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East LoI dated 2007-04-03

Unto Elisabeth Laurel, Jeanne Marie Wreath, Margaret Pelican, the SCA College of Arms, and all others who do receive this letter, greetings from Tanczos Istvan, Blue Tyger Herald!

It is the intent of Easterners to register the following items. Unless otherwise noted, the submitter has no desire for authenticity and allows any changes.

This item was on the 08-2007 LoAR

1: Benjamin d'Orb - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2005, via the East

Argent, on a Latin cross formy gules between in chief two crossbows azure, a heart Or.

His name was registered in Feb. 2005, via the East. His original device submission, Argent, on a "fillet cross formy" gules between two crossbows in chief and two cinquefoils in base azure a heart Or, was returned at kingdom for using an unidentifiable type of cross and for excessive complexity. His previous device resubmission (which dropped the cinquefoils to reduce complexity), Argent, on a cross [type?] gules between in chief two crossbows azure, a heart Or, was also returned at kingdom for once again using an unidentifiable type of cross. This submission appears to have a properly-drawn Latin cross formy.


This item was on the 08-2007 LoAR

2: Cristoforo Donatello dei Visconti - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2005, via the East

Sable semé of bees argent.

His name was registered in Feb. 2005, via the East. His original device submission, Purpure, a plate between three bees in pall heads to center Or all within a bordure of three angles each composed of two needles, one needle of each pair having its point enfiled of the eye of the other, was returned at kingdom for using an unblazonable and unreproducible arrangement of charges. His previous device resubmission, Purpure, a plate between in pall three bees heads to center Or and in pall inverted three needles points to center argent, was returned at kingdom for violating RfS VIII.1. ("slot machine"). This is a complete redesign.


This item was on the 08-2007 LoAR

3: Durko Vadas - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 2004, via the East

Sable, on a mullet of seven points inverted Or a single-headed chess knight purpure and a base rayonny Or.

Her name was registered in Nov. 2004, via the East. Her identically-blazoned device was returned on the Dec. 2006 LoAR "for using a modern, not a period, chess piece." The device has been redrawn using a chess knight from an image labeled "Chessmen from Lucena, 1497" found on p. 31 of Chessmen by Donald M. Liddell (Harcourt, Brace & Company, New York, 1937). A scan of this page was posted to OSCAR by Bruce Draconarius of Mistholme. It can be seen at http://oscar.sca.org/cImages/47/2006-10-17/23-24-21_Chessmen.jpg


This item was on the 08-2007 LoAR

4: Elysabeth Underhill - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 2006, via the East

Per pale Or and vert, a chevron counterchanged and in dexter chief a cinquefoil vert.

Her name was registered in November 2006, via the East. Her previous device submission, Per chevron Or semy of cinquefoils vert and Or, a chevron vert and in base a mouse sejant erect sable, was returned at kingdom for having a semy on only part of a plain field. This is a complete redesign.

This should be clear of Isabelle Idonea de la Mere (05/1992 Meridies), Per pale Or and vert, a chevron between two escallops inverted and a cinquefoil pierced counterchanged, with one CD for removing the escallops, and another for changing the tincture of half the cinquefoil.


This item was on the 08-2007 LoAR

5: Etain ingen ui Broin - New Name

No major changes.
Sound most important.

Documentation is from an email to the SCA Heralds email list from Aryanhwy merch Catmael, answering a query about an early period Irish name using Eadaoin as a given name and Byrne as a clan name.

Mari Elspeth nic Bryan's "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/) gives Étaín as the standard Middle Irish Gaelic (c. 900 - c. 1200) spelling of a feminine name found in the annals as the name of 11 women, with dates between 1104 and 1476.

ingen uí Broin is intended as a late 11th/early 12th century spelling of a clan affiliation byname based on the masculine name Bron, which is found in the CELT archive (http://www.ucc.ie/celt/search.html) in the Annals of Ulster for the year 843, entry 3: Ruargg m. Broin 'Ruargg son of Bron'. Aryanhwy cites Effrick's "Quick & Easy Gaelic Names" (http://www.medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/) for the form of the byname, but this article only gives the Early Modern Irish (c. 1200 - c. 1700) spelling "inghean uí" (plus lenition).

The submitter has chosen to leave off all the diacritical marks, which is allowed for Gaelic names as long as it's done consistently.


This item was on the 08-2007 LoAR

6: Galefridus Peregrinus - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in June of 2006, via the East

Azure, a chevron gules fimbriated argent between three stag's heads caboshed argent.

His name was registered in June 2006, via the East. His previous device submission, Azure, a fess argent fretty gules between three stag's heads cabossed argent, was returned at kingdom for conflict with Emma de Lastone (Dec. 01 via Lochac), Azure, a fess argent fretty vert between three mullets pierced argent. There was one CD for the change from stag's heads to mullets, but nothing for changing the tincture only of the tertiary frets.

This submission changes the primary charge to clear that conflict.


This item was on the 08-2007 LoAR

7: Honor Savage - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 2004, via the East

Per saltire gules and argent, four mullets of six points counterchanged.

Her name was registered in Nov. 2004, via the East. Her previous device submission, Quarterly wavy argent and gules, four mullets counterchanged, was returned at kingdom for conflict with Aaron Swiftrunner, Quarterly argent and gules, four mullets of four points counterchanged. There was one CD for the wavy lines, but nothing for the number of points on the mullets.

This submission changes the field to per saltire and adds a point to the mullets to clear that conflict.


This item was on the 08-2007 LoAR

8: Marsaili inghean Lachtnáin - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2004, via the East

Azure, on a saltire argent between four double roses argent and purpure a feather bendwise purpure.

Her name was registered in Oct. 2004, via the East. Her previous device submission, Sable, on a saltire between four roses argent a feather palewise sable, was returned by Laurel on the same letter because the orientation of the feather rendered it unrecognizably small. This submission turns the feather/quill bendwise, giving it more room, to fix this problem.


This item was on the 08-2007 LoAR

9: Ogedei Becinjab - New Name & New Badge

(Fieldless) A monkey statant contourny sable.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (Mongol) most important.
Culture (Mongol) most important.

Ogedei (also written Ogedai, Ogodei, Ogodai, Ögödei, Ogotai, Ogetai, Aughatai, etc.) was the name of a son of Genghis Khan (http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9056835/Ogodei). The Latinized form Occoday appears in Mari Elspeth nic Bryan's "Mongol Names in 13th Century Latin" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/tartar/names.html). Some instances clearly refer to Genghis Khan's son, others may not. At one point, the names of Genghis Khan and his sons were ruled unique and therefore not registerable (Chagatai Buran, May 87 R-An Tir). This ruling appears to have been (implicitly) overturned: Ogedai Qara and Timujin Timurtologai were registered without comment (Oct. 06 and Mar. 98, via Atenveldt), and the registration of Tehmuginn Burgudjerekh (Nov. 00 Atenveldt) says that the 1998 registration "overturned that precedent after considering new evidence". Becinjab is a constructed Mongol name, intended to mean 'monkey-blessed'. Support for names with meanings of 'animal-blessed' can be found in "Researching Mongol Names in the SCA" by Luigi Kapaj (http://silverhorde.viahistoria.com/main.html?research/ResearchingMongolNames.html), which gives the example of Gülügjab meaning 'puppy-blessed'. The same article also states, "In slightly later periods, such as the 15th and 16th century, the wide adoption of Tibetan Buddhism among Mongols led to many Tibetan names, including suffixes like -jab, (blessed) becoming common." Further support for the use of animal-based names can be found in "On the Documentation and Construction of Period Mongolian Names" by Baras-aghur Naran (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/mongol.html), which states:

In his article "Naming Patterns Among the Mongols" Larry Moses describes several methods the Mongols use to choose a name for a newborn. Among those mentioned are names chosen from the first things seen after the mother has given birth, those based on events close in chronological proximity to the birth, those that called on positive influence (ie., Cheren, a name in the Secret History, means 'long life'), and names calling on religious figures or watchful ancestors, or chosen from the Buddhist texts. Animal names were popular among the Mongols, as well as colours, numbers, weaponry, and metals, with the names not being gender specific. It must be remembered that because the Mongols were a nomadic people practicing a shamanistic religion, names were chosen that reflected important objects, events, and concepts in daily life. Moses also describes the structure of Mongol names as it has changed through history. The oldest names, such as the ones found in the Secret History, do not seem to be influenced by other cultures. Late in the 13th century, Sanskrit elements were introduced through contacts with other cultures like the Uighur. Also in the 13th century, Tibetan Buddhist names and elements due to the Mongol ruling elite converting to that faith. Although the 13th century was also the height of the Yuan Dynasty in China, no Chinese names were assimilated into the Mongol culture. The last evolution of names in our time period was the reintroduction of Buddhist elements and ideologies during the 16th century.

The Lingua Mongolia website translates 'monkey' into Mongolian as 'beci' or 'becin' (http://www.linguamongolia.co.uk/cgi-bin/searchDb3.pl?search_param=monkey&cmdSubmit=Search&langselect =english). Thus Becinjab meaning 'monkey-blessed' should be a plausible period Mongolian byname.

The cited Britannica article for Ögödei lists the alternate spellings Ogadai, Ogdai, and Ugedei, but not the submitted Ogedei. This last spelling is given in Mari Elspeth nic Bryan's "Mongol Names in 13th Century Latin" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/tartar/names.html) as a modern spelling, "used by the editors in their English translation of the text".

Being thoroughly confused by the whole question of transliterating Mongolian names, Kingdom declines to make any changes.


This item was on the 08-2007 LoAR

10: Quintin Brilliant - New Name

Sound most important.

Quintin is found twice in "Names from Artois, 1601" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael ( http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/1601masc.html ).

Brilliant is found in Morlet, Dictionnaire etymologique des noms de famille, p. 142 s.n. Brillant (vars. Brilliand, Brilliant). No dated forms are given. The text says "represente le part. pres du v. brillier, prendre au bril...", which translates to "represents the present participle of the verb brillier, meaning 'to catch with a bril'" (bril = bird trap).

Brilliant is also the submitter's legal surname [Eastern Crown states that the check used to pay for the submission has the surname "Brilliant" printed on it, but that no other documentation was provided for the Legal Name Allowance.]


This item was on the 08-2007 LoAR

11: Uther McDermot - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2005, via the East

Per chevron checky Or and gules and gules, in base an elephant statant argent.

His name was registered in Feb. 2005, via the East.

His original device submission, Sable, a bear passant argent, was returned at kingdom for conflict. His previous device resubmission, Sable, a bear passant and on a chief argent three fleurs-de-lys sable, was returned at kingdom, also for conflict. This is a completely different design.

For the use of a divided field with a partly repeated tincture, the following precedent may be relevant: "[Per pale azure and argent, ... a chief checky azure and argent] There would be no problem with either an azure field or an argent field with a checky chief including that color; given that, there is no reason to not accept a split field with checky of both colors" (Gabrielle d'Anjou, 07/00 A-Meridies).


By my count, there are ten new items here, for which we owe Laurel $40. There are also 2 resubmissions, for a total of 12 items. The money will be delivered under a separate cover from the packet.

Until next month,

Istvan Blue Tyger

Bibliography

MacLysaght, Edward. The Surnames of Ireland. Sixth edition. Irish Academic Press, Dublin, 1991.

Morlet, Marie-Therese. Dictionnaire Etymologique des Noms de Famille. Librairie Academique Perrin, 1997.


OSCAR counts 3 New Names, 6 New Devices and 1 New Badge. These 10 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $40 for them. OSCAR counts 2 Resub Devices. These 2 items are not chargeable. There are a total of 12 items submitted on this letter.

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