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East LoI dated 2015-08-31

Unto Andrewe Laurel, Lillia Pellycan and Brunissende Couronne, from Yehuda Blue Tyger, greetings!

It is the intent of the College of Heralds of the East to register the following items. Unless otherwise noted, the submitter has no desire for authenticity and allows any changes.

This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

1: Abigail Crane - New Name & New Device

Purpure, a catamount passant argent and a base ermine

No major changes.
Sound (unspecified) most important.

Abigail is a female given name dated from 1587/8 from "Feminine Given Names in Chesham, 1538-1600/1" by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/Chesham/feminine.shtml)

Crane is a descriptive byname found in Reaney & Wilson s.n. Crane with this spelling dated to 1177. It is also found in the 16th Century in "1582 Subsidy Roll of London: Surnames of English men & women" by Sara L. Uckelman (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/english/engsurlondon1582a-m.html).


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

2: Aiden Underhill - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Aiden is a surname found in "Surnames in Durham and Northumberland, 1521-1615" by Julie Kahan (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juetta/parish/surnames_a.html), dated to 1595 and 1599. 16th century English surnames can be used as given names as stated in the September 2012 Cover Letter.

Underhill is an English surname found in the Family Search Historical Records:

Charles Underhill; Male; Burial; 10 Jul 1611; Cambridge, Cambridge, England; Batch B01899-7 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N5KZ-8MX)


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

3: Alexander Kyppyn Kirkcaldy - New Device Change

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 1994, via Meridies

Per pale sable and argent, a tower counterchanged and on a chief azure three fish naiant argent

Old Item: Per pale argent and sable, a standing balance counterchanged and on a chief azure three fish naiant argent, to be released.

Under Section I.B of the Administrative Handbook, an individual is limited to six pieces of armory. The submitter currently has two registered badges in addition to his currently registered device. An additional badge appears elsewhere on this letter.


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

4: Alexander Kyppyn Kirkcaldy - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 1994, via Meridies

Quarterly purpure and azure, a tower and a bordure argent

Under Section I.B of the Administrative Handbook, an individual is limited to six pieces of armory. The submitter currently has two registered badges and a registered device.


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

5: Alys du Bois - New Device

OSCAR finds the name on the East LoI of February 16, 2015 as submitted.

Or, a lily of the valley vert flowered argent and in chief three escarbuncles vert

The submitter's name was registered on the May 2015 LoAR via the East.


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

6: An Dubhaigeainn, Barony of - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 1993, via the East

Per fess wavy azure and barry wavy argent and azure, a duck naiant contourny argent billed Or

This submission is to be associated with Populace Badge

This badge may conflict with Signý Ingadóttir, A-Meridies, Jan 2000 LoAR: Per chevron ermine and purpure, in base a swan naiant contourny argent. There is a maximum of one DC for changes to the field, even when there are multiple changes. The movement of the bird to chief here and to base in Signý's armory are forced, as neither bird can be in the other's space. Ducks and swans are both "swan-shaped" birds within the meaning of SENA Appendix M and therefore do not have an SC between them. We were unable to find a precedent as to whether there is a DC between a swan and a duck, and are therefore forwarding this badge for a ruling from Wreath.


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

7: Andreas Lucernensis - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name on the East LoI of May 13, 2015 as submitted.

(Fieldless) On a salmon hauriant Or a crescent azure


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

8: Andreas Lucernensis - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name on the East LoI of May 13, 2015 as submitted.

Per pale sable and gules, in pale three stag's attires argent


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

9: Angharad verch Rees - New Device Change

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2008, via the East

Gules, four double-sided pointed knitting needles fretted in mascle and on a chief Or three gouttes de sang

Old Item: Quarterly azure and argent all goutty counterchanged, a rose purpure barbed and seeded proper, to be retained as a badge.


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

10: Ása in svarta - New Badge

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as Ãsa in svarta in July of 2006, via the East.

(Fieldless) An apron azure

This may be the defining instance of this style of apron in Society heraldry. The submitter has provided evidence of an apron that looks like the submitted badge as a period artifact.

The images below are taken from:

Hans Sachs and Jost Amman. Das Ständebuch. Aarhus: Aarhus U, 2009

(https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Messerschmidt-1568.png)

(https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Beckschlager-1568.png)

Bartolomeo Scappi and Terence Scully. The Opera of Bartolomeo Scappi (1570) L'arte Et Prudenza D'un Maestro Cuoco. Toronto [Ont: U of Toronto, 2008] p. 658 [Print]

Pieter Bruegel the Elder, The Peasant Wedding, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna [Print]

In in-kingdom commentary Bruce Batonvert suggested this be blazoned as a "bib-apron". We are leaving the exact form of blazon to Wreath.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=996/2015-08-27/20-48-33_14-23-23_Asa_Badge_Doc2.jpg
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=996/2015-08-27/20-48-35_14-23-24_Asa_Badge_Doc3.jpg
#3 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=996/2015-08-27/20-48-37_14-23-26_Asa_Badge_Doc4.jpg
#4 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=996/2015-08-27/20-48-38_14-23-28_Asa_Badge_Doc5.jpg
#5 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=996/2015-08-27/20-48-40_14-23-29_Asa_Badge_Doc6.jpg


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

11: Bernhard Brakelman - Resub Device

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Per pale Or and gules, a bear rampant sable between three lozenges counterchanged

The submitter's original device, Or, a cross between in sinister chief three lozenges in fess and in sinister base an annulet gules, was returned on the September 2014 LoAR with the following explanation:

This device submission is returned for redesign. SENA A1 requires that "The armorial elements, charge groups, and overall design must be demonstrated to be compatible with period style."

The submitter and commenters did not provide any evidence of a design with a primary charge group with a group of charges in dexter chief and a different charge in dexter base. Until such evidence is provided, this arrangement is unregisterable.

This resubmitted device is a complete redesign.

Note: The submitter's name, Bernhard Brakelman, was registered 9/14 via the East. We do not know why OSCAR isn't picking it up.


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

12: Brunissende Dragonette - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 2013, via the East

Argent estencelly azure, a chalice gules

Under Section I.B of the Administrative Handbook, an individual is limited to six pieces of armory. This is the submitter's fifth piece of armory, and her fourth badge.

There is conflicting precedent as to whether these sparks, drawn two-and-one as opposed to the more common one-and-two, are permitted.

The most recent ruling on the topic, Jan Langhe ten Walde, A-AEthelmearc, Mar 2013 LoAR states:

"Please advise the submitter to draw the sparks as groupings of roundels one and two, not two and one. This depiction of sparks two and one may not be registerable without period evidence in the future."

Similairly, in Cainder ingen hui Chatharnaig, R-Ealdormere, Mar 2006 LoAR, it was stated that:

"We are unaware of any sparks drawn in period as two and one instead of one and two. On resubmission the submitter should draw the sparks in the standard arrangement or provide period heraldic evidence of sparks drawn two and one."

However, an older precedent states:

"The sparks are not in the typical arrangement of one and two. However, Brault, Early Blazon, indicates that there are several valid depictions of estencely, including the two and one arrangement used here." [Morwenna of Morwenstow, A-Drachenwald, Jan 2000 LoAR].

This would appear to be the requested period heraldic evidence. As Blue Tyger does not possess a copy of "Early Blazon", we are forwarding this badge for wider commentary.


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

13: Caterina Maddalena dei Gabrielli - New Name & New Device

Gules, a fleur-de-lys argent and a chief argent crusilly patonce gules

No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for 1450-1550 Italian.
Language (Northern Italian) most important.
Culture (Northern Italian) most important.

Caterina is a female given name found in "Names from 15th and 16th Century Pisa" by Julia de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/kwhss/2014/Juliana_de_Luna/Names_from_15th_and_16th_Century_Pisa.pdf) dated from 1457 to 1557. There are over 1800 occurrences of the name in the source documents. It is also found in "Names from Sixteenth Century Venice" by Juliana de Luna (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/16thcvenice.html), placing it into Northern Italy.

Maddalena is a female given name found in "Names from 15th and 16th Century Pisa" by Julia de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/kwhss/2014/Juliana_de_Luna/Names_from_15th_and_16th_Century_Pisa.pdf) dated from 1457 to 1557. There are over 556 occurrences of the name in the source documents. The source also notes that Maddalena occurred as part of a double given name twice between 1468 and 1511. It is also found in "Names from Sixteenth Century Venice" by Juliana de Luna (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/16thcvenice.html), placing it into Northern Italy.

dei Gabrielli is a byname found in this form in "Names from 15th and 16th Century Pisa" by Julia de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/kwhss/2014/Juliana_de_Luna/Names_from_15th_and_16th_Century_Pisa.pdf).

Gabriel as a given name is found in "Fifteenth Century Venetian Masculine Names: Given Names Alphabetically" by Sara L. Uckelman (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/italian/venicegivalpha.html). A surname formed as Gabrieli would make the elements wholly Northern Italian. Additionally, Gabriel dei Gabrielli is found as a personal name in "Historia delle vite de i Somni Pontefici", p. 223, published 1600 (https://books.google.com/books?id=TEMNeaRPeYoC).

Per Appendix A in SENA, double given names are allowed in Italian.

Note: "dei" is handwritten on the typed form by the submitter.


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

14: East, Kingdom of the - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1973,

(Fieldless) A tyger rampant azure maintaining a candle Or lit gules

This submission is to be associated with Arts & Sciences Champion


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

15: East, Kingdom of the - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1973,

(Fieldless) A tyger rampant azure maintaining a clarion Or

This submission is to be associated with Bardic Champion


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

16: East, Kingdom of the - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1973,

(Fieldless) A tyger rampant azure maintaining a rapier proper.

This submission is to be associated with Rapier Champion


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

17: East, Kingdom of the - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1973,

(Fieldless) A tyger rampant azure maintaining a spear bendwise proper

This submission is to be associated with Armored Combat Champion


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

18: East, Kingdom of the - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1973,

(Fieldless) A tyger rampant azure maintaining a tilting lance bendwise bendy sinister Or and purpure

This submission is to be associated with Equestrian Champion


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

19: East, Kingdom of the - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1973,

(Fieldless) A tyger rampant azure maintaining an arrow Or

This submission is to be associated with Archery Champion


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

20: East, Kingdom of the - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1973,

(Fieldless) A tyger rampant azure maintaining an axe Or

This submission is to be associated with Thrown Weapon Champion


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

21: East, Kingdom of the - New Release of Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1973,

Per bend azure and argent, a maunch vert charged in base with a harp and in canton an Eastern crown Or.

This submission is to be associated with Queen's Bard

This badge, registered to the kingdom on the Jan 1980 LoAR, is to be released.


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

22: East, Kingdom of the - New Release of Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1973,

Per bend azure and argent, a sword vert, hilted sable, debruised by a harp and in chief an Eastern crown Or.

This submission is to be associated with King's Bard

This badge, registered to the kingdom on the Jan 1980 LoAR, is to be released.


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

23: East, Kingdom of the - New Release of Badge Association

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1973,

(Fieldless) A tyger rampant guardant azure maintaining a spear bendwise proper.

This submission is to be associated with King's Champion

The East Kingdom currently has registered to it "(Fieldless) A tyger rampant guardant azure maintaining a spear bendwise proper." [Mar 1985 LoAR, A-East] associated with "King's Champion".

The kingdom hereby requests that this association be removed, but the badge be retained.


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

24: Elle de Valois - New Name & New Device

Per pale gules and sable, a bat-winged lion Or and a bat-winged wolf argent combatant, on a point pointed argent a fleur-de-lys per pale sable and gules

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound (unspecified) most important.
Language (unspecified) most important.

Elle is a female given name found in the Family Search Historical Records:

Elle Shingleton; Female; Marriage; 1585; Saint Mary, Prescot, Lancashire, England; Batch: M00598-1 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NL4X-YLJ)

de Valois is a byname from "French Names from Paris, 1421, 1423, & 1438" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael. (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/paris1423.html)

Per Appendix C of SENA, French and English names can be combined.


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

25: Faolán an Sccreccain - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Meaning (of the stony place) most important.

Faolán is an Early Modern Gaelic male given name found in "Index of Names in Irish Annals" by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Faelan.shtml), with relevant Annals dates of 1203 and 1423.

an Sccreccain is an Early Modern Gaelic descriptive byname meaning "[of] the Stony Place." The submitted spelling is found in the raw data in Mari's "Index" s.n. an Screcain (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/DescriptiveBynames/anScrecain.shtml) dated to 1323.


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

26: Hermina de Pagan - New Name & New Device

Gules, a skeletal hand sustaining three garden roses in sheaf argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Hermina is a female given name found in Family Search Historical Records:

Hermina Teca Marquina; Female; Christening; 12 Feb 1542; BASILICA DEL SENOR; Batch: C89022-6 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VWX3-BVD)

de Pagan is a byname found in the Family Search Historical Records:

Geronima De Yeste; Christening; 03 Feb 1637; Santa María, Murcia, Murcia, Spain; Father's: Joan De Yuste; Mother: Geronima De Pagan; Batch Number C04200-5 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:F53L-DPG)

Per SENA GP.3: "Elements and patterns documented in use during the "gray period" between 1600-1650 are generally allowed."

The on-line PicDic states: "The human skeleton is found in the civic arms of Londonderry, 1613 [records of Chief Herald of Ireland]. Lesser portions of the human body (e.g., arms) may also be skeletonized in Society armory."


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

27: Hróðgeirr Mánason - New Name & New Device

Sable, a bend Or engouled by wolf's heads between two increscents argent

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Sound (unspecified) most important.
Culture (unspecified) most important.

Hróðgeirr is a male given name found at p. 11 of Geirr Bassi's The Old Norse Name

Mánason is a patronymic byname based on the male given name Máni, found at p. 13 of Geirr Bassi.

This device may conflict with the device of Illuminada Eugenia de Guadalupe y Godoy, A-Caid, Aug 2005 LoAR: Sable, a bend engouled of two wolf's heads Or. There is a DC for adding a secondary charge group of crescents. We believe that the wolf's heads make up at least one half of the primary charge, and therefore changing their tincture is sufficient to grant a second DC.


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

28: Kirsa Oyutai - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 2014, via the East

(Fieldless) An arrowhead per pale Or and azure


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

29: Kirsa Oyutai - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 2014, via the East

(Fieldless) On a beehive Or a musical note vert


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

30: Lupold Hass - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name on the East LoI of September 08, 2014 as submitted.

Azure, a hare salient bendwise argent

This device is a resubmission of Per pale azure and sable, a hare courant argent, which was returned on the December 2014 LoAR for conflict with the device of Matilda Bosville de Bella Aqua (Dec. 1991, East): Per fess embattled gules and argent ermined azure, in chief a coney courant argent. There was one DC for changes to the field but none for position as Matilda's coney is forced into chief.


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

31: Orlando Sforza - New Name & New Device

Sable, a winged lion maintaining a sword and on a chief embattled Or three crosses crosslet fitchy gules

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (Italian) most important.
Culture (Italian) most important.

Orlando is a male given name appearing in "Names in 15th Century Florence and her Dominions: the Condado," by Juliana de Luna (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/condado/mensalpha.html)

Sforza/Sfortia appears as a family name in "Late Period Italian Women's Names: Florence" by Juliana de Luna (http://medievalscotland.org/jes/Nuns/Florence.shtml)

Precedent from the July 1997 LoAR holds the byname Sforza to be presumptuous:

The surname Sforza is one of those names such as Hohenstaufen which are so closely associated with a single sovereign royal family as to be presumptuous in their use. Indeed, in times past it was one of those that were used as an exemplar for that category of restricted names. (The name of the dynasty was derived from the nickname of its founder and in period was associated closely with the immediate family of the sovereign Dukes of Milan.) The use of the Sforza surname is tantamount to a claim to being from the immediate family of the sovereign Dukes of Milan and is not allowed under RFS VI.1.

However, the submitter believes that new evidence exists to warrant overturning this precedent. Sforza was used in period as a given name as well as a surname, most notably as the given name of Sforza degli Oddi (also called Sforza d'Oddi and Sforza Oddi), a Perugian author of numerous 16th cen. works, including:

I morti viui comedia, del molto eccellente signore Sforza d'Oddi, nell'Accademia de gli Insensati, detto il Forsennato (1597) (https://books.google.com/books?id=iRAeNBDRQdcC)

Prigione d'amore commedia nuoua dell'eccellentissimo signor Sforza Oddi. Recitata in Pisa da scolari l'anno secondo del felice rettorato del signor Lelio Gauardo asolano (1596) (https://books.google.com/books?id=SdyxgpIKBvkC)

In addition, Cardinal Pietro Sforza Pallavicino (1607-1667) used the element Sforza despite being descended from the Marchese family of Parma, not the Sforza family of Milan (http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11426a.htm).

Since Italian allows for unmarked patronymics, Orlando Sforza could be "Orlando, son of Sforza," not exclusively "Orlando of the Sforza family."

If Orlando Sforza cannot be registered, the submitter will accept Orlando dela Spada. dela Spada is an Italian byname found in "15th & 16th Century Names from Trieste" by Maridonna Benvenuti (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/maridonna/trieste.html) dated 1435-36.


This item was on the 11-2015 LoAR

32: Rauða-Sunnifa refr - New Alternate Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in August of 2013, via the East

Sorcha inghean Uí Chathasaigh

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Sorcha is a female given name found in "Index of Names in Irish Annals: Sorcha" by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Sorcha.shtml) dated to 1480, 1500, 1530

Cathasaigh is the genitive form of a Early Modern Gaelic male given name being used to construct a patronymic byname found in "Index of Names in Irish Annals: Cathassach / Cathasach" by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Cathassach.shtml)

Though submitted as Sorcha ni Cathasaigh, this is not a period Gaelic form. Ni is a contraction of inghean Uí that did not come into use until after 1600. See Sharon Krossa's "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names" (http://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/#niandnic). The period form is inghean Uí Chathasaigh, using the right particles and adding the required lenition.

The submitter has been consulted and she consented to a change to Sorcha inghean Uí Chathasaigh.


In Service,

Yehuda ben Moshe,

Blue Tyger Herald.


OSCAR counts 8 New Names, 1 New Alternate Name, 7 New Devices, 2 New Device Changes and 15 New Badges. These 33 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $99 for them. OSCAR counts 2 Resub Devices. These 2 items are not chargeable. There are 3 releases, which do not require payment. There are a total of 38 items submitted on this letter.

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