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Middle LoI dated 2014-11-26

Unto Andrewe Laurel, Lillia Pelican, Brunissende Wreath, and the rest of the College of Arms, does Konrad Mailander, Rouge Scarpe Herald, send greetings.

This is the Middle Kingdom External Letter of Intent for the items on Escutcheon's October 11th, 2014 ILoI which can be found here: http://oscar.sca.org/kingdom/kingloi.php?kingdom=4&loi=2867

My thanks to Alexander Adelbrecht von Markelingen, Alys Mackyntoich, Beatrice Domenici della Campana, Chaya Simcha bat Yonah, Calybrid Ine Tere, Christian Jorgensen af Hilsonger, Estelle de la Mer, Gunnvor silfraharr, Madog Hir of Aire Faucon, Basil Dragonstrike, Jean Yves de Chierebourg, Michael Gerard Curtememoire, Hrothny Rognvaldsdottir, Vettorio Antonello, Juetta Copin, Magnus von Lübeck, Kihō, and ffride wlffsdotter for their commentary.

It is the intent of the College of Heralds of the Middle to register the following items. Unless otherwise noted, the submitter has no desire for authenticity and allows any changes.

This item was on the 02-2015 LoAR

1: Aurora Lucia Marinella - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2011, via Æthelmearc

(Fieldless) On a fesswise cushion per fess azure and gules a demi-sun issuant from the line of division Or.

There was a lot of discussion as to whether it is possible to blazon the demi-sun both issuing from the line of division and overlapping the top of the cushion. Not having a better working blazon to suggest I have left the blazon as submitted.


This item was on the 02-2015 LoAR

2: Brynniulfr Herleifsson - New Augmentation of Arms

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 2013, via the Middle

Quarterly sable and vert a bear's head erased and a bordure argent and for augmentation in base a quill pen fesswise argent enflamed proper.

The following device associated with this name was registered in July of 2013 (via the Middle): Quarterly sable and vert, a bear's head erased and a bordure argent.

Per the Middle OP: Brynniulfr Herleifsson Royal Augmentation of Arms Quill argent, enflamed proper 13 Sep, 2014 (A.S. 49)


This item was on the 02-2015 LoAR

3: Cynwrig ap Lewelyn - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2004, via the Middle

Azure, three snakes nowed in triangle Or.

The original submission, Vert, four snakes nowed in a quatrefoil knot Or, was returned by Laurel January 2014.

This device is returned for visual conflict under SENA A5D2, which states that "two arrangements of charges may create a design that is nearly indistinguishable visually, even though there is sufficient technical difference between them." This device is in conflict with the badge of Eilis ni Roibeard O'Boirne, (Tinctureless) A quatrefoil knot. Technically, there is a DC for tincturelessness, and a DC for the difference between snakes and a knot. However, "serpents are significantly different (a CD) from cords, but may continue to have visual conflict with knots... [Abu Ahmed Khalid al-Rashid, R-Atlantia, December 2011 LoAR]" While a change of tincture does typically clear visual conflict, in this case it cannot as Eilis's badge is tinctureless, and so could be depicted in the same tinctures at Cynwrig's submission.

Parker mentions (http://www.heraldsnet.org/saitou/parker/Jpglosss.htm):

Gules, three snakes nowed in triangle argent--EDNOWAIN AP BRADWEN, Merionethshire.

Gules, three snakes nowed in triangle argent, within a bordure engrailed or--LEWIS, Warwickshire.

http://www.theheraldrysociety.com/articles/wales/arms_of_the_xv_noble_tribes.htm dates EDNOWAIN ap BRADWEN as c. 1150 - c. 1200 with that device.

Here are some more undated images of it:

1: From Chirk Castle http://www.flickr.com/photos/35138806@N08/8641615020/

2: From Bangor Cathedral: http://im-possible.info/english/articles/borromeo/


This item was on the 02-2015 LoAR

4: Damiana Evstokhivna Sodnitsina - Resub Name Change From Holding Name

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in February of 2015, via the Middle.

Old Item: Damiana of Cleftlands, to be released.

Previous submission , Damiana Evstakiyivna Sodnyitsa, was returned by Laurel in May, 2014.

"The submission constructed Evstakiyivna as a patronymic derived from the documented Evstokhi. However, this patronymic construction is not documented and is not grammatically correct even today. In commentary, Sofya la Rus was able to document the grammatically correct patronyms; the closest to the submitted form is Evstokhivna.

The submission asserted that Sodnyitsa was a Ukranian word meaning "rider, horseman." Commenters could not confirm that information and no documentation for it was included. The closest sounding name that commenters could find was the masculine name Sotnitsa. Following a marked patronymic like Evstokhivna, the most likely form is Sodnitsina. Therefore, Damiana Evstokhivna Sodnitsina is a registerable form of this name. However, given the level of the change and that the second byname is different in meaning, we are returning this to allow the submitter to consider her options."

The Submitter accepts the proposed form, and is resubmitting to request that the change be made from the holding name to <Damiana Evstokhivna Sodnitsina> but has provided no documentation other than Laurel's decision.


This item was on the 02-2015 LoAR

5: Eginolf von Basel - Resub Device Change

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2005, via the Middle

Per fess gules and bendy gules and azure, in chief an egg argent.

Old Item: Bendy Or and azure, a wolf's head erased ululant contourny gules maintaining in its mouth an egg argent, on a chief Or three eagles gules., to be retained as a badge.

This is a resub for Eginolf von Basel. His arms were returned on 07-2013 LoAR and can be found in OSCAR here: http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=145&id=31128

Eginolf von Basel. Device change. Bendy azure and gules, a wolf's head contourny erased Or maintaining in its mouth an egg argent.

While the submitter provided sufficient documentation for this low-contrast multiply-divided field, the documentation was not sufficient for the combination of this field with a primary charge partially obscuring it. Therefore we must reluctantly return it for insufficient documentation of an Individually Attested Pattern.

This device is also returned for conflict with the device of Wulfgar der Krieger, Gyronny of six palewise sable and argent, a wolf's head erased contourny Or. There is one DC for the change in field, but nothing for the maintained egg.

Submitted for an attested pattern of red and blue bendy field. The descriptions of the included images is below the quoted text.

Jennifer Smith (via SCA Heraldry Chat): "If you want to stick to German, you can cite the 2-3 barry, chevronny, checky and paly that are all red+blue, and then find *any other* color combination of bendy (or something that includes bendy, like paly bendy), to prove that the Germans did in fact use that field division. Then you've got proof of the field division AND red&blue used on other fields sliced into a similar number of pieces."

Image #1: 5 examples of multiply divided fields of red and blue from Siebmacher's Wappenbuch.

Image #2: Antol Tirol's Wappenbuch, 1540. http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/bsb00001649/image_255 125r in base paly gules and azure.

Image #3: An Italian example: (Stemmario?) Trivulziano: "Induno: bendy azure & gules... P180" c. 1470-1480.

Image #4: Siebmacher Wappenbuch example of a regular bendy field (or red and white).

An English example in text: From "The Visitation of Kent" by John Philipot. 1898. "From 1619: Hendley: 'Quarterly 1 and 4: Paly bendy azure and gules, eight martlets in orle, three, two and three, Or...'"

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=515/2014-11-26/17-11-25_Red-n-amp;Bluemorethan4.png
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=515/2014-11-26/17-11-26_Egg02.png
#3 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=515/2014-11-26/17-11-26_Egg03.png
#4 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=515/2014-11-26/17-11-27_Egg04.png


This item was on the 02-2015 LoAR

6: Elianora Saunfayle - New Augmentation of Arms

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2008, via the Middle

Quarterly sable and vert, an annulet Or within a bordure argent, and as augmentation in dexter chief a quill pen bendwise argent enflamed proper.

Elianora Saunfayle. Device. Quarterly sable and vert, an annulet Or within a bordure argent. 9/2009 LoAR

Per Middle OP: Elianora Saunfayle Royal Augmentation of Arms Quill argent, enflamed proper 13 Sep, 2014 (A.S. 49)


This item was on the 02-2015 LoAR

7: Faraldr Sørkvir - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Faraldr is a masculine name from Geirr Bassi, p 9.

Sørkvir is a byname from Geirr Bassi, p29, col. 1, means "Quarreler, grumbler".


This item was on the 02-2015 LoAR

8: Frøkn mac Cannech - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name on the Middle LoI of July 30, 2014 as submitted.

Per saltire purpure and vert, a saltire erminois, between in cross a Celtic cross and three griffins passant argent.

Original submission, Per saltire purpure and vert, a saltire erminois, in chief a celtic cross, in fess two swords and in base a griffon passant argent.

Returned by kingdom 7/2014, as it was considered to be "slot machine" heraldry.

The scan from the ILoI made the purpure look like azure. That was an artifact of the scanning and has been corrected.


This item was on the 02-2015 LoAR

9: Iǫfurr Ormarsson - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Culture (Norse and scandinavian) most important.

Iǫfurr -

http://www.ivysdomain.com/webdocs/NordisktRunnamnslexicon.pdf

ö becomes ǫ, so the name would be <Iǫfurr Ormarsson>.

Name is formed correctly.

The Nordiskt runnamnslexikon is online here: http://www.sprakochfolkminnen.se/download/18.41318b8514835190952b54/1411045192660/Nordiskt+runnamnsl exikon+2007.pdf with:

<Iǫfurr> p. 143 <Ormarr> p. 174

Iôfurr mn.

Fsv. Iavur, Iuvur, fvn. Iôfurr

Av (fvn.) jôfurr (urnord. *eburaR) m. 'furste', egentl. 'vildgalt'. Som f.l. →

Iôfur-. Jfr → Iór-.

Nom. iofur U1015 $ , iufur U1056, U1065, U1121 $ , [iufur] U1073†, U1086†,

U1131†

Ack. iafur U901, iufur U319, U904, [iufur] U1005

Litt.: Janzén 1947b s. 83 f., Hellberg 1965 s. 47 f.

Beläggen i U901, U904 avser samma person. (Additional doc by Goutte d'Eau)

Ormarsson -

Ormarr is found in:

http://www.ivysdomain.com/webdocs/NordisktRunnamnslexicon.pdf

Submitted as <Iöfurr Ormarsson>

Correction to Name (2014-Nov-26 21:11:31): I cut and pasted from the second NR link but it is showing different marks than what you see if you look at the source.


This item was on the 02-2015 LoAR

10: Jean Yves de Chierebourg - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 2013, via the Middle

Argent, a ewer vert and a bordure vert platy.


This item was on the 02-2015 LoAR

11: Katherine Fixis - New Name & New Device

Argent, a compass star gules, on a base azure a wolf courant sinister argent.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Sound most important.

Katherine - 1597. A Dictionary of English Surnames, by Talan Gwynek

http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/talan/reaney/reaney.cgi?Katharine

FamilySearch Historical Records:

<Eliz. Fixis> christened 1643, London. Batch no. C02242-3 (http://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/NLNV-9CM).

(The batch number is important!)

For time and place nice-ness (although it isn't necessary):

<Katherine> christened 1643, London. Batch no. C04160-6 (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/J3GW-G4D)


This item was on the 02-2015 LoAR

12: Maaicke van Zanten - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2009, via the Middle

Argent, the kanji for "Mei" ('bright') and a base wavy azure.

This is a Resubmission of Device Change from a Laurel return June 2014.

The submission history: [June 2014 LoAR, R-Middle] Maaicke van Zanten. Device change. Argent, the kanji for "bright" and a base wavy azure.

This device is returned for conflict with the device of Cadell ap Hubert, Argent, the astronomical sign of Sagittarius and a gore sinister azure.We do not grant difference between any two abstract symbols. Therefore, there is a single DC for changing the gore to a base wavy.

This device was pended on the January 2014 LoAR to discuss two different issues: whether we should continue to register kanji in armory and how we should we handle kanji and abstract symbols in general for purposes of counting the number of charges in a single absract symbol.

Commenters were able to provide evidence of the period use of Kanji, in Japanese heraldry. For this reason, they will remain registerable. We reaffirm the March 2006 precedent:

The use of kanji is one step from period practice. By which, yes, we mean period European heraldic practice. [Yamahara Yorimasa, 03/2006, Æthelmearc-R].

Regarding the number of elements: although this glyph presents two visually unconnected sections it is one abstract symbol. Here, as Solveig Throndardottir explains: "This is a single kanji and should be regarded as a single charge. Yes it does have two components. The left hand component happens to be the sun and the right hand component happens to be the moon. However, the two components together are a single kanji. This is a common feature of kanji many of which are disconnected. Kanji components are called bushu in Japanese and radicals in English. This kanji has two radicals."

Similarly to European letters with accent marks, visually disconnected and yet being a specific letter, the visually disconnected elements of abstract symbols are not separate charges.

A letter of permission to conflict has been obtained from Cadell ap Hubert's legal heir.


This item was on the 02-2015 LoAR

13: Rivenstar, Barony of - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in August of 1979, via the Middle

(Fieldless) On a tower azure, a riven star argent.

This submission is to be associated with Rivenstar, Barony of

The use of a riven star as a charge is grandfathered to the group:

Rivenstar, Barony of This branch-name was registered in August of 1979 (via the Middle).

The following device associated with this name was registered in August of 1979 (via the Middle):

Azure, a riven star between in bend sinister two laurel wreaths, all argent.

The following badge associated with this name was registered in August of 1979 (via the Middle):

Azure, a riven star argent.


This item was on the 02-2015 LoAR

14: Takeda Fuyuuji - New Name & New Device

Vert, in cross four rustres within an annulet argent.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language most important.
Culture (16thc Japanese) most important.

Fuyuuji: Found in Japanese Formal Masculine Given Names by Solveig Throndardottir and the Academy of Saint Gabriel

http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/solveig/nanori/nanorif.html

Takeda: Nihon Zatsuroku An Online Japanese Miscellany Japanese Names http://www.sengokudaimyo.com/miscellany/names.html Listed under "Some surnames of families active prior to 1600"

Consider the following ruling from http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2003/09/03-09lar.html:

Griffin de Mohun. Badge. (Fieldless) A rustre sable.

A question was raised in commentary about heraldic difference between a rustre and a lozenge. A rustre is an uncommon charge in comparison with lozenges and mascles, but one which is described in late period. Hierosme de Bara's 1581 Le Blason Des Armoiries pp. 46-47 depicts the lozenge, the rustre, and the mascle. These are treated as distinct charges in the treatise. Thus, these three charges are considered significantly different under the provisions of difference in RfS X.4.e, which states, "Types of charges considered to be separate in period... will be considered different."

Note that by previous precedent, piercing is considered equivalent to a tertiary charge unless it is drawn in a small insignificant fashion: "After much thought, we decided that piercing is worth a CD when drawn large enough to be equivalent to adding a tertiary charge" (LoAR December 1999). By this criterion, lozenges, rustres and mascles are also distinct from each other. As an artistic note concerning the "lozenges with holes in them" class of period charges, the roundel in the center of the rustre in De Bara is by no means an insignificant piercing, but is the size of a good-sized tertiary charge. It is a bit larger proportionally than the (also significantly sized) roundel in the center of the rustre illustrated in Brooke-Little's An Heraldic Alphabet. As for mascles, they have always been drawn with a sizeable central piercing throughout their extensive period of use as a charge in heraldry. For some examples, see Bedingfeld and Gwynn-Jones' Heraldry p. 17 (from the Matthew Paris shields c.1244), and p. 61 (from the 15th c. Fenwick roll).

Thus, mascles and rustres are a at least DC apart.

The annulet is a bit thin but we hope an artist note will suffice.


This item was on the 02-2015 LoAR

15: Tamura of the Saii - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Culture (Sarmatian (Lazyges, Roxolani, Alani)) most important.

Tamura: Academy of St. Gabriel letter 3315

http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi/3315.txt

Greek Names with Scytho-Sarmatian Roots by Ursula Georges

http://yarntheory.net/ursulageorges/names/iranianroots.html

The Saii tribe:

Harmatta, J. Studies in the History and Language of the Sarmatians.

http://www.kroraina.com/sarm/jh/jh1_1.html

The name may have problems. The Saii were a minor tribe of Sarmatians (relatives of the Scythians) and may be considered to not have had contact with medieval Europe. There is this precedent: [January 2004 LoAR, R-East] Tomyris of the Sauromatae. Name. This name is being returned for multiple problems. These include: No evidence was found to support contact between medieval or Renaissance Europe and 6th C B.C. Scythian and/or Sauromatae cultures. It is eing sent up for more commentary and for Pelican Herald to decide if the Saii are a no contact culture.


This item was on the 02-2015 LoAR

16: Wilhelm Michalik - New Augmentation of Arms

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2003, via the Middle

Sable, in fess a tree eradicated argent and another Or and for augmentation in base a quill pen argent enflamed proper.

Awarded Augmentation of Arms by the Crown of the Middle 9/13/2014

The base device is already registered.

Wilhelm Michalik

The following device associated with this name was registered in October of 2004 (via the Middle):

Sable, in fess a tree eradicated argent and another Or.


This item was on the 02-2015 LoAR

17: Yngerame Erskyn - New Name & New Device

Ermine, on a chevron gules three calamaries chevronwise argent.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Sound most important.

Both name elements come from the same article:

"13th & 14th Century Scottish Names" by Symon Freser of Lovat (Bryan J. Maloney)

http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/symonFreser/scottish14

Based on the notes about the formatting of the article, the spellings of both the given name and the byname are those found in the original text, rather than modernized forms.

Yngerame is found at:

http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/symonFreser/scottish14/scottish14_given.html

Erskyn is found at:

http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/symonFreser/scottish14/scottish14_sur.html

There was much discussion on the orientation of the calimaries and whether they were registerable as depicted. Orle provided documentation of this arrangement in period arms [Image #1] They're from:

1500s Insignia Anglica [BSB Cod.icon. 291] http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bvb:12-bsb00001647-9

◾25v: http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/bsb00001647/image_54

◾44v: http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/bsb00001647/image_92

◾42v: http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/bsb00001647/image_88

◾39r: http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/bsb00001647/image_81

Also there was brought up the possibility that reblazoning of a number of registered armory items my be necessary for charges on chevrons.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=515/2014-11-26/18-09-38_22-03-21_FollowOrdinary.png


In Service to the Client, Kingdom, and College,

Meister Konrad Mailander, OP

Rouge Scarpe Herald


OSCAR counts 6 New Names, 3 New Devices, 3 New Badges and 3 New Augmentation of Armss. These 15 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $45 for them. OSCAR counts 1 New Holding Name Change. OSCAR counts 1 Resub Name Change, 3 Resub Devices and 1 Resub Device Change. These 6 items are not chargeable. There are a total of 21 items submitted on this letter.

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