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East LoI dated 2014-07-14

Unto Gabriel Laurel, Lillia Pellycan and Brunissende Wreath from Alys Blue Tyger, greetings and every good thing.

It is the intent of the College of Heralds of the East to register the following items. Unless otherwise noted, the submitter has no desire for authenticity and allows any changes.

This item was on the 10-2014 LoAR

1: Áine an Doire - New Name & New Device

Per pale sable and azure, in pale a thistle and a crescent argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Language (unspecified) most important.
Culture (unspecified) most important.

Áine is a Middle and Early Modern Gaelic female given name found in the "Index of Names in Irish Annals" by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Aine.shtml) with relevant Annals dates of 1169, 1171, 1316, 1319, 1325, 1329, 1381, 1382, 1386, 1405, 1419, 1427, 1431, 1441 and 1468.

an Doire is an Early Modern Gaelic descriptive byname meaning "[of] the Oak-grove/Oak-wood" also found in Mari's "Index" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/DescriptiveBynames/anDoire.shtml) with relevant Annals dates of 1249, 1487, 1578 and 1588.

The general rule is that female descriptive bynames need to be lenited except in specific instances. "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names" by Sharon Krossa (http://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/#descriptivebyname). This name appears to fit one of the exceptions -- the given name ends with an -e and the descriptive begins with a vowel.


This item was on the 10-2014 LoAR

2: Alana Snowe - New Name & New Device

Gyronny sable and Or, a dogwood flower and an orle azure

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound (ah-la-na) most important.

Alana is a female given name found in Fenwick, Carolyn C., Poll Taxes of 1377, 1379, and 1381, Part 1: Bedfordshire-Leicestershire at p. 112 dated to 1381.

Snowe is a byname found in "An Index to the 1332 Lay Subsidy Rolls for Lincolnshire, England" by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/LincLSR/BynS2.html).

Commenters in Kingdom pointed out that the flower is a New World dogwood. By precedent, New World dogwood flowers are registerable:

"[T]he dogwood depicted here is a New World species Cornus florida, but [] its native range includes the area of St. Augustine, Florida, which has been continuously occupied since 1565, and the area of the Roanoke settlement, in the 1580s. While it was first discovered in the South in 1773 by William Bartram, we can find no record of when it was known near Roanoke. We will give submitters the benefit of the doubt that the Europeans that settled in these locations knew of this species. There is, therefore, a step from period practice for the use of New World flora not found in period armory." [Úrsúla of Rouen, 4/2011 LoAR, A-Aethelmearc]

The use of the New World dogwood is the only Step from Period Practice in this device.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=449/2014-07-14/17-58-18_AlanaScan1.JPG
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=449/2014-07-14/17-58-19_AlanaScan2.JPG


This item was on the 10-2014 LoAR

3: An Dubhaigeainn, Barony of - New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 1993, via the East

Order of the Silver Egg

No major changes.

This order name follows the pattern of [color] + [heraldic charge] found in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/).

Silver -- The May 2008 Cover Letter states: "Silver in order and award names: The August 2005 cover letter says that 'orders named for heraldic charges or for items that, while not found in period as heraldic charges, may be used as heraldic charges...may contain the ordinary color names of any heraldic tincture.' This includes the use of Silver as the ordinary color name of argent." (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2008/05/08-05cl.html)

An egg is a period heraldic charge. The updated Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry (http://mistholme.com/dictionary/egg/) states:

An egg is a hard-shelled ovoid, laid by birds for the making of more birds. It is a rare but period charge, found in the arms of Jaworsky, 1605 [Siebmacher 75].

Silver Egg uses the Lingua Anglica forms for the substantive elements as permitted by NPN.1.C.2.c


This item was on the 10-2014 LoAR

4: Brick James Beech - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Sound (Brick) most important.
Spelling (Brick) most important.

Double given names are found "late" in English according to Appendix A of SENA.

Brick is a 16th cen. English surname found in the Family Search Historical Records for England:

Robertus Brick; Male; Marriage; 25 Nov 1583; Amcotts, Lincoln, England; Batch: M02699-3 (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/NXQ7-W5Q)
Mary Brick; Female; Christening; 02 Oct 1599; Newport, Shropshire, England; Batch: C03474-1 (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/NGT8-5JC)

Such surnames can be used as given names by precedent. [Alton of Grimfells, 4/2010 LoAR, A-East].

James is a male given name found in "Late 16th Century English Given Names" by Talan Gwynek (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/eng16/eng16alpha.html).

Beech is an English surname found in Hitching & Hitching, References to English Surnames in 1601 and 1602 at pp. xxii and lxx.

Kingdom commentary was sharply divided as to whether this name is offensive and/or obtrusively modern. When spoken with a certain cadence, the name references a sketch from The Chapelle Show in which a character introduced himself with the phrase "I'm Rick James, bitch".

While only about half of the commenters identified the reference without its being pointed out, those who did catch the reference commented that they could not "un-hear" the modern reference and that it disrupted their medieval mindset. Those who thought the name should be registerable pointed out that The Chapelle Show sketch is several years old (the show ended in 2006), and that the cultural awareness of this meme is on the wane.(http://knowyourmeme.com/memes/im-rick-james-bitch).

Female commenters were sensitive to the use of a byname that sounds like "bitch," particularly in a context where that epithet seems to be addressed to the listener.

Questions of offensiveness and obtrusive modernity are best addressed by Pelican after Society-wide commentary. Should Pelican conclude that the name in this form is not registerable, the submitter will accept the alternate form Brick James.


This item was on the 10-2014 LoAR

5: Cassandra Grey of Loch Leven - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in August of 2002, via the East

Quarterly vert and azure, a compass rose and a chief argent

The identical device was returned on the February 2008 LoAR for conflict with the armory of Colin Gordon, Per pale azure and gules, a compass star within and conjoined to an annulet, a chief argent. There was only a single CD under the old RfS, as no difference was granted between a compass rose and a compass star within and conjoined to an annulet.

The submitter has now obtained a letter of permission to conflict from Colin Gordon.


This item was on the 10-2014 LoAR

6: Duggmore Dunmore - New Device Change

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 2013, via the East

Argent, an owl contourny within an orle vert

Old Item: Per fess argent and vert, three owls counterchanged, to be retained as a badge.

Correction to Device (2014-Aug-26 13:08:53): The submitter put in a different device change at Pennsic. This device is WITHDRAWN.

Correction to Device (2014-Sep-02 08:09:30): NO FORM HAS BEEN UPLOADED BECAUSE THIS DEVICE HAS BEEN WITHDRAWN


This item was on the 10-2014 LoAR

7: Eginhard d'Aix la Chapelle - New Name & New Device

Eginhard d'Aix la Chapelle

Per pale sable and azure, a lion Or and in chief two mullets of four points argent

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (9th cen. Frankish) most important.
Culture (9th cen. Frankish) most important.
Spelling (as submitted) most important.

Both name elements appear in Sommaire de l'histoire des François: recueilly des plus certains aucteurs de l'ancienneté et digeré selon le vray ordre des temps en quatre livres, published in 1579 (http://books.google.com/books/about/Sommaire_de_l_histoire_des_Fran%C3%A7ois_rec.html?id=eug3PpXCgX8 C).

Eginhard appears as a given name at p. 126: "Eginhard, secretaire de l'Empereur Charles." This translates as "Eginhard, secretary of the Emperor Charles." This section of the book is recounting events from the reign of Charlemagne.

Aix la Chapelle appears as a place name at p. 199: "le Prince Hugues enuoya consequemment ses ambassadeurs vers l'Empereur Othon, lequel s'estoit venu lors trouer à Aix la Chapelle." This translates as "prince Hugues then sent his ambassadors to Emperor Othon, who at that time was at Aix la Chapelle" This section of the book also recounts events from the reign of Charlemagne.

Blue Tyger contacted the submitter about what was truly more important to him -- a 9th cen. Frankish name or the submitted spelling. The submitted spelling is much more important to him.

The device appears to be clear of the armory of Angelique de Beauvais (11/98, Æthelmearc): Per pale sable and azure, a lion rampant maintaining an arrow Or, its sinister rear paw shackled with a broken chain, atop a mountain argent. There are DCs for the type and number of secondary charges.


This item was on the 10-2014 LoAR

8: Ernst Nuss von Kitzingen - New Household Name & New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2012, via the East

Haus zum Kitzingen

(Fieldless) On a chalice Or a blackletter letter K sable

Language (German) most important.
Spelling (Kitzingen) most important.

The spelling Haus 'house' is quoted on the Dec. 2009 LoAR (Sebastian of Grey Niche and Beatrix von Behr, A-Gleann Abhann) as dating to 1444 in Die Hausnamen und Hauszeichen im mittelalterlichen Freiburg by Karl Schmidt (1930; p. 32).

The August 2010 LoAR, quoting the August 2007 LoAR, gave examples of the pattern haus zum [place name]:

Ortnamen (Placenames): zum Hohen Asperg 1565 zum Basler 1587 zum Bondorf 1343 zum Freiberger 1374 zum Briedenweiler 1565 zumm Opfinger 1404 zum (O:)sterreich 1554 zum R{o:]mer 1403 zum Schwarzwald 1378 zum Unger 1452

Based on this evidence, the August 2010 LoAR concluded that "the more common form of the household name would be Haus zum Ulmer, with Haus zum Ulm also possible." [Andreas der Eisfalke, 8/2010 LoAR, A-East].

Kitzingen is the medieval form of the modern place name Kissingen, found in "German Place Names from a 16th cen. Czech Register" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/german/modernperiod.html).


This item was on the 10-2014 LoAR

9: Ernst Nuss von Kitzingen - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2012, via the East

(Fieldless) On a chalice Or a blackletter letter E sable

This submission is to be associated with Ernst Nuss von Kitzingen


This item was on the 10-2014 LoAR

10: Estefania del Bosque - New Device

OSCAR finds the name on the East LoI of May 07, 2014 as submitted.

Quarterly gules and argent, in bend two maple leaves Or, a bordure counterchanged


This item was on the 10-2014 LoAR

11: Étaín Brecc - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (pre-1200 Irish) most important.
Culture (pre-1200 Irish) most important.
Meaning (freckled) most important.

Étaín is a Middle Irish feminine given name found in "Index of Names in Irish Annals" by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Etain.shtml) with relevant Annals dates of 1104 and 1188.

Brecc is a descriptive byname also found in Mari's "Index" meaning "[the] Speckled/Spotted" (probably meaning "unusually heavily freckled"), with Annals dates of 614, 615, 622, 642, 678, 686 (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/DescriptiveBynames/Brecc.shtml). The name just squeaks by with less than 500 years between the name elements.

For pre-1200 Irish, B lenites to B, so no spelling change to the descriptive byname is required.


This item was on the 10-2014 LoAR

12: Jean Louis Lecocq - New Name & New Device

Or, a cock purpure enflamed gules and on a chief purpure three crosses clechy Or

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (French) most important.
Culture (French) most important.

All elements are found in "Names from Artois, 1601" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/french1601.html).

Jean and Louis are both masculine given names (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/1601masc.html). Double given names are found "late" in French per Appendix A of SENA.

Lecocq is a surname (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/1601sur.html).


This item was on the 10-2014 LoAR

13: Lisa of An Dubhaigeainn - New Name & New Device

Vert, a sword fesswise proper between three apples Or

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Spelling (unspecified) most important.

Lisa is the submitter's legal given name, evidenced by a copy of her N.Y. State Driver's License. Kingdom commenters noted that the name is not obtrusively modern, as it is found in Arval Benicoeur's "Feminine Given Names from the Online Catasto of Florence of 1427" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/catasto/). It is also documentable in England via the Family Search Historical Records:

Lisa T., female, Feb 1580, Christening, BURLESCOMBE, DEVON, ENGLAND, C16847-1 (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/NBMG-ZYY)

An Dubhaigeainn is a registered branch name: An Dubhaigeainn, Shire of was registered in May of 1981 (via the East), and was updated to An Dubhaigeainn, Barony of in March of 1993 (via the East). The use of a registered branch name as a name element is permitted under SENA PN.1.B.2.f.


This item was on the 10-2014 LoAR

14: Magnus the Red - New Name & New Device

Sable, an arrow inverted Or and overall a stag at gaze argent

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Meaning (the red) most important.

Magnus is a male given name found in Withycombe, p. 203, which dates Magnus to the 11th century under Magnus.

the Red is the Lingua Anglica form of the attested bynames le Rede and le Red, both found in R&W s.n. Read dated to 1220 and 1332 respectively.


This item was on the 10-2014 LoAR

15: Medhbh inghean Uí Cheallaigh - New Name & New Device

Argent, a triskelion of spirals purpure and on a chief embattled vert three towers argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Spelling (Medhbh) most important.

Consulting herald: Charitye Dale

Medhbh appears as an alternate spelling of Meadhbh in entry 274 of Cóir Anmann (http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/G503002.html). Cóir Anmann is a medieval Irish treatise on personal names, with extant manuscripts from the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries. Meadhbh is the standard form found in Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada's "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Meadhbh.shtml) with Annals dates of 1444, 1502, 1555, 1577 and 1582.

inghean Uí + [clan ancestor's name in the genitive form and lenited] is the feminine form for clan affiliation bynames in Early Modern Gaelic, per Sharon Krossa's "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names" (http://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/#clanaffiliationbyname).

Cheallaigh is the lenited genitive form of the male given name Ceallach, also found in Mari's "Index" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Cellach.shtml) with relevant Annals dates of 1251, 1278, 1281, 1371 and 1376.


This item was on the 10-2014 LoAR

16: Miriam Giant Killer - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Miriam is a female given name dated to 1589 in "English Given Names from 16th and Early 17th C Marriage Records" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/parishes/parishes.html).

Giant is a surname found in the Family Search Historical Records:

Lea Giant; Female; Marriage; 25 Jul 1605; Bocking, Essex, England; Batch: M00810-1 (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/NVPX-3Q1)

Killer likewise is a surname found in Family Search:

Cahriam Killer; Female; Marriage; 1623; All Saints, Dilhorne, Stafford, England; Batch: M03398-4 (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/NV9Q-4YC)
Margret Killer; Female; Marriage; 09 Nov 1618; Sutton-On-The Hill, Derbyshire, England; Batch: M05951-3 (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/N6NL-P8N)

Double surnames are found in English per Appendix A of SENA.

Commenters were divided on whether this name is offensive, obtrusively modern and/or a claim to supernatural powers. While the majority of commenters had no problem with the name, those that did raised points worthy of further discussion.

The name is not necessarily a claim to the supernatural power to kill monsters, as there is evidence that the word "giant" was used in late period English to refer to very tall people. For example, the On-Line Etymology Dictionary says of the word <giant>:

giant (n.) c.1300, from Old French geant, earlier jaiant (12c.), from Vulgar Latin *gagantem (nominative gagas), from Latin gigas "giant," from Greek gigas (genitive gigantos), one of a race of savage beings, sons of Gaia and Uranus, eventually destroyed by the gods, probably from a pre-Greek language. Replaced Old English ent, eoten, also gigant. The Greek word was used in Septuagint to refer to men of great size and strength, hence the expanded use in modern languages. Of very tall persons from 1550s; of persons who have any quality in extraordinary degree, from 1530s.

In þat tyme wer here non hauntes Of no men bot of geauntes. [Wace's Chronicle, c.1330]

(http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=giant&searchmode=none)

In addition, Shakespeare used the word "giant" to refer to humans in Henry IV, Part II, Act I, scene 2 and in King John, Act I, Scene 1.

Some commenters found a combination of bynames implying killing people to be offensive. However, Viking bynames such as skull-cleaver (clearly implying killing people) have been registered by the College. Finally, the fairy tale of Jack the Giant-Killer is post-period and some commenters found that the name yanked them out of a medieval mindset.

The College registered a similar byname in German in 2010:

"Submitted as Ostwald Konrad von Riesetoten, no evidence was presented that von Riesetoten was a plausible construction in German or that it was period. The submitter suggested Riesentöter "giant-killer" as a possible alternative; however, commenters could find no evidence this epithet was used before the introduction of the English fairy-tale "Jack the Giant-Killer" to Germany in the 18th or 19th centuries. Commenters were able to construct pairs of bynames that sound similar to the byname: the German Riese is a late period form of the German byname found more frequently as Rise. Tod or Töttel are both period German surnames (Brechenmacher, s.nn. Tod, Töttel) while Toten is an English surname (Reaney and Wilson, s.n. Totten). Two surnames can be found in either German or English contexts. As he requested that his name be kept in the German language, we have changed it to Riese Tod. However, Reise Töttel and Riese Toten would be registerable as well." [Ostwald Konrad Riese Tod, Sept. 2010 LoAR, A-Calontir]

Modar Volk noted that Riese Toten appears to translate to "giant killer".

As all of the issues raised on commentary are best handled by Pelican, Blue Tyger has opted to forward the name.


This item was on the 10-2014 LoAR

17: Olivia Baker - New Name & New Badge

(Fieldless) On a lily Or a musical note gules

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Culture (16th cen. English) most important.

Olivia is a female given name found in England in the IGI/Family Search Historical Records:

Olivia Taylor; Female; Marriage; 07 Nov 1568; Wolborough And Newton Abbot, Devon, England; Batch: M05188-1
Olivia Tailer; Female; Marriage; 08 Oct 1583; Wolfhampcote, Warwick, England; Batch: M01093-1

Although the surname was originally submitted as Bakere, during commentary the submitter changed her mind and asked that the surname be spelled Baker instead. Baker is an English surname found in "Names found in Cam, Gloucestershire, Marriage Registers 1569-1600" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/cam.html) dated to 1570, 1577, and 1590.


This item was on the 10-2014 LoAR

18: Rennata of Landstuhl - New Name Change & New Device

OSCAR NOTE: 'Old Item' should contain the former primary name. The form that is there is not a registered name.

Quarterly purpure and vert, a fret couped argent and an orle of dogwood blossoms argent seeded Or

Old Item: Rennata MacDougall, to be released.
Submitter desires a feminine name.

Rennata is a female given name grandfathered to the submitter. It is also the submitter's legal given name, as evidenced by her MA state driver's license, witnessed by Charitye Diademe and Alys Blue Tyger.

Landstuhl is the modern Lingua Anglica spelling of a place in Germany. The place existed in period; it was the site of castle beseiged in 1523. Euan Cameron, The European Reformation (Oxford University Press, 2012) at p. 203 (http://books.google.com/books?id=_6a3kgsbkBIC&dq=landstuhl+sickingen&q=landstuhl#v=snippet&q=landstu hl&f=false). The submitter would prefer a period spelling of the place name, rather than using the Lingua Anglica form, if possible.

Kingdom commenters pointed out that the flower is a New World dogwood. By precedent, New World dogwood flowers are registerable:

"[T]he dogwood depicted here is a New World species Cornus florida, but [] its native range includes the area of St. Augustine, Florida, which has been continuously occupied since 1565, and the area of the Roanoke settlement, in the 1580s. While it was first discovered in the South in 1773 by William Bartram, we can find no record of when it was known near Roanoke. We will give submitters the benefit of the doubt that the Europeans that settled in these locations knew of this species. There is, therefore, a step from period practice for the use of New World flora not found in period armory." [Úrsúla of Rouen, 4/2011 LoAR, A-Aethelmearc]

The use of the New World dogwood is the only Step from Period Practice in this device.


This item was on the 10-2014 LoAR

19: Sorcha Dhocair inghean Uí Ruairc - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2011, via the East

Vert, on a bend sinister between one heart and two hearts Or, three frets couped palewise vert

The submitter's original device, Gyronny Or and vert, a ship sailing to sinister sable between three groups of three gouttes de poix, each one and two, was returned on the February 2001 LoAR for lack of contrast. Some of the sable gouttes were entirely on the vert section of the field.

This is a complete redesign.


This item was on the 10-2014 LoAR

20: Sunnifa in hialtlenzka Tókadóttir - New Name Change & New Device

OSCAR NOTE: 'Old Item' should contain the former primary name. The form that is there is not a registered name.

Argent, in fess a mouse sejant erect contourny sable playing on a harp proper

Old Item: Aoife nic Ruairí, to be released.
Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (Old Norse) most important.
Culture (Old Norse) most important.

Sunnifa is an Old Norse female given name found in Geirr Bassi's The Old Norse Name at p. 15.

in hialtlenzka is a descriptive byname intended to mean "the Shetlander," based on the descriptive byname hialtlendingr meaning "Shetlander" found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "Viking Bynames found in the Landnámabók" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/vikbynames.html). It appears at p. 23 of Geirr Bassi as hjaltlendingr. Gunnvor Orle explained the derivation of the byname in commentary:

<Hjaltlendingr> is a strong adjective meaning "Shetlander". Finnur Jónsson's Tilnavne i den Islandske Oldlitteratur (Copenhagen: H. H. Thieles Bogtrykkeri. 1908. http://books.google.com/books?id=KWkSAAAAYAAJ or http://heimskringla.no/wiki/Tilnavne_i_den_islandske_oldlitteratur) gives us a weak masculine adjective form, <hjaltlenzki>. Weak adjectives may (or may not) use the particle <inn> (masculine) or <in> feminine. Converting to the feminine form of the adjective gives us <hjaltlenzka>, and adding the feminine <in> gives us <in hjaltlenzka>.

Tókadóttir is a patronymic byname meaning daughter of Tóki. Tóki is an Old Norse male name found in Geirr Bassi at p. 15. The patronymic is based on the rules set out for forming patronymics on p. 17 of Geirr Bassi.

The pattern [given] + [descriptive] + [patronymic] is found in Old Norse per Appendix A of SENA.


This item was on the 10-2014 LoAR

21: Þórý Veðardóttir - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name on the East LoI of November 30, 2013 as submitted.

(Fieldless) On a Thor's hammer sable, in fess the runes Thorn, Othila, Raido, Eoh argent

This submission is to be associated with Thory Vedardottir


This item was on the 10-2014 LoAR

22: Volu-Astriðr Tryggvadottir - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Culture (Norse) most important.

The submitter prefers the name without any accents, which is permissible under SENA.

Ástríðr is a female given name found in The Old Norse Name, by Geirr Bassi Haraldsson at p. 8. Blue Tyger would appreciate commentary on whether removing the accents also requires changing the ð to a 'th'.

Vǫlu- is a descriptive prefix meaning "prophetess" or "seeress" found at p. 29 in Geirr Bassi. Precedent holds that this name is not presumptive or an invalid claim to supernatural powers:

Commenters questioned whether the byname Vǫlu "seeress" was presumptuous. It is not. This byname (and the occupation it is derived from) refers to real women who did real things. As such, it is not an unmistakable claim to magical powers. It is parallel to the Norse byname sjóna, ruled registerable in August of 2008, and Gaelic bynames with similar meanings, ruled registerable in December 1997. [Vǫlu-Helena in Flamska, 10/2012 LoAR, A-Ansteorra].

The submitter prefers the spelling Volu- without the o-ogonek. The December 2010 Cover Letter permits this: "We will allow the registration of Old Norse names in simplified versions of standardized Old Norse; for example, a simplification that uses o for both o and ǫ or one that uses th for both þ and ð. Therefore spellings like Bjorn will be registerable as Old Norse spellings."

Tryggvi is a male given name found at p. 15 in Geirr Bassi. The patronymic form is Tryggvadóttir, based on p. 17 of Geirr Bassi.



OSCAR counts 12 New Names, 2 New Name Changes, 1 New Household Name, 1 New Order Name, 10 New Devices, 1 New Device Change and 4 New Badges. These 31 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $93 for them. OSCAR counts 2 Resub Devices. These 2 items are not chargeable. There are a total of 33 items submitted on this letter.

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