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Middle LoI dated 2014-12-20

Unto Andrewe Laurel, Lillia Pelican, Brunissende Wreath, and the rest of the College of Arms, does Konrad Mailander, Rouge Scarpe Herald, send greetings.

This is the Middle Kingdom External Letter of Intent for the items on Escutcheon's November 10th, 2014 ILoI which can be found here: https://oscar.sca.org/kingdom/kingloi.php?kingdom=4&loi=2904

My thanks to Magnus von Lübeck, Basil Dragonstrike, Jeanne Marie Lacroix, Calybrid Ine Tere, Jean Yves de Chierebourg, Madog Hir of Aire Faucon, Alys Mackyntoich, ffride wlffsdotter, Juetta Copin, and Giovanni Loredan for their commentary.

It is the intent of the College of Heralds of the Middle to register the following items. Unless otherwise noted, the submitter has no desire for authenticity and allows any changes.

This item was on the 03-2015 LoAR

1: Arnbjǫrn Frakkason - New Name & New Device

Per fess gules and Or, two eagles and a bear rampant counter-changed.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language most important.
Culture most important.
Meaning most important.

Arnbjǫrn - http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONMensNames.shtml#Arnbjorn

FJ pp. 12, 342, 348 s.nn. Arnbjǫrn, Arn-, -bjǫrn; CV p. 66 s.v. bjǫrn; NR s.nn. Ar(in)n-/Ær(in)nbiǫrn, Ar(in)n-/Ær(in)n-, -biǫrn, Biarni

Frakkason - http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONMensNames.shtml

Patronymic from Frakki. Frakki - Found in OW.Norse as Frakki, and in both Old Danish and Old Swedish as the by-name Frakke. Formed from the OW.Norse adjective frakkr (from *frank-) "unafraid, courageous." Occurs in the runic accusative case form fro(k)(a).NR s.n. Frakki

Following the rules given on the Viking Answer Lady website under the heading "Surnames: Patronymics and Matronymics", Frakki changes to Frakkason.

Submitted as <Arnbjorn Frakkason> on consulting with the submitter they preferred the spelling with the he indicated he would prefer the spelling with the (o-ogonik).


This item was on the 03-2015 LoAR

2: Briarwood, Canton of - New Branch Name

No major changes.
Sound most important.

Briar - Part of the name. Ekwal's "Oxford Dictionary of English Place Names" p.59 notes that "OE braer, brier,'briar' is not rare in place names as the first element. Cf Brearton, Breary, Brereton, and Brier - (passim)" (The latter referring to nameds starting with "Brier" such as Briercliffe, Brierley, Brierly, and Brierton). But the key point is that "briar" in its variant spellings is alwas the first part of the placename. We can use "briar-" with a standard ending theme such as -ton, -ley or -cliff, probably also -wood.

-Wood - appears as a deuterotheme in Bernwood, Charmwood, Inglewood, Selwood, Sherwood, Whittlewood, and Wychwood and signifies a large stretch of woodland.

Margaret Gelling and Ann Cole, The Landscape of Place-Names (Stamford, Shaun Tyas 2000) p257: cf Smith, PNE 2 pp 279-81)

Ekwal's "Oxford Dictionary of English Place Names" p16 lists Ashwood (Staffordshire)

A. H. Smith. The Place-Name Elements, 2, JAFN-YTRI, English Place-Name Society 26 (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1970).

A copy of the petition for registration was submitted and will be retained.


This item was on the 03-2015 LoAR

3: Däg Thorgrimsson - New Augmentation of Arms

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 1984, via the Middle

Tierced per pall argent, azure and sable, two dexter gauntlets clasped in chevron inverted argent and in chief a wolf's head caboshed sable and for augmentation on an escutcheon argent, a pale gules surmounted by a dragon passant vert.

The following device associated with this name was registered in April of 1984 (via the Middle):

Tierced per pall argent, azure and sable, two dexter gauntlets clasped in chevron inverted argent and in chief a wolf's head caboshed sable.

From the Middle OP Kingdom Augmentation of Arms 27 Sep, 2014 (A.S. 49)

[December 1982 LoAR, A-Middle] Middle, Kingdom of the. Ensign. Argent, a pale gules surmounted by a dragon passant vert.

This was designated a standard augmentation in February 2010.

An interesting artifact turned up when commenters conflict checked this:

[April 1983 LoAR, A-Middle] Torbin of Amberhall. (augmentation) (see REJECTIONS for device) On a canton argent, a pale gules surmounted by a dragon passant vert.

[April 1983 LoAR, R-Middle] Torbin of Amberhall. Azure, goutte d'Or, a lion passant guardant counterchanged.

NOTE: Device rejected. The device is not period style. You cannot counterchange against a field seme in such a way as to partially cross the little charges. You could have Azure, goutte d'Or, a lion Or, goutte de larmes, as that way no goutte would cross the line of the lion. In any event, the device conflicts with Astley: Azure, a lion passant guardant Or (Papworth, p. 72). The augmentation is a separate registration which can be added or not as you desire, and thus provides no extra difference.


This item was on the 03-2015 LoAR

4: Kjalvor Sæbjarnardottir - New Name Change & New Device Change

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in March of 2015, via the Middle.

Azure, on a fess wavy cotised argent three gouttes des larmes.

Old Item: Teffan Grenelefe, to be released.
Old Item: Argent goutty purpure, a leaf vert., to be released.
Language most important.
Culture (10-11th C. Uppsala Norse) most important.

Kjalvǫr - Geirr Bassi P. 12

http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONWomensNames.shtml#k has The first element in these names comes from Old Icelandic kjǫlr, genitive kjalar, "keel", a term also used of the mountains that divide Norway from Sweden, and for the spine of a book. For the second element -vǫr see above. This name appears in Landnámabók for Kjalvǫr, the maternal aunt of Tungu-Oddr in chs. 20 and 51. GB pp. 12; FJ pp. 351-352; CV pp. 341 s.v. kjǫlr; NR s.v. -vǫr

According to SENA Appendix D she can change the o-ogonik to plain "o" in Kjalvǫr.

Sæbjǫrn - Geirr Bassi P. 15

http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONMensNames.shtml#s has Found in Old Danish as Sebiorn, in Old Swedish as Sæbiorn, and in OW.Norse as Sæbjǫrn. The first element Sæ- or Søy- is from OW.Norse sjár, sjór, sær (from proto-Scandinavian *saiwaR "sea, ocean"). For the second element -bjǫrn see above. Runic examples include the nominative case forms saibiorn, sibiun, sibiurn, [sibiurn] and the accusative case forms [sabi], [sabiara], saibiurn. A short form of Sæbjǫrn is Sebbi. A short form of masculine names in Bjarn- or -bjǫrn is Bjarni. GB p. 15 s.n. Sæbjǫrn; FJ pp. 346, 348 s.nn. Sæ-, bjǫrn; CV pp. 66, 534-535, 618-619 s.v. bjǫrn, sjár, sjór, sær; NR s.nn. Sæbbi, Sæbiǫrn, Sæ-/Søy-, -biǫrn, Biarni

Constructed patronymic <Sæbjarnardottir> according to rules on pp17-18 of Geir Bassi.


This item was on the 03-2015 LoAR

5: Leofrune Godwinesdohtor - New Name & New Device

Per bend gules and vert a boar rampant Or and four Thor's hammers conjoined at the haft argent.

No major changes.
Language most important.
Culture (Anglo-Saxon) most important.
Spelling most important.

Leofrune Anglo-Saxon Women's Names from Royal Charters by Marieke van de Dal http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/marieke/anglosaxonfem/ s.n. Leofrun "Leofrune S-1497, 990x1001; English" According to the author this means originally executed in 990, amended in 1001

Godwinesdohtor - patronymic formed according to SENA Appendix A for Old English Xdohtor (X is father's name in genitive)

Godwine - The Names of Testators in the Cartularium Saxonicum Malmesburiensem by Aryanhwy merch Catmael http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/english/malmesbury-oe.html Standardized OE form Godwine Documented form Godwine 982, 986


This item was on the 03-2015 LoAR

6: Lyggessauc Cook - New Name Change From Holding Name

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in March of 2015, via the Middle.

Old Item: Josh of Stormvale, to be released.
Submitter desires a masculine name.

<Lyggessauc> "Lyggessauc" Llyfr Teilo. The Liber landavensis, or The ancient register of the cathedral

church of Llandaff from mss in the libraries of Hengwrt and of Jesus College, Oxford.

Cook - Submitters legal mundane last name, as attested to by consulting herald, Jean Yves de Chierebourg, Opinicus Pursuivant and Estelle de la Mer, Dragon Signet.

Previous December 2013 return at Laurel. Ligessac d'Isigny. Name.

The elements of this name are not compatible under SENA PN2.C.2.b. The given name is found in an 8th century Welsh charter as Lyggessauc and in a saint's tale (one that also involves King Arthur). Names from saint's tales are not allowed under the literary name allowance, so registration must depend on that 8th century form. The byname is documented as 13th century French. This combination is not allowable. While French and Welsh are compatible under Appendix C of SENA, the elements within names that combined two naming pools must be within 300 years of one another. As this is not true, the name cannot be registered as submitted.

<Lyggessauc> can be combined with <Cook> because his legal name is treated as neutral in time and place under SENA PN.2.C.2.d.

Correction to Name (2014-Dec-23 16:12:07): Submitted as <Ligessac Cook>. The spelling of the given name was changed to the documented spelling.


This item was on the 03-2015 LoAR

7: Maggie MacKeith - New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in March of 2015, via the Middle.

Old Item: Leonia de Calais, to be released.
Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.

Maggie - Female given name found in Family Search. url: http://www.familysearch.org

Maggie Rey, female chr. 1 April 1610 in Fossoway & Tulliebole, Kinross, Scotland; Batch C11461-2

Maggie Mortin, female, marr. 27 Aug 1588 in Anstruther Wester, Fife, Scotland; batch M11403-2

MacKeith - Black s.n. MACKEITH John MacKeith dated 1592, Nauchtane McKeith 1629. Scribal abbreviation Mc expanded to Mac.


This item was on the 03-2015 LoAR

8: Middle, Kingdom of the - New Heraldic Title

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in of at some point,

Gold Mace Herald

No changes.

This is a heraldic title created from the order name, Order of the Gold Mace, which was registered to the Middle Kingdom in January 2005. It also follows the attested pattern <color>+<charge> for Heraldic titles.

Middle English Dictionary http://quod.lib.umich.edu/m/med/lookup.html

s.n. gold (adj.) 1. (a) Made of gold, golden

a1425(c1385) Chaucer TC (Benson-Robinson) 3.1370: A broche, gold and asure, In which a ruby set was lik an herte, Criseyde hym yaf.

s.n. mace (a) A club used in warfare

a1400 Lanfranc (Ashm 1396) 122/4: If þat a wounde be maad in' þe heed wiþ brusynge, as wiþ a mace or wiþ a staf, [etc.].

[March 2012 Cover Letter] rom Pelican: Making Heraldic Titles from Order Names

On the October 2011 Cover Letter, I asked whether we should allow heraldic titles to be created from any order names, or only some order names. We now know that there were a variety of patterns that led to period order names. Some were derived from the badges of the orders, and were derived from heraldic charges (sometimes unmodified, sometimes with a color attached, sometimes two charges together). Some were derived from regalia attached to the orders. Both of these types of order names were used to create heraldic titles in period. We therefore will continue to allow heraldic titles to be created following these patterns.

Submitted under the name Konrad Mailander on the ILoI with a letter of PtC. It was discovered that unfortunately Permission to Conflict cannot be granted between a Heraldic title and award name per NPN. 3. E. "Any change to the sound and appearance of the designator is sufficient to allow the registration of a non-personal name with a letter of permission to conflict, except when both items are branches, orders or awards, or heraldic titles or when one item is an order or award and the other is a heraldic title." http://heraldry.sca.org/sena.html#NPN3E

After consulting with Their Majesties and the Dragon Principal Herald it was decided that the Kingdom would register the title and transfer it to me under the Administrative Handbook of the College of Arms II. A. 5. "Heraldic titles may be submitted by the individual or may be transferred to the individual with the approval of the owning branch and the kingdom to which it belongs." http://heraldry.sca.org/admin.html#II.A


This item was on the 03-2015 LoAR

9: Mór ingen Lorccáin - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Sound most important.
Language (Gaelic - Irish,Scottish) most important.
Meaning (daughter of Lawrence) most important.

<Mór> is a female Middle Irish given name found in Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada's "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Mor.shtml) with relevant Annals dates of 916, 917, 918, 980, 985, 986, 991, 992, 1053, 1086, 1088, 1114, 1122, 1127-1134, 1137, 1167, 1190, 1196.

ingen is the correct patronymic marker for Middle Irish

<Lorccáin> is the genitive form of the Middle Irish male name <Lorccán>. Patronymic bynames need to use the genitive form of the father's name. <Lorccán> is found in Mari's "Index" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Lorccan.shtml) with relevant Annals dates of 913, 942, 943, 1078, 1162.

Submitted as <Mor ingen Lorcán>. The documentation provided by the submitter was not great (Woulfe for the given name and catholic.org for the byname.) better documentation was provided by commenters. The patronymic was change to use the genitive form. The documented spelling for the given name had an accent. Accents have to be used consistently and since they used the accent in the original submitted byname we chose to use accents throughout.


This item was on the 03-2015 LoAR

10: North Woods, Barony of the - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1974,

Azure, a sun Or within three wolves in annulo courant argent.

The badge has been redrawn. Original emblazon attached. The submitted emblazon had a black thin line annulet that was an artifact of being designed on a round shape and was transferred to the form with the emblazon. This would have been reason for return for redraw. The sun has been enlarged to be the primary charge as well after consulting with the Baron and Baroness of the Barony. The new emblazon was approved by the Baron and Baroness of the North Woods.

There is a step from period practice for the arrangement in annulo. With enlarging the sun that should be the only one. From the December 2012 LoAR Cover Letter: "A submission this month raised the issue of whether or not multiple charges in annulo, where the charges are arranged and turned in a circle so that each charge has a different orientation, is found in period armory. Evidence provided suggests that in fact it is not a period motif at all. Multiple charges arranged in annulo or in orle are typically only found palewise in period armory.However, that design motif has a long history in Society heraldry, and so we are not inclined to banish it at this time. Therefore, the motif of multiple charges in annulo or in orle, where the charges are not in their default orientation is henceforth considered a step from period practice." http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2012/12/12-12cl.html#6

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=515/2014-12-20/01-17-39_northwoods_badgeColor.jpg


This item was on the 03-2015 LoAR

11: Rory Buchanan - New Name & New Device

Bendy azure and argent, a chief embattled gules.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Sound most important.

<Rore> Index of Scots names found in Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue: Rory http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/scots/dost/rory.html 1 occurrence dated 1494

<Buchanan> Surnames of Scotland - Black - p111; s.n. Buchanan George Buchanan 1506-1582

Submitter will allow the addition of the article "de" if needed for registration.


This item was on the 03-2015 LoAR

12: Sáerlaith Arnbjarnarkona - New Name & New Device

Purpure, a bend checky Or and vert between two domestic cats couchant reguardant argent.

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Saerlaith Arnbiarnarkona would mix Middle Gaelic and Old Norse which is permitted by SENA.

Index of Names in Irish Annals: Sáerlaith by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan

http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Saerlaith.shtml

Middle Irish Gaelic (c900-c1200) form: Sáerlaith

Viking Names found in Landnámabók by Aryanhwy merch Catmael

http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/landnamabok.html

Masculine Names - Arnbiǫrn

Arnbjǫrn - http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONMensNames.shtml#Arnbjorn

FJ pp. 12, 342, 348 s.nn. Arnbjǫrn, Arn-, -bjǫrn; CV p. 66 s.v. bjǫrn; NR s.nn. Ar(in)n-/Ær(in)nbiǫrn, Ar(in)n-/Ær(in)n-, -biǫrn, Biarni

Names ending in -bjǫrn or -ǫrn form a genitive with -bjarnar and -arnar, respectively.

So the patronymic would be Arnbiarnarkona.

Submitted as <Saerlaith Arnbjornkona>. The patronymic was not properly formed with the genitive form of Arnbjorn. On consulting with the submitter to inform them of the necessary change they indicated they would prefer the accent in the given name.

Despite trying different scanners and different monitors, the field still appears Blue on the digital version of the device form. However, on the original paper submission, the field is colored Purple in crayola-style marker.


This item was on the 03-2015 LoAR

13: Saldís Domnalsdóttir - New Name & New Device

Per chevron azure and paly wavy azure and Or, on a chevron Or nine ogresses.

Language (Old Norse - 9/10th C./Gaelic) most important.
Culture (Old Norse - 9/10th C./Gaelic) most important.

Saldís - www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONWomensNames.shtml with notation source as Geirr Bassi pp14.

For the first element Sal- see above. For the second element -dís see above. A short-form for names in -dís is Dísa. GB pp. 14; FJ pp. 346; CV pp. xxxiv s.v. "Pet Names"; CV pp. 100, 510 s.v. dís, salr

Domnall - heraldry.sca.org/names/irish100.html

heraldry.sca.org/names/simplescotgaelicnames12.htm

Unfortunately the name as submitted Gaelic and Old Norse in one element.

But you cannot mix languages within the same name element. SENA P.N.1.B. says:

"A registerable name phrase must follow the rules of grammar and structure for a single time and place. It may not mix languages unless that mixing of languages within a name phrase is attested as a period practice."

Mixing <Domnall> and <dóttir> in a single name phrase isn't registerable, unless it can be shown that <Domnall> appears in a Norse context.

Old Norse Forms of Early Irish Names by Brian M. Scott (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/drafts/irish-norse.html) includes:

sn. Domnall:

RN's normalized ON form from runic tomnal (nom.); not in Lind or Arnórsson. Since this is from an inscription that also has a byname selshofoþ, it must be the one given by Gordon (186) as tomnal selshofoþ a soerþ (þ)eta 'Domnall seal's-head owns this sword', who says that it's from a 12th c. sword-hilt found in a grave-mound at Greenmount, Louth, Ireland. From EIr Domnall.

RN is Nordiskt runnamnslexikon by Lena Peterson (http://www.sprakochfolkminnen.se/om-oss/arkiv-och-samlingar/nordiskt-runnamnslexikon.html), and sure enough the header form is <Domnall>. Although, with that said, the runic inscription, and the sources in the documentation summary are either for the 12th c., or a vaguely "pre-12th century" date.

We can point to a later-period Norse example of a Gaelic name showing up in Diplomatarium Norvegicum with:

<Erikr Duggalsson> 1285 (http://www.dokpro.uio.no/perl/middelalder/diplom_vise_tekst.prl?b=4614&s=n&str=Duggal%)

So, after all that, Domnalsdóttir is probably fine. [Thanks to Goutte d'Eau]


This item was on the 03-2015 LoAR

14: Waldetrudis von Metten - New Name & New Device

Per pale gules and argent two vested bishop arms addorsed sustaining croziers in saltire counterchanged in base a point pointed plumetty azure and Or.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Spelling most important.

Waldetrudis - Catholic Online Saints Saint Waldetrudis Death: 688 Waldetrudis is the Dutch spelling of the saint's name. http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=2025

Natales sanctorum Belgii, et eorundem chronica recapitulatio Ioanne Molano, 1595 http://books.google.com.au/books?id=Bs4WAAAAQAAJ&pg=RA4-PA113&dq=Waldetrudis&hl=en&sa=X&ei=wlsnVPuLA 9K2uATFm4GACw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Waldetrudis&f=false The spelling Waldetrudis is found on p. 64, 113, 152, 239

Translations by Google of some of the references:

p. 64 "Castrilocum transferred to the monastery of the Saint Waldetrudis"

p. 113 "the intervention of the Blessed Waldetrudis"

p.152 "Saint Waltrudis"

p.239 "contemporary Saints Autberti , Landelini , Vincent , and Waldetrudis"

von Metten - Metten Abby was founded in 766 in Bavaria and the town of Metten grew up around it.

In the Benedictine Tradition By M. Dorothy Neuhofer p.66

http://books.google.com/books?id=rReXZuQP77cC&pg=PA77&dq=Metten+Abby&hl=en&sa=X&ei=y000VNSlONOUyASm3 oBo&ved=0CCEQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Metten%20&f=false

Studien und Mitteilungen zur Geschichte des Benediktiner-Ordens und seiner Zweige vol. 25 (Studies and Notes on the History of the Benedictine Order and its branches) p. 183

http://books.google.com/books?id=Cno7AQAAMAAJ&pg=PA897&dq=Studien+und+Mitteilungen+zur+Geschichte+de s+Benediktiner-Ordens+und+seiner+Zweige+25&hl=en&sa=X&ei=4kc0VLj1N9WmyATrnYCgCw&ved=0CCMQ6wEwAQ#v=s nippet&q=Utto%20von%20Metten&f=false

Google Translation:

"It follows at first that this Abbot of Metten Utto lived circa 800."

"Furthermore, since the abbots appear as ordered here pretty after her accession to the throne , can be accepted as credible that Utto of Metten c . 790 started his government has finally note that in Metten not deceased abbot is called , as in other monasteries , which is why we look Utto as the first abbot of Metten , the c . 790 has taken"

According to Wikipedia "The name Abbot Utto of Metten appears in 772 in the Verbrüderungsbuch (a German register of medieval abbeys) of the synod of Dingolfing and in 784 in the Verbrüderungsbuch of St. Peter's Archabbey in Salzburg." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Utto The German is Utto von Metten.

We have had trouble finding verification that Metten was the medieval spelling of the town's name but neither have we found any indication that the town or Abby was known under any other name.


In Service to the Client, Kingdom, and College,

Meister Konrad Mailander, OP

Rouge Scarpe Herald


OSCAR counts 7 New Names, 2 New Name Changes, 1 New Branch Name, 1 New Heraldic Title, 6 New Devices, 1 New Device Change, 1 New Badge and 1 New Augmentation of Arms. These 20 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $60 for them. OSCAR counts 1 New Holding Name Change. This item is not chargeable. There are a total of 21 items submitted on this letter.

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