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East LoI dated 2011-08-31

Unto the Sovereigns of Arms and the College of Arms, and all others who do receive this letter, greetings from Lady Lillia de Vaux, Eastern Crown Herald. I am issuing this letter on behalf of Ása in svarta, our waterlogged Blue Tyger Herald.

The East Kingdom College of Heralds hereby submits the following items, with our thanks.

This item was on the 11-2011 LoAR

1: Alana O'Keeve - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 2006, via the East

(Fieldless) Two arrows inverted in saltire sable, overall a snail Or.

Her device, Vert, three snails Or, was also registered July 2006 via the East.


This item was on the 11-2011 LoAR

2: Aldís Þorbjarnardóttir - New Name & New Device

Argent, a wyvern passant and a chief purpure fretty argent.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Language (Norse) most important.
Culture (Norse) most important.

Aldís is a feminine given name found in Geirr Bassi (p. 7).

Þorbjarnardóttir (ibid., p. 18) is a patronymic byname formed from the masculine given name Þorbj{o,}rn (ibid., p. 16).

The name was submitted as Aldís Þorbjornardóttir. The spelling of the patronym was corrected from Þorbjorn- to Þorbjarn- to match the available documentation.


This item was on the 11-2011 LoAR

3: Ana Ximenez de Hume - New Device Change

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2007, via the East

Vert, a swan naiant argent and on a chief wavy Or three roses proper.

Old Item: Or semy of roundels purpure, a wolf rampant contourny gules, to be retained as a badge.

The prior device was registered March 2007 via the East.


This item was on the 11-2011 LoAR

4: Anne of Oakmere - New Name & New Device

Barry wavy azure and argent, on a chief wavy argent three acorns proper.

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Anne is found in Talan Gwynek, "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/reaneyAG.html), s.n. Ann. The submitted spelling is dated to 1566, 1568, 1576, and 1592.

of Oakmere is a locative byname found as an undated header form in Ekwall. This source has the spelling Okmere dated to 1348. The submitted spelling (Oak-) was considered to be plausible, especially in late-period England, based on the place names Oakallmore (s.n. Oakamoor, 1636), Oakenyates (s.n. Oakengates, 17th century), and Okes and Oakes (s.n. Oaks, 1271-1713 and 1565-1702, respectively), all found in Watts.


This item was on the 11-2011 LoAR

5: Cosimo di Signorello - New Name & New Device

Per bend sinister Or and sable, a horse's head couped and a fish naiant counterchanged.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for Italian, late 1400's.
Language (Italian, late 1400's) most important.
Culture (Italian, late 1400's) most important.

Cosimo is a given name found with a count of 196 in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Italian Given Names from the Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/italian/tratte/).

Signorelli is a masculine byname found in "Florentine Renaissance Resources: Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532" by David Herlihy, R. Burr Litchfield, Anthony Molho, and Roberto Barducci (http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/tratte/search/personinfo.php), with one instance, <Matteo Signorelli>, dated 1331.

No evidence was provided for the use of the preposition with the byname; however, artist Luca Signorelli (1440-1525) also seems to be known, at least modernly, as Luca di Signorelli [Paul Carus, The bride of Christ: a study in Christian legend lore, 1908, http://books.google.com/books?id=F-BBAAAAIAAJ, p. 60].

Mari neyn Brian, "Italian Men's Names from 1364 and 1441" (article in progress) (http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/academy-library/mari/confrat/), has a Working Note that includes the name "Signorello d'Agnilo de Feo, Priore - 1364 (p. 228)", which could imply that "Signorello" is a a given name, and that the submitted surname is patronymic in origin. As such, the correct grammar would appear to be either Cosimo Signorelli or Cosimo di Signorello. For examples of the latter construction, see for example Aryanhwy's "Names from Arezzo, Italy, 1386-1528" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/italian/arezzo.html).

The name was submitted as Cosimo di Signorelli. The spelling of the byname was changed to match the available documentation and to try to meet the authenticity request. For completeness, it should be noted that Signorelli is the submitter's legal last name, as verified by Eastern Crown from a published death notice (name pulled from the US Social Security Death Index).

The device was redrawn to add internal detailing and to use markers on the colored copies instead of crayons. (Note: The fish is based on one in the c. 1405 Wapenboek Beyeren.) Approval of the new art is being obtained from the submitter's heir(s); when it is obtained, a correction will be added. Until then, we are sending this forward in order to minimize delay.


This item was on the 11-2011 LoAR

6: Ealusaid inghean Uí Phaidín - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Meaning (Elizabeth, of the clan of Paidin) most important.

The name was submitted as Ealasaid Ides Ruald Rof McFadden, with the Society name listed as Elisaid of Ayrshire. (This Society name had never been submitted.) The submitter was notified that the name currently being submitted name was not registerable because it had two steps from period practice for the language combinations. A re-consult was done, and the name and form were modified with the submitter's permission.

Ealusaid is dated to 1467 in "Scottish Gaelic Given Names (Draft in Progress Edition 29 June 2007)," by Sharon Krossa (http://www.medievalscotland.org/scotnames/gaelicgiven/women/ealusaid.shtml).

Phaidín is the lenited form of an Early Modern Gaelic name found in "Index of Names in Irish Annals" by Mari Elspeth nic Brian (http://www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Paidin.shtml) dated to 1362, 1365, 1441, 1506, 1543, 1551, 1589. Paidín is both the genitive and the nominative form.

The name pattern for a Gaelic clan affiliation byname, <single given name> inghean Uí <eponymous clan ancestor's name (in genitive case & always lenited unless starting with a vowel)>, is found in "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names (3rd Ed.)" by Sharon Krossa (http://www.medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/#clanaffiliationbyname).


This item was on the 11-2011 LoAR

7: Elizabeth Hyde - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Meaning (spelling) most important.

Elizabeth is from Talan Gwynek, "Feminine Given Names from A Dictionary of English Surnames" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/talan/reaney/reaney.cgi?Elizabeth). The submitted spelling is dated 1205-1600. The given name is also dated between 1539 and 1620 in "English Given Names from 16th and Early 17th C Marriage Records" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/parishes/elizabeth.html).

Hyde is found in Christian de Holacombe, "Faire Names for English Folk: Late Sixteenth Century English Names" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/christian/fairnames/surnames.html#list). It is also found in Julie Kahan, "Surnames in Durham and Northumberland, 1521-1615" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juetta/parish/surnames_h.html), where it is dated 1584.

In addition, this exact name was found in England multiple times in the IGI parish extracts:

ELIZABETH HYDE Female Marriage 30 April 1542 Saint Benedicts, Cambridge, Cambridge, England EDWARD BAYER Batch: M098612

ELIZABETH HYDE Female Christening 18 January 1554 Broadwell, Gloucester, England HENRY HYDE Batch: C035382

Elizabeth Hyde Female Marriage 10 October 1569 St Botolph, Aldgate, London, England Robert Prese Batch: M000803

ELIZABETH HYDE Female Marriage 10 November 1570 Newport Pagnell, Buckingham, England JOHN BRANSON Batch: M015222

...and so forth through 1649.

Correction (2011-Sep-06 23:09:25): The no-photocopy URL for Talan's article is http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/reaneyAG.html.


This item was on the 11-2011 LoAR

8: Eoin Ó Paidín - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.

The name was submitted as Eoin Eafora Ruald rof McFadden, with a Society name of Iaian of Ayrshire. (The Society name had never been submitted.) The submitter was notified that the name currently being submitted was not registerable because it had two steps from period practice for the language combinations. A re-consult was done, and the name and form were modified with the submitter's permission.

Eoin is an Early Modern Irish Gaelic name with 58 Annals dates between 1246 and 1600. "Index of Names in Irish Annals" by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (http://www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Eoin.shtml).

Paidín is found as an Early Modern Gaelic name in "Index of Names in Irish Annals" by Mari Elspeth nic Brian (http://www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Paidin.shtml) dated to 1362, 1365, 1441, 1506, 1543, 1551, and. Paidín is both the genitive and the nominative form.

The formation of a clan affiliation byname is found in "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names (3rd Ed.)" by Sharon Krossa (http://www.medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/#clanaffiliationbyname).


This item was on the 11-2011 LoAR

9: Gawyn O'Clery - New Name & New Device

Sable, an oak leaf Or and on a chief argent three lions rampant sable.

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Gawyn is an interpolated form of Gawin, which is found in Talan Gwynek, "Late Sixteenth Century English Given Names" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/eng16/eng16alpha.html). Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "English Given Names from 16th and Early 17th C Marriage Records" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/parishes/parishes.html), s.n. Gawyne, lists the following spellings: Gawyne (1568, 1607), and Gawin (1583), which further supports the submitted spelling and the i/y switch.

O'Clery is the name of <Thady O'Clery>, found in Mary ingen Briain meic Donnchada, "Names Found in Anglicized Irish Documents" (http://www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnglicizedIrish/Masculine.shtml), s.n. Teige.

The combination of English and Anglicized Irish is no longer an SFPP [Maeve Cunningham, 09/2010, An Tir].


This item was on the 11-2011 LoAR

10: Girsell MacLeoid - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (16th c. Scots/Gaelic or Scots [Anglicized]) most important.
Culture (16th c. Scots/Gaelic or Scots [Anglicized]) most important.

Girsell is a Scots feminine name, found in the IGI parish extracts from Scotland:

GIRSELL ANDERSONE Female Christening 31 MAR 1642 Old Machar, Aberdeen, Scotland JAMES ANDERSONE Batch No. C119062

GERSELL ANDERSONE Female Christening 15 AUG 1618 Saint Nicholas, Aberdeen, Scotland Batch No. C111682

GIRSELL ANDIRSSON Female Christening 12 February 1578 Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland ROBERT ANDIRSSON KIRSTEN HENDIRSSON Batch: C114242

GIRSELL H.; Female Christening 18 December 1583 Anstruther Wester, Fife, Scotland R. MAREON H. Batch: C114032

GIRSELL ALEXR. Female Marriage 14 March 1647 Monikie, Angus, Scotland ALEXR. BARRIE Batch: M113112

GIRSELL ANSTRUTHER Female Christening 2 November 1591 Anstruther Wester, Fife, Scotland JOHN ANSTRUTHER Batch: C114032

MacLeoid is based on a 1338 spelling, M'Leoid found in Black, s.n. Macleod. (The scribal abbreviation has been expanded.) Other spellings of this name are McGloid (1541), McCloyd (1600), Maclode (1348), Ma Keloid (1623), M'Loyd (1443), M'Loyde (1436), M'clode (1539), and Makcloid (1515). In addition, the spelling Makcloyd is dated 1494 in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Index of Scots names found in Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/scots/dost/macleod.html).

The submitter wishes for a name closest to a Scots Gaelic form of "Grace" with a preference for Giorsal over Grainne (both alleged to be forms of Grace, at least modernly). Period citations for Giorsal could not be found. Assistance finding the preferred form of the given name is appreciated. If one is found the combination of Gaelic and Scots is registerable with an SFPP [Elspeth O'Shea, 02/2000].


This item was on the 11-2011 LoAR

11: Katherine Meade - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 1992, via the East

(Fieldless) An elephant rampant argent bearing a howdah gules.

The submitter also has a device, Per bend sinister azure and argent, a winged cat sejant guardant Or and a tree proper, registered in May 1992 via the East. The badge was recolored with the submitter's permission in order to use markers instead of crayon.

As an elephant bearing a howdah has not been registered in the SCA since 1992, a new search was done to ensure that it was known to Europeans in period. An elephant bearing a howdah is the likely basis of the familiar elephant and castle charge, found in the arms of the city of Coventry.

There appears to be variation in how howdahs appear in art in period. None of the period examples found exactly matched the current submission, but it was noted that depictions of the elephant and castle show similar artistic license. One example is found in a 1315 copy of Al-Jazari, Kitab fi macrifat al-hiyal al-handasiyya (The Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices, http://muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm?ArticleID=466#_Toc240280829). Al-Jazari's entry in the Encyclopedia Britannica (http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/301961/al-Jazari) indicates that his work on influenced da Vinci, so this work was likely to have been known in Europe in period. Further examples from the Middle East and Islamic Spain can be seen in the collections of the Victoria & Albert Museum: a 16th or 17th century plate made in Iran (http://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O220981/dish/), and a pyxis from 10th century Andalusia (http://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O76682/pyxis/). An 8th century chess piece from Iran provides another example (http://history.chess.free.fr/first-persian-russian.htm and http://history.chess.free.fr/images/persian/01-Elephant-Iran-8-9th.jpg).

The earliest use in the OED of the term "houdah" was dated to the late 18th century. However, it is the common term in English for this item, and the most likely to result in a depiction close to what the submitter wants. As such, it has been used in the submitted blazon.

A possible conflict was noted with Simona dell'Amore (08/2004, Atlantia), Sable, an elephant rampant argent. There is a CD for fieldlessness, but commenters did not know if the howdah was large enough to grant a second CD.


This item was on the 11-2011 LoAR

12: Lysken die Waeyer - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 2010, via the East

Vert, three keystones argent.

Use of this shape of keystone is a step from period practice [Steven Desjardins, 07/2008, A-An Tir]. This submission is a resub of a kingdom return, so is new to Laurel.


This item was on the 11-2011 LoAR

13: May Dain de Bebyngton - New Name

Submitter has no desire as to gender.

May is a given name found in R&W, s.n. May, which lists <Johannes filius Maie> (1274), <Elena filia May> (1301), and <May de Hindley> (1379). The submitter is aware that this may be a masculine name and does not care.

Dain is a surname found in R&W, s.n. Dain. It is dated 1275.

de Bebyngton is a locative byname found in R&W, s.n. Bebbington, with this formation and spelling dated to the 13th century.


This item was on the 11-2011 LoAR

14: Rúadán mac Paidín - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (Gaelic) most important.

The name was submitted as Ruald Rof McFadden, with the Society name listed as Ruald of Ayrshire (this name was never submitted). However, the submitter was notified that this name was not registerable because it had two steps from period practice for the language combinations. A re-consult was done, and the name and form were modified with the submitter's permission.

Rúadán is a Middle Irish Gaelic name appearing in the Annals in 904, per "Index of Names in Irish Annals" by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (http://www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Ruadan.shtml). It is also the name of a saint according to the Catholic Encyclopedia (see http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13214a.htm). In addition, St. Gabriel report 2223 (http://www.s-gabriel.org/2223) lists Ruadhán as the normalized late-period Gaelic form of a name from a 1541 Scottish document written in Latin, citing Ewen, C. L'Estrange, A History of Surnames of the British Isles.

mac Paidín is a patronymic byname constructed from the Early Modern Irish Gaelic Paidín, dated 1362-1589 in Mari's Index (op. cit., http://www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Paidin.shtml). The submitted spelling is the same for the nominative and genitive forms.

The formation of a simple patronymic byname is found in "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names (3rd Ed.)" by Sharon Krossa (http://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/#simplepatronymicbyname).

The original submission included the Old English Rof 'strong, brave, noble' (FREELANG Old English-English and English-Old English online dictionary, http://www.freelang.net/online/old_english.pho?lg=gb). The submitter would like to incorporate a descriptive byname with this meaning, but commenters could not find one in Gaelic. Assistance finding this element is requested.

Correction (2011-Sep-07 17:09:46): The correct URL for the Old English dictionary (for the descriptive byname that the submitter would like if possible) is http://www.freelang.net/online/old_english.php?lg=gb.


This item was on the 11-2011 LoAR

15: Seán Sreamach mac Tomáis - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2011, via the East

Quarterly argent and vert, four triquetrae counterchanged.

The submitter's name and a badge, (Fieldless) A trefoil knot per pale vert and argent, were registered in Feb. 2011. This submission is a resub of a kingdom return, so is new to Laurel.


This item was on the 11-2011 LoAR

16: Siubhan Wallace - New Name & New Device

Sable, a teazel between three Bourchier knots, a bordure Or.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (Scottish) most important.
Culture (Scottish) most important.

Siubhan is a feminine Gaelic name found from 1310-1600 in Mari Elspeth nic Bryan, "Index of Names in Irish Annals", under the heading Siobhán (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Siban.shtml). The submitted spelling is found in entries for years 1467, 1490, 1515, 1525, 1542, 1565, 1576, 1583, 1598, and 1600. The spelling Siubhán is found in years 1310, 1507, 1525, 1529, 1535, and 1553.

Wallace is found in "Index of Scots names found in Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/scots/dost/wallace.html) with this spelling dated to 1492, 1572, 1605, 1617 and 1636.

The combination of Gaelic and Scots is registerable with an SFPP [Elspeth O'Shea, 02/00].


This item was on the 11-2011 LoAR

17: Teresa Ana Pérez - New Name & New Device

Sable, on a sun Or a human skull sable and on a chief embattled Or three crescents pendant sable.

Submitter desires a feminine name.

All elements are found in Elsbeth Anne Roth, "16th Century Spanish Names" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/spanish/index.html):

Teresa and Ana both appear as feminine given names (ibid., http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/spanish/fem-given-alpha.html).

Pérez appears as a patronymic byname (ibid., http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/spanish/patro-freq.html).

Double given names have been documented for Spanish names in the 16th century [Luzia Violante Bazán, 09/20002, West] and [Maria Theresa Sanchez Garcia, 03/2004, Outlands].


This item was on the 11-2011 LoAR

18: Wulfleda of Berwic - New Name & New Device

Vert, on a bend argent between three broadheads reversed, two and one, Or and a wolf sejant argent, an arrow vert.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.

Wulfleda is considered to be a plausible spelling of the name Wolfleda, dated 1202 in Talan Gwynek, "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/reaneyHZ.html), s.n. Wulfled. This article (s.nn. Wulfrun and Wulveva) also contains the names Wulfrun (1230), Wolueua (1315), Wolueue (1228), Woluiua (1206), Wulfiue (1193), Wulfueua (1197), etc. As such, the submitted spelling (Wulf-) seems to be a reasonable variant.

Berwic is found in Watts, s.n. Berwick, with the meaning glossed as 'the barley farm' and later 'an outlying part of an estate, the outlying lands of a manor retained for the lord's use'. The entry for Berwick-upon-Tweed gives the spellings Berwich (1136), -wyc -wic(h) -uvich -wyk' (12th century). The submitted spelling can also be interpolated from Berwicha (1167) and Berewic(h') -wicke (1196-1255), both found under the subheading Berwick St John.

A commenter asked if there was a "sword-and-dagger" problem with using both an arrow (which has a normal arrowhead) and broadheads. We're more than happy to let Wreath make that call.


[Black] Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland.

[Ekwall] Ekwall, Eilert. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names.

[Geirr Bassi] Geirr Bassi Haraldsson. The Old Norse Name.

[R&W] Reaney, P.H. and R. M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames.

[Watts] Watts, Victor, ed. Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-Names, Based on the Collections of the English Place-Name Society.


OSCAR counts 13 New Names, 9 New Devices, 1 New Device Change and 2 New Badges. These 25 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $75 for them. There are a total of 25 items submitted on this letter.

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