argent, was registered in May 1993, also via the East.


This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

11: Regina Kurczak - New Name & New Device

Or, a lion gules goutty d'Or between three lilies vert.

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Regina is dated to 1620 and 1638 in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "Polish Feminine Given Names, 1600-1650" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/polish/polishfem.html).

Kurczak is listed (undated) as a Polish occupational byname meaning 'One who raised and sold young hens' in Slavic Surnames by Margaret Timashenka Clark. William Hoffman: Polish Surnames: Origins and Meanings (Polish Genealogical Society of America, Chicago, 1993; p. 196 s.n. Kurc-) says that Kurczak has several possible origins: it can come from German kurz meaning "short", or from Polish kurcz meaning "a game fowl" or kurczy{c'} meaning "to contract". According to Stanisławski: Polish-English Dictionary (David McKay Co., New York, undated), kurczak is a masculine noun meaning "chicken", while kurcz means "cramp, spasm, convulsion." It also gives kurcze for "chicken", this time marked as neuter. Also, for whatever it's worth, Herby Rodów Polskich by Paszkiewicz and Kulczycki (Orbis Books, London, 1990) has the name Kurcz associated with the date 1528 on p. 200: "Kurcz, Wołyń 1528 r., Litwa." And finally, according to an onomastic textbook (in Hungarian: Hajdú Mihály, Általános és Magyar névtan, Osiris tankönyvek, Budapest 2003, p. 298), the '-ak' ending in Polish surnames is a generic derivational suffix: appended to a placename, for example, it means "resident of" (as opposed to '-ski', which is "of, from"). The textbook also points out that like most Slavic names, Polish surnames change according to gender: a woman generally adds '-a' or '-ka' to her father's or husband's surname. This would make Kurczaka, which sounds weird, or if we take the dictionary at its word, we could go with the neuter kurcze, or something. The upshot of all this is that Eastern Crown is sure there's some period feminine Polish surname which sounds similar to "Kurczak" and/or means "something to do with chickens", but doesn't know what it is. She is therefore appealing to the College, specifically those members with access to the (mythical) Great Polish Name Tome (SSNO), to help with this name, and she hasn't made any changes.

This device is clear of the Counts of Holland (important non-SCA arms, Dec. 2000 via the West): Or, a lion rampant gules, with one CD for the gouttes and another for the lilies.


Here ends this East Kingdom letter of intent.

Yours in service,

Brunissende

Blue Tyger Herald

Bibliography

Mari Elspeth nic Bryan: "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (http://www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/).

Ó Corraín, Donnchadh and Fidelma Maguire. Irish Names. Lilliput Press, Dublin, 1990.

Reaney, P.H. and R. M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. Third edition, Oxford University Press, 1995.

Talan Gwynek. "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/reaneyAG.html).

Thuresson, Bertil. Middle English Occupational Terms. Lund, 1968.

Withycombe, E.G. The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names. Third edition. Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1979. (2nd ed., ca. 1973.)

Woulfe, Patrick. Sloinnte Gaedheal is Gall. Irish Names and Surnames. M.H. Gill & Son, Dublin, 1923.


OSCAR counts 6 New Names, 7 New Devices and 3 New Badges. These 16 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $48 for them. OSCAR counts 1 Resub Device. This item is not chargeable. There are a total of 17 items submitted on this letter.

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