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East April 1 LoI dated 2008-03-31

Unto Elisabeth Laurel, Margaret Pelican, and Jeanne Marie Wreath, gleepings and salubrations. Brunissende Blue Tyger having (respectfully) declined to have anything to do with this nonse... er, very important stuff, the following has been prepared by Julia Eastern Crown, with assistance from persons who wish to remain anonymous.

This item was on the 07-2008 LoAR

1: Aliena de Ertlingburc - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Client requests authenticity for late 12c. English.

Aliena is listed as a late-12th c. oddity in Withycombe's introduction (p. xxvii).

Ertlingburc is based on Hertlingburc 1199 and Ertlingeburc 1203 from Ekwall s.n. Irthlingborough. The placename derives from Old English yrþlinga burg 'the burg of the ploughmen'.


This item was on the 07-2008 LoAR

2: Argentina Silver - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for early 13c. English.
Meaning (unspecified) most important.

R&W p. 13 s.n. Argentine dates Argentina to 1196. This is apparently a Latinized version of Argentin, a diminutive of Old French argent 'silver', used as a personal name.

Ibid p. 409 s.n. Silver dates Lucas, John Siluer to 1205-1213, as well as Robert Silverhewer 1212.


This item was on the 07-2008 LoAR

3: China filia Man - New Name & New Device

Gules, a jug in the shape of a human face argent estencely azure.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Client requests authenticity for 11c. Hungarian.

China is listed as the name of a female servant in 1231 in Fehértói Katalin: Árpád-kori személynévtár, s.n. China, p. 198. RfS II.3.b. says in part "Although China, Random and Starhawk have been used as given names in recent fantasy literature, they may not be registered without evidence that names of countries, adjectives, or epithets were regularly used as English given names in period." This name is not English, so the rule should not apply.

Man is dated to 1214 and 1222 as a masculine given name, and to 1267-1269 as a patronymic (ibid s.n. Man, p. 509). A search of Fehértói reveals no women with unmarked patronymic bynames, so the word "filia" has been added to her name in order to partially fulfill her request for authenticity: it's not 11c., but it's as close as we're likely to get.


This item was on the 07-2008 LoAR

4: Denote Bye - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound most important.

Denote is a feminine name dated to c. 1362 in Withycombe p. 82 s.n. Denise.

R&W p. 77 s.n. By dates John Bye 1327 (among others); it's a local byname meaning 'dweller in the bend'.


This item was on the 07-2008 LoAR

5: Elephant Tusk - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Elephant is from Fehertoi s.n. Elephanth, dated to 1293/1322 and 1298 in the desired spelling.

Tusk is in same s.n. Tusk: Martini Comitis filijs Tusk 1256, Mortunus et altera Martini fily Tusk 1256/1357, Martinum Comitem filium Tusk 1257. He prefers the unmarked patronymic, but will accept "Elephant filius Tusk" if needed for registration. While the Latin "filius" would undoubtedly make the name easier on English heralds, it should be registerable as is: asyndetic patronymics are quite ubiquitous in Hungarian-language records. (The name as submitted actually comes out as "Tusk, son of Elephant" in Hungarian.)


This item was on the 07-2008 LoAR

6: Frank Striker - New Name & New Device

Sable, in chief the letters 'YO' silver.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (German) most important.

Both name parts are from Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "German Names from Rottweil, Baden-W{u"}rttemberg, 1441" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/german/rottweil1441.html). Frank is found once under Franciscus as a masculine given name. Striker is found once among the surnames.


This item was on the 07-2008 LoAR

7: Fray Checker - New Name & New Device

Per fess raguly, checky Or and azure, and sable.

Submitter desires a masculine name.

R&W p.177 under Fray dates Fray de Cudington' 1230, and says it's an Old French personal name of unknown origin.

Ibid p92 under Checker dates Roger de la Checker 1279 and Roger Cheker 1508, and says "as a surname, it probably meant, as a rule, a clerk in the exchequer".


This item was on the 07-2008 LoAR

8: Hay Yoo - New Name & New Device

Azure, in pale three garbs in pile inverted Or and a sheep statant argent.

No major changes.
Sound most important.

'Hay': R&W p.222 under Hay dates Willelmus filius Hai to 1168 and Ricardus filius Haye to 1205. Based on these, 'Hay' seems a reasonable period spelling.

'Yoo': Ibid p.507 under Yea dates Nicholas Yoo to 1439.


This item was on the 07-2008 LoAR

9: Mathe Freke - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.

Mathe: R&W sn Mathes p309: Mathe 1195. Math and Mathi are pet forms of Matthew.

Freke: p177 of same sn Freak: Ralph Freke 1210-11, derived from OE freca 'man, warrior'.


This item was on the 07-2008 LoAR

10: Saxe of Wool - New Name & New Device

Gules, three wool-packs argent.

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Saxe is dated to 1190 and 1283 on p. 394 of R&W p394 under the heading Sax. It's derived from an Old Norse name.

Wool is a placename in Dorset. According to Watts p697, it was spelled Woll(e) from 1249-1663 and Wool from 1575.


This item was on the 07-2008 LoAR

11: Science Geek - New Name & New Device

Per fess azure and Or, a flask per fess engrailed argent and vert.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No minor changes.

Science: R&W p.395 s.n. Science has the Latinized form Sciencia dated to 1260 and 1332. It also says 'It appears in ME as Cynthia, Scientia, Science.' Withycombe p. 77 s.n. Cynthia says "English writers in the later Middle Ages, struggling to spell Sanchia (q.v.), sometimes turned it into Cynthia, but the name was not really used until the Renaissance." On p. 263 s.n. Sanchia, she elaborates: "from Latin sanctus 'holy'. Introduced into England by the marriage in 1243 of Richard, Earl of Cornwall, to Sanchia, daughter of the Count of Provence. Her name evidently puzzled English scribes, who write it in a variety of ways, including Cynthia, Scientia, and Science. The name occurs during the next four centuries, variously spelt Sens, Sence, Sense, Saints, Science, Sanche."

Geek: R&W p. 187 s.n. Geake has Walter Geek 1275.


This item was on the 07-2008 LoAR

12: Scoule atte Children - New Name & New Device

Argent, a trimount vert and a chief azure.Or, two roundels and a crescent pendant, a chief triangular sable.

Submitter desires a masculine name.

All docs from R&W.

Scoule: s.n. School (p395) there's Scule 1066, Robert filius Scule 1196, and Richard Scoule 1297; they're derived from the Old Norse name Skúli.

Children: s.n. Children (p95) there's John atte Children 1267, which is a local byname based on residence near an orphanage.


This item was on the 07-2008 LoAR

13: Snorri tottr - New Name & New Device

Argent, in chief a hoe fesswise gules hafted azure.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Sound ('snore') most important.
Meaning ('dwarf') most important.

All docs from Geirr Bassi. Snorri is a masc. name (p. 14) found 15 times in Landnamabok. tottr 'dwarf, small person' is on p. 29.


This item was on the 07-2008 LoAR

14: Thomas Thumb - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Client requests authenticity for 13c. Hungarian culture (but not language).
Meaning (Thomas the Obtuse) most important.

Fehertoi s.n. Tomas has Thomas dated in this spelling multiple times, for example religiosi viri frater Thomas abbas 1288 (p. 761-762).

Thumb appears in Fehertoi under that heading on page 752, dated 1288: Nicolaus dictus Thumb. Kázmér s.n. Tompa has Nicolaus Tumpa 1342, documenting the use of this byname without the 'dictus'. Orszagh et al: Magyar Angol Nagyszótár. Hungarian-English Dictionary (Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, 1998, ISBN 963 05 7515 9) p. 1434 s.n. tompa translates this word as 'blunt, obtuse', 'dull, obtuse', and 'soft, mellow, muted'.


This item was on the 07-2008 LoAR

15: Tomb Ghost - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Sound most important.

'Ghost': this is submitted as the presumed vernacular form of a name recorded as Ghostus (following the pattern of names such as Tibold/Tiboldus, Tomp/Tompus, Bot/Botus, Mot/Motus, etc.) in a Latin-language document dated 1237/1320 (i.e. originally written in 1237 but only surviving in a copy made in 1320) in Fehertoi s.n. Ghostus, pp. 335-336.

'Tomb' - ibid s.n. Tomb (p. 762) has Nic. f. Tomb 1301/1373. Kazmer s.n. Tombos (p. 1073) has Tumbos Gorgen 1392, and derives the surname from a diminutive in -s of the old personal name 'Tomb'. This documents this name as being used in the vernacular (Hungarian) construction [unmarked patronymic] + [given name].


Bibliography:

Ekwall, Eilert. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names. Fourth edition. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1991.

Fehértói Katalin. Árpád-kori személynévtár. Akadémiai kiadó, Budapest, 2004.

Geirr Bassi Haraldsson. The Old Norse Name. Private Press, Maryland, 1977.

Kázmér Miklós. Régi magyar családnevek szótára. Magyar Nyelvtudományi Társaság, Budapest, 1993.

Reaney, P.H. and R. M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. Third edition, Oxford University Press, 1995.

Withycombe, E.G. The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names. Third edition. Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1979.


OSCAR counts 15 New Names and 8 New Devices. These 23 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $69 for them. There are a total of 23 items submitted on this letter.

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